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L-Carnitine
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1912
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1913
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1933
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1946
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1947
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1948
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3601
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3602
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3603
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3604
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3607
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3608
Jeulin C, Lewin LM. Role of free L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine in post-gonadal maturation of mammalian spermatozoa. Hum Reprod Update 1996;2:87-102. View abstract.
3609
Jeulin C, Soufir JC, Marson J, et al. [Acetylcarnitine and spermatozoa: relationship with epididymal maturation and motility in the boar and man]. Reprod Nutr Develop 1988;28:1317-27. View abstract.
3612
Tanphaichitr N. In vitro stimulation of human sperm motility by acetylcarnitine. Int J Fertil 1977;22:85-91. View abstract.
3616
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3617
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3618
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3619
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3620
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3621
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3622
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3623
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3624
Cherchi A, Lai C, Angelino F, et al. Effects of L-carnitine on exercise tolerance in chronic stable angina: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 1985;23:569-72. View abstract.
3625
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3626
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3627
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3628
Iliceto S, Scrutinio D, Bruzzi P, et al. Effects of L-carnitine administration on left ventricular remodeling after acute anterior myocardial infarction: the L-Carnitine Ecocardiografia Digitalizzata Infarto Miocardico (CEDIM) Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995;26:380-7. View abstract.
3629
Davini P, Bigalli A, Lamanna F, Boem A. Controlled study on L-carnitine therapeutic efficacy in post-infarction. Drugs Exp Clin Res 1992;18:355-65. View abstract.
3630
Plioplys AV, Plioplys S. Amantadine and L-carnitine treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Neuropsychobiology 1997;35:16-23. View abstract.
3631
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3632
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3633
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3634
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3635
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3637
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3639
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3641
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3642
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3643
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3644
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3645
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3646
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3647
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3648
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3649
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3650
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3651
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3652
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8047
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Malaguarnera M, Cammalleri L, Gargante MP, et al. L-Carnitine treatment reduces severity of physical and mental fatigue and increases cognitive functions in centenarians: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:1738-44. View abstract.
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Karl M, Rubenstein M, Rudnick C, Brejda J. A multicenter study of nutraceutical drinks for cholesterol (evaluating effectiveness and tolerability). J Clin Lipidology 2012;6:150-158. View abstract.
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Memeo A., Loiero M. Thioctic acid and acetyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of sciatic pain caused by a herniated disc: a randomized, double-blind, comparative study. Clin Drug Investig 2008;28(8):495-500. View abstract.
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Mantovani G, Maccio A, Madeddu C, et al. Randomized phase III clinical trial of five different arms of treatment in 322 patients with cancer cachexia. Oncologist 2010;15:200-11. View abstract.
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Angelova-Fischer I, Rippke F, Fischer TW, Neufang G, Zillikens D. A double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled efficacy assessment study of a skin care formulation for improvement of mild to moderately severe acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Jul;27 Suppl 2:6-11. View abstract.
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Chen Y, Abbate M, Tang L, Cai G, Gong Z, Wei R, Zhou J, Chen X. L-Carnitine supplementation for adults with end-stage kidney disease requiring maintenance hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Feb;99(2):408-22. View abstract.
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Cruciani RA, Zhang JJ, Manola J, Cella D, Ansari B, Fisch MJ. L-carnitine supplementation for the management of fatigue in patients with cancer: an eastern cooperative oncology group phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Nov 1;30(31):3864-9. View abstract.
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Hatamkhani S, Khalili H, Karimzadeh I, Dashti-Khavidaki S, Abdollahi A, Jafari S. Carnitine for prevention of antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity: a randomized, clinical trial. J Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2014 May;29(5):997-1004. View abstract.
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Boehm G, Stahl B. Oligosaccharides from milk. J Nutr 2007;137(3 Suppl 2):847S-849S. View abstract.
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Mantovani, G., Maccio, A., Madeddu, C., Gramignano, G., Serpe, R., Massa, E., Dessi, M., Tanca, F. M., Sanna, E., Deiana, L., Panzone, F., Contu, P., and Floris, C. Randomized phase III clinical trial of five different arms of treatment for patients with cancer cachexia: interim results. Nutrition 2008;24(4):305-313. View abstract.
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Bangma, H. R., Smit, G. P., Kuks, J. B., Grevink, R. G., and Wolffenbuttel, B. H. [Two patients with mitochondrial respiratory chain disease]. Ned.Tijdschr.Geneeskd. 10-18-2008;152(42):2298-2301. View abstract.
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Milazzo, L., Menzaghi, B., Caramma, I., Nasi, M., Sangaletti, O., Cesari, M., Zanone, Poma B., Cossarizza, A., Antinori, S., and Galli, M. Effect of antioxidants on mitochondrial function in HIV-1-related lipoatrophy: a pilot study. AIDS Res.Hum.Retroviruses 2010;26(11):1207-1214. View abstract.
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Madeddu, C., Dessi, M., Panzone, F., Serpe, R., Antoni, G., Cau, M. C., Montaldo, L., Mela, Q., Mura, M., Astara, G., Tanca, F. M., Maccio, A., and Mantovani, G. Randomized phase III clinical trial of a combined treatment with carnitine + celecoxib +/- megestrol acetate for patients with cancer-related anorexia/cachexia syndrome. Clin Nutr 2012;31(2):176-182. View abstract.
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Amin, K. A. and Nagy, M. A. Effect of Carnitine and herbal mixture extract on obesity induced by high fat diet in rats. Diabetol.Metab Syndr. 2009;1(1):17. View abstract.
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Gentile, V., Antonini, G., Antonella, Bertozzi M., Dinelli, N., Rizzo, C., Ashraf, Virmani M., and Koverech, A. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine, L-arginine and nicotinic acid on the efficacy of vardenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in diabetes. Curr Med Res Opin. 2009;25(9):2223-2228. View abstract.
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Morgante, G., Scolaro, V., Tosti, C., Di, Sabatino A., Piomboni, P., and De, Leo, V. [Treatment with carnitine, acetyl carnitine, L-arginine and ginseng improves sperm motility and sexual health in men with asthenopermia]. Minerva Urol.Nefrol. 2010;62(3):213-218. View abstract.
