Substance abuse, mental health, and public health campaigns may determine perceived risk of the use of drugs such as marijuana, according to a study.
Australian researchers set out to examine the relationship between perceived harm and substance abuse patterns in people with and without mental disorders. They recruited 1,046 people between the ages of 18 and 86 and asked them to fill out a questionnaire. Participants answered questions on history of mental illness, substance use, perceived harm, psychological status, and response to public health campaigns detailing the potential dangers of drug use.
The scientists found that individuals who perceived a lower risk of tobacco and marijuana were more likely to abuse these drugs. Conversely, participants who perceived a higher risk of tobacco and marijuana were more likely to be female and respond more positively to public health campaigns. A greater risk perception for tobacco was also linked to older age and a lack of mental disorders. However, for marijuana, having a mental disorder was linked to a higher risk perception of using marijuana.
The researchers concluded that many factors may be associated with perceptions of the harmfulness of drugs such as marijuana. They stated that some public health campaigns for certain substances may be more effective than others, and there is a need to highlight the negative consequences of some substances.
Marijuana, hemp, and cannabis are common names for plants of the genus Cannabis. The term hemp is often used for cannabis strains grown specifically for production of paper, rope, and cloth. Other cannabis strains are used to make recreational and medicinal drugs. Marijuana has been used medicinally for approximately 5,000 years. The most widely used components of the herb in traditional medicine are the seed and seed oil. Cannabis sativa is widely used recreationally (inhaled or taken by mouth) to achieve increased feelings of well-being.
Marijuana has been studied for the treatment of a number of conditions, including eczema, epilepsy, chronic pain, insomnia and symptoms of multiple sclerosis. The most significant benefits have been found in the treatment of chronic pain and symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
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