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Marti-Carvajal, A. J., Knight-Madden, J. M., and Martinez-Zapata, M. J. Interventions for treating leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;11:CD008394. View abstract.
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Zhang, Y., Song, J. Q., Liu, P., Yan, R., Dong, J. H., Yang, Y. L., Wang, L. F., Jiang, Y. W., Zhang, Y. H., Qin, J., and Wu, X. R. [Clinical studies on fifty-seven Chinese patients with combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocysteinemia]. Zhonghua Er.Ke.Za Zhi. 2007;45(7):513-517. View abstract.
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Ganio, M. S., Klau, J. F., Lee, E. C., Yeargin, S. W., McDermott, B. P., Buyckx, M., Maresh, C. M., and Armstrong, L. E. Effect of various carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids on cycling performance and maximal voluntary contraction. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc.Metab 2010;20(2):104-114. View abstract.
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Roure, R., Oddos, T., Rossi, A., Vial, F., and Bertin, C. Evaluation of the efficacy of a topical cosmetic slimming product combining tetrahydroxypropyl ethylenediamine, caffeine, carnitine, forskolin and retinol, In vitro, ex vivo and in vivo studies. Int.J Cosmet.Sci 2011;33(6):519-526. View abstract.
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Phillips, T. J., Cherry, C. L., Cox, S., Marshall, S. J., and Rice, A. S. Pharmacological treatment of painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PLoS.One. 2010;5(12):e14433. View abstract.
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Kang, H. C., Kim, H. D., Lee, Y. M., and Han, S. H. Landau-Kleffner syndrome with mitochondrial respiratory chain-complex I deficiency. Pediatr.Neurol. 2006;35(2):158-161. View abstract.
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van Dalen, E. C., Caron, H. N., Dickinson, H. O., and Kremer, L. C. Cardioprotective interventions for cancer patients receiving anthracyclines. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2008;(2):CD003917. View abstract.
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Wang, S. B., Weng, W. C., Lee, N. C., Hwu, W. L., Fan, P. C., and Lee, W. T. Mutation of mitochondrial DNA G13513A presenting with Leigh syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and cardiomyopathy. Pediatr.Neonatol. 2008;49(4):145-149. View abstract.
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Azevedo, O., Vilarinho, L., Almeida, F., Ferreira, F., Guardado, J., Ferreira, M., Lourenco, A., Medeiros, R., and Almeida, J. Cardiomyopathy and kidney disease in a patient with maternally inherited diabetes and deafness caused by the 3243A>G mutation of mitochondrial DNA. Cardiology 2010;115(1):71-74. View abstract.
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Shojaei, M., Djalali, M., Khatami, M., Siassi, F., and Eshraghian, M. Effects of carnitine and coenzyme Q10 on lipid profile and serum levels of lipoprotein(a) in maintenance hemodialysis patients on statin therapy. Iran J Kidney Dis 2011;5(2):114-118. View abstract.
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van Dalen, E. C., Caron, H. N., Dickinson, H. O., and Kremer, L. C. Cardioprotective interventions for cancer patients receiving anthracyclines. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2011;(6):CD003917. View abstract.
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Wadman, R. I., Bosboom, W. M., van den Berg, L. H., Wokke, J. H., Iannaccone, S. T., and Vrancken, A. F. Drug treatment for spinal muscular atrophy types II and III. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2011;(12):CD006282. View abstract.
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Wadman, R. I., Bosboom, W. M., van der Pol, W. L., van den Berg, L. H., Wokke, J. H., Iannaccone, S. T., and Vrancken, A. F. Drug treatment for spinal muscular atrophy types II and III. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;4:CD006282. View abstract.
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Torrioli, M. G., Vernacotola, S., Mariotti, P., Bianchi, E., Calvani, M., De Gaetano, A., Chiurazzi, P., and Neri, G. Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of L-acetylcarnitine for the treatment of hyperactive behavior in fragile X syndrome. Am.J Med Genet. 12-3-1999;87(4):366-368. View abstract.
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Torrioli, M. G., Vernacotola, S., Peruzzi, L., Tabolacci, E., Mila, M., Militerni, R., Musumeci, S., Ramos, F. J., Frontera, M., Sorge, G., Marzullo, E., Romeo, G., Vallee, L., Veneselli, E., Cocchi, E., Garbarino, E., Moscato, U., Chiurazzi, P., D'Iddio, S., Calvani, M., and Neri, G. A double-blind, parallel, multicenter comparison of L-acetylcarnitine with placebo on the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in fragile X syndrome boys. Am.J Med.Genet.A 4-1-2008;146(7):803-812. View abstract.
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Rueda, J. R., Ballesteros, J., and Tejada, M. I. Systematic review of pharmacological treatments in fragile X syndrome. BMC.Neurol. 2009;9:53. View abstract.
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Anonymous. Study on propionyl-L-carnitine in chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J 1999;20(1):70-76. View abstract.
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Gunal, A. I., Celiker, H., Donder, E., and Gunal, S. Y. The effect of L-carnitine on insulin resistance in hemodialysed patients with chronic renal failure. J Nephrol. 1999;12(1):38-40. View abstract.
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Thomas, S., Fischer, F. P., Mettang, T., Pauli-Magnus, C., Weber, J., and Kuhlmann, U. Effects of L-carnitine on leukocyte function and viability in hemodialysis patients: A double-blind randomized trial. Am.J Kidney Dis 1999;34(4):678-687. View abstract.
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Löster H, Miehe K, Punzel M, et al. Prolonged oral L-carnitine substitution increases bicycle ergometer performance in patients with severe, ischemically induced cardiac insufficiency. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 1999;13:537-46. View abstract.
58146
Nikolaos, S., George, A., Telemachos, T., Maria, S., Yannis, M., and Konstantinos, M. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on red blood cells deformability in hemodialysis patients. Ren Fail. 2000;22(1):73-80. View abstract.
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Iyer, R., Gupta, A., Khan, A., Hiremath, S., and Lokhandwala, Y. Does left ventricular function improve with L-carnitine after acute myocardial infarction? J Postgrad Med 1999;45(2):38-41. View abstract.
58149
Turpeinen, A. K., Kuikka, J. T., Vanninen, E., Yang, J., and Uusitupa, M. I. Long-term effect of acetyl-L-carnitine on myocardial 123I-MIBG uptake in patients with diabetes. Clin Auton.Res 2000;10(1):13-16. View abstract.
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Gurlek, A., Tutar, E., Akcil, E., Dincer, I., Erol, C., Kocaturk, P. A., and Oral, D. The effects of L-carnitine treatment on left ventricular function and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Eur J Heart Fail. 2000;2(2):189-193. View abstract.
58151
Villani, R. G., Gannon, J., Self, M., and Rich, P. A. L-Carnitine supplementation combined with aerobic training does not promote weight loss in moderately obese women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc.Metab 2000;10(2):199-207. View abstract.
58154
Semeniuk, J., Shalansky, K. F., Taylor, N., Jastrzebski, J., and Cameron, E. C. Evaluation of the effect of intravenous l-carnitine on quality of life in chronic hemodialysis patients. Clin Nephrol. 2000;54(6):470-477. View abstract.
58155
Sirtori, C. R., Calabresi, L., Ferrara, S., Pazzucconi, F., Bondioli, A., Baldassarre, D., Birreci, A., and Koverech, A. L-carnitine reduces plasma lipoprotein(a) levels in patients with hyper Lp(a). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc.Dis. 2000;10(5):247-251. View abstract.
58156
Iyer, R. N., Khan, A. A., Gupta, A., Vajifdar, B. U., and Lokhandwala, Y. Y. L-carnitine moderately improves the exercise tolerance in chronic stable angina. J Assoc Physicians India 2000;48(11):1050-1052. View abstract.
58157
Brass, E. P., Adler, S., Sietsema, K. E., Hiatt, W. R., Orlando, A. M., and Amato, A. Intravenous L-carnitine increases plasma carnitine, reduces fatigue, and may preserve exercise capacity in hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001;37(5):1018-1028. View abstract.
58158
Barker, G. A., Green, S., Askew, C. D., Green, A. A., and Walker, P. J. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine on exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(9):1415-1422. View abstract.
58159
Arockia Rani, P. J. and Panneerselvam, C. Carnitine as a free radical scavenger in aging. Exp Gerontol. 2001;36(10):1713-1726. View abstract.
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Ellaway, C. J., Peat, J., Williams, K., Leonard, H., and Christodoulou, J. Medium-term open label trial of L-carnitine in Rett syndrome. Brain Dev. 2001;23 Suppl 1:S85-S89. View abstract.
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Cha, Y. S., Choi, S. K., Suh, H., Lee, S. N., Cho, D., and Li, K. Effects of carnitine coingested caffeine on carnitine metabolism and endurance capacity in athletes. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol.(Tokyo) 2001;47(6):378-384. View abstract.
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O'Donnell, J., Finer, N. N., Rich, W., Barshop, B. A., and Barrington, K. J. Role of L-carnitine in apnea of prematurity: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 2002;109(4):622-626. View abstract.
58164
Pettegrew, J. W., Levine, J., Gershon, S., Stanley, J. A., Servan-Schreiber, D., Panchalingam, K., and McClure, R. J. 31P-MRS study of acetyl-L-carnitine treatment in geriatric depression: preliminary results. Bipolar.Disord. 2002;4(1):61-66. View abstract.
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Van Oudheusden, L. J. and Scholte, H. R. Efficacy of carnitine in the treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prostaglandins Leukot.Essent.Fatty Acids 2002;67(1):33-38. View abstract.
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Lenzi, A., Lombardo, F., Sgro, P., Salacone, P., Caponecchia, L., Dondero, F., and Gandini, L. Use of carnitine therapy in selected cases of male factor infertility: a double-blind crossover trial. Fertil.Steril. 2003;79(2):292-300. View abstract.
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Chazot, C., Blanc, C., Hurot, J. M., Charra, B., Jean, G., and Laurent, G. Nutritional effects of carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients. Clin Nephrol 2003;59(1):24-30. View abstract.
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Derosa, G., Cicero, A. F., Gaddi, A., Mugellini, A., Ciccarelli, L., and Fogari, R. The effect of L-carnitine on plasma lipoprotein(a) levels in hypercholesterolemic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Clin Ther 2003;25(5):1429-1439. View abstract.
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Corbucci, G. G., Menichetti, A., Cogliatti, A., Nicoli, P., and Ruvolo, C. Metabolic aspects of acute tissue hypoxia during extracorporeal circulation and their modification induced by L-carnitine treatment. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1992;12(3):149-157. View abstract.
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Martina, B., Zuber, M., Weiss, P., Burkart, F., and Ritz, R. [Anti-arrhythmia treatment using L-carnitine in acute myocardial infarct]. Schweiz.Med Wochenschr 9-12-1992;122(37):1352-1355. View abstract.
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Pugliese, D., Sabba, C., Ettorre, G., Berardi, E., Antonica, G., Godi, L., Palasciano, G., Lee, S. S., and Albano, O. Acute systemic and splanchnic haemodynamic effects of L-carnitine in patients with cirrhosis. Drugs Exp Clin Res 1992;18(4):147-153. View abstract.
58174
Malaguarnera, M., Pistone, G., Astuto, M., Dell'Arte, S., Finocchiaro, G., Lo, Giudice E., and Pennisi, G. L-Carnitine in the treatment of mild or moderate hepatic encephalopathy. Dig.Dis. 2003;21(3):271-275. View abstract.
58175
Tomassini, V., Pozzilli, C., Onesti, E., Pasqualetti, P., Marinelli, F., Pisani, A., and Fieschi, C. Comparison of the effects of acetyl L-carnitine and amantadine for the treatment of fatigue in multiple sclerosis: results of a pilot, randomised, double-blind, crossover trial. J Neurol.Sci 3-15-2004;218(1-2):103-108. View abstract.
58176
Benton, D. and Donohoe, R. T. The influence on cognition of the interactions between lecithin, carnitine and carbohydrate. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2004;175(1):84-91. View abstract.
58177
Corbucci, G. G., Melis, A., Piga, M., Marchionni, A., and Calvani, M. Influence of acetyl-carnitine on some mitochondrial enzymic activities in the human cerebral tissue in conditions of acute hypoxia. Int J Tissue React. 1992;14(4):183-194. View abstract.
58178
Pucciarelli, G., Mastursi, M., Latte, S., Sacra, C., Setaro, A., Lizzadro, A., and Nolfe, G. [The clinical and hemodynamic effects of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of congestive heart failure]. Clin Ter. 1992;141(11):379-384. View abstract.
58181
Vaux, E. C., Taylor, D. J., Altmann, P., Rajagopalan, B., Graham, K., Cooper, R., Bonomo, Y., and Styles, P. Effects of carnitine supplementation on muscle metabolism by the use of magnetic resonance spectroscopy and near-infrared spectroscopy in end-stage renal disease. Nephron Clin.Pract. 2004;97(2):c41-c48. View abstract.
58182
Cavallini, G., Ferraretti, A. P., Gianaroli, L., Biagiotti, G., and Vitali, G. Cinnoxicam and L-carnitine/acetyl-L-carnitine treatment for idiopathic and varicocele-associated oligoasthenospermia. J Androl 2004;25(5):761-770. View abstract.
58183
Fernandez, C. and Proto, C. [L-carnitine in the treatment of chronic myocardial ischemia. An analysis of 3 multicenter studies and a bibliographic review]. Clin Ter. 1992;140(4):353-377. View abstract.
58184
Kobayashi, A., Masumura, Y., and Yamazaki, N. L-carnitine treatment for congestive heart failure--experimental and clinical study. Jpn Circ.J 1992;56(1):86-94. View abstract.
58186
Li, B., Lloyd, M. L., Gudjonsson, H., Shug, A. L., and Olsen, W. A. The effect of enteral carnitine administration in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55(4):838-845. View abstract.
58187
Cruciani, R. A., Dvorkin, E., Homel, P., Culliney, B., Malamud, S., Shaiova, L., Fleishman, S., Lapin, J., Klein, E., Lesage, P., Portenoy, R., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. L-carnitine supplementation for the treatment of fatigue and depressed mood in cancer patients with carnitine deficiency: a preliminary analysis. Ann N.Y.Acad.Sci 2004;1033:168-176. View abstract.
58188
Filipek, P. A., Juranek, J., Nguyen, M. T., Cummings, C., and Gargus, J. J. Relative carnitine deficiency in autism. J Autism Dev.Disord. 2004;34(6):615-623. View abstract.
58189
Rahbar, A. R., Shakerhosseini, R., Saadat, N., Taleban, F., Pordal, A., and Gollestan, B. Effect of L-carnitine on plasma glycemic and lipidemic profile in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Eur.J Clin.Nutr. 2005;59(4):592-596. View abstract.
58190
Pande, S., Brion, L. P., Campbell, D. E., Gayle, Y., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. V. Lack of effect of L-carnitine supplementation on weight gain in very preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2005;25(7):470-477. View abstract.
58191
Lee, P. J., Harrison, E. L., Jones, M. G., Jones, S., Leonard, J. V., and Chalmers, R. A. L-carnitine and exercise tolerance in medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency: a pilot study. J Inherit.Metab Dis. 2005;28(2):141-152. View abstract.
58192
Maestri, A., De Pasquale, Ceratti A., Cundari, S., Zanna, C., Cortesi, E., and Crino, L. A pilot study on the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine in paclitaxel- and cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Tumori 2005;91(2):135-138. View abstract.
58193
Bianchi, G., Vitali, G., Caraceni, A., Ravaglia, S., Capri, G., Cundari, S., Zanna, C., and Gianni, L. Symptomatic and neurophysiological responses of paclitaxel- or cisplatin-induced neuropathy to oral acetyl-l-carnitine. Eur.J Cancer 7-19-2005; View abstract.
58194
Balercia, G., Regoli, F., Armeni, T., Koverech, A., Mantero, F., and Boscaro, M. Placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial on the use of L-carnitine, L-acetylcarnitine, or combined L-carnitine and L-acetylcarnitine in men with idiopathic asthenozoospermia. Fertil.Steril. 2005;84(3):662-671. View abstract.
58195
Lango, R., Smolenski, R. T., Rogowski, J., Siebert, J., Wujtewicz, M., Slominska, E. M., Lysiak-Szydlowska, W., and Yacoub, M. H. Propionyl-L-carnitine improves hemodynamics and metabolic markers of cardiac perfusion during coronary surgery in diabetic patients. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2005;19(4):267-275. View abstract.
58196
Stuessi, C., Hofer, P., Meier, C., and Boutellier, U. L -Carnitine and the recovery from exhaustive endurance exercise: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005;95(5-6):431-435. View abstract.
58197
Guideri, F., Acampa, M., Hayek, Y., and Zappella, M. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine on cardiac dysautonomia in Rett syndrome: prevention of sudden death? Pediatr Cardiol 2005;26(5):574-577. View abstract.
58198
Waldner, R., Laschan, C., Lohninger, A., Gessner, M., Tuchler, H., Huemer, M., Spiegel, W., and Karlic, H. Effects of doxorubicin-containing chemotherapy and a combination with L-carnitine on oxidative metabolism in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Cancer Res.Clin Oncol. 2006;132(2):121-128. View abstract.
58199
Uzun, N., Sarikaya, S., Uluduz, D., and Aydin, A. Peripheric and automatic neuropathy in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: the effect of L-carnitine treatment on the peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Electromyogr.Clin Neurophysiol. 2005;45(6):343-351. View abstract.
58200
Zanardi, R. and Smeraldi, E. A double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial of acetyl-L-carnitine vs. amisulpride in the treatment of dysthymia. Eur.Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006;16(4):281-287. View abstract.
58201
Calo, L. A., Pagnin, E., Davis, P. A., Semplicini, A., Nicolai, R., Calvani, M., and Pessina, A. C. Antioxidant effect of L-carnitine and its short chain esters: relevance for the protection from oxidative stress related cardiovascular damage. Int.J Cardiol. 2-8-2006;107(1):54-60. View abstract.
58202
Calabrese, V., Giuffrida Stella, A. M., Calvani, M., and Butterfield, D. A. Acetylcarnitine and cellular stress response: roles in nutritional redox homeostasis and regulation of longevity genes. J Nutr.Biochem. 2006;17(2):73-88. View abstract.
58203
El Beshlawy, A., Abd, El Raouf, Mostafa, F., Talaat, M., Isma'eel, H., Aoun, E., Hoffbrand, A. V., and Taher, A. Diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell anemia: is there a role for L-carnitine treatment? Acta Haematol. 2006;115(1-2):91-96. View abstract.
58204
Malaguarnera, M., Pistone, G., Elvira, R., Leotta, C., Scarpello, L., and Liborio, R. Effects of L-carnitine in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. World J Gastroenterol. 12-7-2005;11(45):7197-7202. View abstract.
58205
Greco, A. V., Mingrone, G., Bianchi, M., and Ghirlanda, G. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy: controlled double blind trial versus placebo. Drugs Exp Clin Res 1992;18(2):69-80. View abstract.
58206
Santo, S. S., Sergio, N., Luigi, D. P., Giuseppe, M., Margherita, F., Gea, O. C., Roberto, F., Gabriella, C., Giuseppe, P., and Massimiliano, A. Effect of PLC on functional parameters and oxidative profile in type 2 diabetes-associated PAD. Diabetes Res.Clin Pract. 2006;72(3):231-237. View abstract.
58207
Gramignano, G., Lusso, M. R., Madeddu, C., Massa, E., Serpe, R., Deiana, L., Lamonica, G., Dessi, M., Spiga, C., Astara, G., Maccio, A., and Mantovani, G. Efficacy of l-carnitine administration on fatigue, nutritional status, oxidative stress, and related quality of life in 12 advanced cancer patients undergoing anticancer therapy. Nutrition 2006;22(2):136-145. View abstract.
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Sigman, M., Glass, S., Campagnone, J., and Pryor, J. L. Carnitine for the treatment of idiopathic asthenospermia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fertil.Steril. 2006;85(5):1409-1414. View abstract.
58210
Aledo, R., Mir, C., Dalton, R. N., Turner, C., Pie, J., Hegardt, F. G., Casals, N., and Champion, M. P. Refining the diagnosis of mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase deficiency. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(1):207-211. View abstract.
58211
Signorelli, S. S., Fatuzzo, P., Rapisarda, F., Neri, S., Ferrante, M., Oliveri, Conti G., Fallico, R., Di, Pino L., Pennisi, G., Celotta, G., and Massimiliano, A. A randomised, controlled clinical trial evaluating changes in therapeutic efficacy and oxidative parameters after treatment with propionyl L-carnitine in patients with peripheral arterial disease requiring haemodialysis. Drugs Aging 2006;23(3):263-270. View abstract.
58212
Arduini, A., Bonomini, M., Clutterbuck, E. J., Laffan, M. A., and Pusey, C. D. Effect of L-carnitine administration on erythrocyte survival in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2006;21(9):2671-2672. View abstract.
58213
Borghi-Silva, A., Baldissera, V., Sampaio, L. M., Pires-DiLorenzo, V. A., Jamami, M., Demonte, A., Marchini, J. S., and Costa, D. L-carnitine as an ergogenic aid for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease submitted to whole-body and respiratory muscle training programs. Braz.J Med.Biol.Res. 2006;39(4):465-474. View abstract.
58214
Cetinkaya, A., Bulbuloglu, E., Kantarceken, B., Ciralik, H., Kurutas, E. B., Buyukbese, M. A., and Gumusalan, Y. Effects of L-carnitine on oxidant/antioxidant status in acetic acid-induced colitis. Dig.Dis Sci 2006;51(3):488-494. View abstract.
58215
Pueschel, S. M. The effect of acetyl-L-carnitine administration on persons with Down syndrome. Res.Dev.Disabil. 2006;27(6):599-604. View abstract.
58218
Kolker, S., Garbade, S. F., Greenberg, C. R., Leonard, J. V., Saudubray, J. M., Ribes, A., Kalkanoglu, H. S., Lund, A. M., Merinero, B., Wajner, M., Troncoso, M., Williams, M., Walter, J. H., Campistol, J., Marti-Herrero, M., Caswill, M., Burlina, A. B., Lagler, F., Maier, E. M., Schwahn, B., Tokatli, A., Dursun, A., Coskun, T., Chalmers, R. A., Koeller, D. M., Zschocke, J., Christensen, E., Burgard, P., and Hoffmann, G. F. Natural history, outcome, and treatment efficacy in children and adults with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Pediatr.Res. 2006;59(6):840-847. View abstract.
58223
Calabrese, V., Colombrita, C., Sultana, R., Scapagnini, G., Calvani, M., Butterfield, D. A., and Stella, A. M. Redox modulation of heat shock protein expression by acetylcarnitine in aging brain: relationship to antioxidant status and mitochondrial function. Antioxid.Redox.Signal. 2006;8(3-4):404-416. View abstract.
58224
Rathod, R., Baig, M. S., Khandelwal, P. N., Kulkarni, S. G., Gade, P. R., and Siddiqui, S. Results of a single blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to study the effect of intravenous L-carnitine supplementation on health-related quality of life in Indian patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Indian J Med.Sci 2006;60(4):143-153. View abstract.
58225
Tarantini, G., Scrutinio, D., Bruzzi, P., Boni, L., Rizzon, P., and Iliceto, S. Metabolic treatment with L-carnitine in acute anterior ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. A randomized controlled trial. Cardiology 2006;106(4):215-223. View abstract.
58226
Hauck, E. W., Diemer, T., Schmelz, H. U., and Weidner, W. A critical analysis of nonsurgical treatment of Peyronie's disease. Eur.Urol. 2006;49(6):987-997. View abstract.
58230
Fietta, P. and Manganelli, P. Carnitine: a therapeutic option for childhood psoriatic onycho-pachydermo-periostitis (POPP). Clin Rheumatol. 2007;26(1):93-94. View abstract.
58233
Touati, G., Valayannopoulos, V., Mention, K., de, Lonlay P., Jouvet, P., Depondt, E., Assoun, M., Souberbielle, J. C., Rabier, D., Ogier de, Baulny H., and Saudubray, J. M. Methylmalonic and propionic acidurias: management without or with a few supplements of specific amino acid mixture. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(2-3):288-298. View abstract.
58240
Segura-Bruna, N., Rodriguez-Campello, A., Puente, V., and Roquer, J. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Acta Neurol.Scand. 2006;114(1):1-7. View abstract.
58242
Isidori, A. M., Pozza, C., Gianfrilli, D., and Isidori, A. Medical treatment to improve sperm quality. Reprod.Biomed.Online. 2006;12(6):704-714. View abstract.
58244
Sethumadhavan, S. and Chinnakannu, P. Carnitine and lipoic acid alleviates protein oxidation in heart mitochondria during aging process. Biogerontology. 2006;7(2):101-109. View abstract.
58246
Crill, C. M., Storm, M. C., Christensen, M. L., Hankins, C. T., Bruce, Jenkins M., and Helms, R. A. Carnitine supplementation in premature neonates: effect on plasma and red blood cell total carnitine concentrations, nutrition parameters and morbidity. Clin Nutr. 2006;25(6):886-896. View abstract.
58247
Signorelli, S. S., Fatuzzo, P., Rapisarda, F., Neri, S., Ferrante, M., Oliveri, Conti G., Fallico, R., Di, Pino L., Pennisi, G., Celotta, G., and Anzaldi, M. Propionyl-L-carnitine therapy: effects on endothelin-1 and homocysteine levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease and end-stage renal disease. Kidney Blood Press Res. 2006;29(2):100-107. View abstract.
58253
Xie, J., Zeng, Q., and Wang, L. The protective effect of L-carnitine on ischemia-reperfusion heart. J Huazhong.Univ Sci Technolog.Med.Sci 2006;26(2):188-191. View abstract.
58257
Duranay, M., Akay, H., Yilmaz, F. M., Senes, M., Tekeli, N., and Yucel, D. Effects of L-carnitine infusions on inflammatory and nutritional markers in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2006;21(11):3211-3214. View abstract.
58258
El-Metwally, T. H., Hamed, E. A., Ahmad, A. R., and Mohamed, N. A. Dyslipidemia, oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction in children with chronic renal failure: effects of L-carnitine supplementation. Ann.Saudi.Med. 2003;23(5):270-277. View abstract.
58261
Famularo, G., Moretti, S., Alesse, E., Trinchieri, V., Angelucci, A., Santini, G., Cifone, G., and De, Simone C. Reduction of glutamate levels in HIV-infected subjects treated with acetylcarnitine. J NeuroAIDS. 1999;2(2):65-73. View abstract.
58266
Dokmeci, D., Inan, M., Basaran, U. N., Yalcin, O., Aydogdu, N., Turan, F. N., and Uz, Y. H. Protective effect of L-carnitine on testicular ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Cell Biochem.Funct. 2007;25(6):611-618. View abstract.
58269
Toptas, B., Baykal, A., Yesilipek, A., Isbir, M., Kupesiz, A., Yalcin, O., and Baskurt, O. K. L-carnitine deficiency and red blood cell mechanical impairment in beta-thalassemia major. Clin Hemorheol.Microcirc. 2006;35(3):349-357. View abstract.
58275
Angelini, C., Federico, A., Reichmann, H., Lombes, A., Chinnery, P., and Turnbull, D. Task force guidelines handbook: EFNS guidelines on diagnosis and management of fatty acid mitochondrial disorders. Eur.J Neurol. 2006;13(9):923-929. View abstract.
58276
Crill, C. M., Christensen, M. L., Storm, M. C., and Helms, R. A. Relative bioavailability of carnitine supplementation in premature neonates. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 2006;30(5):421-425. View abstract.
58280
Loffredo, L., Pignatelli, P., Cangemi, R., Andreozzi, P., Panico, M. A., Meloni, V., and Violi, F. Imbalance between nitric oxide generation and oxidative stress in patients with peripheral arterial disease: effect of an antioxidant treatment. J Vasc.Surg. 2006;44(3):525-530. View abstract.
58282
Kumar, R., Gautam, G., and Gupta, N. P. Drug therapy for idiopathic male infertility: rationale versus evidence. J Urol. 2006;176(4 Pt 1):1307-1312. View abstract.
58285
Huidekoper, H. H., Schneider, J., Westphal, T., Vaz, F. M., Duran, M., and Wijburg, F. A. Prolonged moderate-intensity exercise without and with L-carnitine supplementation in patients with MCAD deficiency. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(5):631-636. View abstract.
58292
Colon-Soto, M., Peredo, R. A., and Vila, L. M. Systemic lupus erythematosus after mesotherapy with acetyl-L-carnitine. J Clin Rheumatol. 2006;12(5):261-262. View abstract.
58294
El-Beshlawy, A., El, Accaoui R., Abd El-Sattar, M., Gamal El-Deen, M. H., Youssry, I., Shaheen, N., Hamdy, M., El-Ghamrawy, M., and Taher, A. Effect of L-carnitine on the physical fitness of thalassemic patients. Ann.Hematol. 2007;86(1):31-34. View abstract.
58295
Elmslie, J. L., Porter, R. J., Joyce, P. R., Hunt, P. J., and Mann, J. I. Carnitine does not improve weight loss outcomes in valproate-treated bipolar patients consuming an energy-restricted, low-fat diet. Bipolar.Disord. 2006;8(5 Pt 1):503-507. View abstract.
58298
Perez-Oliva, J. F., Guillen, Y., Gutierrez, F., and Parodis, Y. [Reduction of hospitalization thanks to L-carnitine in hemodialyzed patients]. Nefrologia. 2006;26(4):499-500. View abstract.
58300
Bain, M. A., Faull, R., Milne, R. W., and Evans, A. M. Oral L-carnitine: metabolite formation and hemodialysis. Curr.Drug Metab 2006;7(7):811-816. View abstract.
58301
Malaguarnera, M., Pistone, G., Astuto, M., Vecchio, I., Raffaele, R., Lo, Giudice E., and Rampello, L. Effects of L-acetylcarnitine on cirrhotic patients with hepatic coma: randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Dig.Dis Sci 2006;51(12):2242-2247. View abstract.
58306
Gomez-Amores, L., Mate, A., Miguel-Carrasco, J. L., Jimenez, L., Jos, A., Camean, A. M., Revilla, E., Santa-Maria, C., and Vazquez, C. M. L-carnitine attenuates oxidative stress in hypertensive rats. J Nutr.Biochem. 2007;18(8):533-540. View abstract.
58313
Lee, M. S., Lee, H. J., Lee, H. S., and Kim, Y. L-carnitine stimulates lipolysis via induction of the lipolytic gene expression and suppression of the adipogenic gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Med.Food 2006;9(4):468-473. View abstract.
58314
Kolker, S., Christensen, E., Leonard, J. V., Greenberg, C. R., Burlina, A. B., Burlina, A. P., Dixon, M., Duran, M., Goodman, S. I., Koeller, D. M., Muller, E., Naughten, E. R., Neumaier-Probst, E., Okun, J. G., Kyllerman, M., Surtees, R. A., Wilcken, B., Hoffmann, G. F., and Burgard, P. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(1):5-22. View abstract.
58320
Verrina, E., Caruso, U., Calevo, M. G., Emma, F., Sorino, P., De, Palo T., Lavoratti, G., Turrini, Dertenois L., Cassanello, M., Cerone, R., and Perfumo, F. Effect of carnitine supplementation on lipid profile and anemia in children on chronic dialysis. Pediatr.Nephrol. 2007;22(5):727-733. View abstract.
58322
Loffredo, L., Marcoccia, A., Pignatelli, P., Andreozzi, P., Borgia, M. C., Cangemi, R., Chiarotti, F., and Violi, F. Oxidative-stress-mediated arterial dysfunction in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Eur.Heart J 2007;28(5):608-612. View abstract.
58326
Spiering, B. A., Kraemer, W. J., Vingren, J. L., Hatfield, D. L., Fragala, M. S., Ho, J. Y., Maresh, C. M., Anderson, J. M., and Volek, J. S. Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate. J Strength.Cond.Res. 2007;21(1):259-264. View abstract.
58328
Perna, A. F., Acanfora, F., Satta, E., Lombardi, C., Capasso, R., Ingrosso, D., and De Santo, N. G. L-Propionyl carnitine, homocysteine and S-adenosylhomocysteine in hemodialysis. J Nephrol. 2007;20(1):63-65. View abstract.
58329
Sood, A., Barton, D. L., Bauer, B. A., and Loprinzi, C. L. A critical review of complementary therapies for cancer-related fatigue. Integr.Cancer Ther 2007;6(1):8-13. View abstract.
58332
Lagioia, R., Scrutinio, D., Mangini, S. G., Ricci, A., Mastropasqua, F., Valentini, G., Ramunni, G., Totaro, Fila G., and Rizzon, P. Propionil-L-carnitine: a new compound in the metabolic approach to the treatment of effort angina. Int J Cardiol 1992;34(2):167-172. View abstract.
58334
Zhou, X., Liu, F., and Zhai, S. Effect of L-carnitine and/or L-acetyl-carnitine in nutrition treatment for male infertility: a systematic review. Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr. 2007;16 Suppl 1:383-390. View abstract.
58335
McMackin, C. J., Widlansky, M. E., Hamburg, N. M., Huang, A. L., Weller, S., Holbrook, M., Gokce, N., Hagen, T. M., Keaney, J. F., Jr., and Vita, J. A. Effect of combined treatment with alpha-Lipoic acid and acetyl-L-carnitine on vascular function and blood pressure in patients with coronary artery disease. J Clin Hypertens.(Greenwich.) 2007;9(4):249-255. View abstract.
58336
Spasov, A. A., Iezhitsa, I. N., Kravchenko, M. S., Pisarev, V. B., and Snigur, G. L. Effects of L-, D-, and DL-carnitine on morphometric parameters of skeletal muscle and exercise performance of laboratory animals receiving carnitine-deficient diet. Bull.Exp.Biol.Med. 2006;142(4):458-460. View abstract.
58337
Lund, A. M., Joensen, F., Hougaard, D. M., Jensen, L. K., Christensen, E., Christensen, M., Norgaard-Petersen, B., Schwartz, M., and Skovby, F. Carnitine transporter and holocarboxylase synthetase deficiencies in The Faroe Islands. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(3):341-349. View abstract.
58342
Youle, M. and Osio, M. A double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre study of acetyl L-carnitine in the symptomatic treatment of antiretroviral toxic neuropathy in patients with HIV-1 infection. HIV.Med. 2007;8(4):241-250. View abstract.
58343
Morano, S., Mandosi, E., Fallarino, M., Gatti, A., Tiberti, C., Sensi, M., Gandini, L., Buchetti, B., Lenti, L., Jannini, E. A., and Lenzi, A. Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1768-1774. View abstract.
58344
Salonia, A. Editorial comment on: Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1775-1776. View abstract.
58345
Pickard, R. Editorial comment on: Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1774-1775. View abstract.
58347
Russell, S. Carnitine as an antidote for acute valproate toxicity in children. Curr.Opin.Pediatr. 2007;19(2):206-210. View abstract.
58349
Fornasini, G., Upton, R. N., and Evans, A. M. A pharmacokinetic model for L-carnitine in patients receiving haemodialysis. Br.J Clin Pharmacol 2007;64(3):335-345. View abstract.
58350
Jimenez Caballero, P. E. and Marsal, Alonso C. [Type 1 glutaric aciduria: clinical and therapeutic implications]. Neurologia 2007;22(5):329-332. View abstract.
58356
Rajasekar, P. and Anuradha, C. V. L-Carnitine inhibits protein glycation in vitro and in vivo: evidence for a role in diabetic management. Acta Diabetol. 2007;44(2):83-90. View abstract.
58357
Malvagia, S., Papi, L., Morrone, A., Donati, M. A., Ciani, F., Pasquini, E., la, Marca G., Scholte, H. R., Genuardi, M., and Zammarchi, E. Fatal malonyl CoA decarboxylase deficiency due to maternal uniparental isodisomy of the telomeric end of chromosome 16. Ann.Hum.Genet. 2007;71(Pt 6):705-712. View abstract.
58359
Rossini, M., Di, Munno O., Valentini, G., Bianchi, G., Biasi, G., Cacace, E., Malesci, D., La, Montagna G., Viapiana, O., and Adami, S. Double-blind, multicenter trial comparing acetyl l-carnitine with placebo in the treatment of fibromyalgia patients. Clin Exp.Rheumatol. 2007;25(2):182-188. View abstract.
58362
Miwa, S. and Takikawa, O. [Chronic fatigue syndrome and neurotransmitters]. Nihon Rinsho 2007;65(6):1005-1010. View abstract.
58364
Carroll, J. K., Kohli, S., Mustian, K. M., Roscoe, J. A., and Morrow, G. R. Pharmacologic treatment of cancer-related fatigue. Oncologist. 2007;12 Suppl 1:43-51. View abstract.
58367
Guevara-Campos, J., Gonzalez-Guevara, L., Parada, Y., and Urbaez-Cano, J. [Infantile encephalopathy associated with the MELAS A3243G mutation. Case report]. Invest Clin 2007;48(2):243-248. View abstract.
58372
Malone, M. A., Schocken, D. D., Hanna, S. K., Liang, X., and Malone, J. I. Diabetes-induced bradycardia is an intrinsic metabolic defect reversed by carnitine. Metabolism 2007;56(8):1118-1123. View abstract.
58373
Rajasekar, P. and Anuradha, C. V. Effect of L-carnitine on skeletal muscle lipids and oxidative stress in rats fed high-fructose diet. Exp.Diabetes Res. 2007;2007:72741. View abstract.
58375
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Cristaldi, E., Colonna, V., Messano, M., Koverech, A., Neri, S., Vacante, M., Cammalleri, L., and Motta, M. Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) treatment in elderly patients with fatigue. Arch.Gerontol.Geriatr. 2008;46(2):181-190. View abstract.
58377
Donnelly, C. T., Hameed, A. B., Abdenur, J. E., and Wing, D. A. Carnitine deficiency in pregnancy. Obstet.Gynecol. 2007;110(2 Pt 2):480-482. View abstract.
58378
Erbas, H., Aydogdu, N., Usta, U., and Erten, O. Protective role of carnitine in breast cancer via decreasing arginase activity and increasing nitric oxide. Cell Biol.Int. 2007;31(11):1414-1419. View abstract.
58380
Youle, M. Acetyl-L-carnitine in HIV-associated antiretroviral toxic neuropathy. CNS.Drugs 2007;21 Suppl 1:25-30. View abstract.
58382
Jirillo, E., Altamura, M., Munno, I., Pellegrino, N. M., Sabato, R., Di Fabio, S., and De Simone, C. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine oral administration on lymphocyte antibacterial activity and TNF-alpha levels in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. A randomized double blind versus placebo study. Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 1991;13(1-2):135-146. View abstract.
58383
Orlandi, A., Francesconi, A., Ferlosio, A., Di, Lascio A., Marcellini, M., Pisano, C., and Spagnoli, L. G. Propionyl-L-carnitine prevents age-related myocardial remodeling in the rabbit. J Cardiovasc.Pharmacol 2007;50(2):168-175. View abstract.
58384
Safarinejad, M. R., Hosseini, S. Y., and Kolahi, A. A. Comparison of vitamin E and propionyl-L-carnitine, separately or in combination, in patients with early chronic Peyronie's disease: a double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized study. J Urol. 2007;178(4 Pt 1):1398-1403. View abstract.
58389
Heil, S. G., Hogeveen, M., Kluijtmans, L. A., van Dijken, P. J., van de Berg, G. B., Blom, H. J., and Morava, E. Marfanoid features in a child with combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (CblC type). J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(5):811. View abstract.
58390
Foitzik, K., Hoting, E., Heinrich, U., Tronnier, H., and Paus, R. Indications that topical L-carnitin-L-tartrate promotes human hair growth in vivo. J Dermatol.Sci 2007;48(2):141-144. View abstract.
58391
Wadzinski, J., Franks, R., Roane, D., and Bayard, M. Valproate-associated hyperammonemic encephalopathy. J Am.Board Fam.Med. 2007;20(5):499-502. View abstract.
58392
Kumar, A., Singh, R. B., Saxena, M., Niaz, M. A., Josh, S. R., Chattopadhyay, P., Mechirova, V., Pella, D., and Fedacko, J. Effect of carni Q-gel (ubiquinol and carnitine) on cytokines in patients with heart failure in the Tishcon study. Acta Cardiol. 2007;62(4):349-354. View abstract.
58397
Al'miasheva, M. I., Balashov, V. P., Ivianskii, S. A., Markelova, I. A., Kul'kova, N. P., and Balykova, L. A. [Experimental study of the effects of metabolic drugs on exercise tolerance]. Vopr.Kurortol.Fizioter.Lech.Fiz Kult. 2007;(4):15-17. View abstract.
58398
Rossini, D., Bulckaen, M., Di, Marco S., Giovannetti, R., Giuntoli, F., Lacopetti, L., and Vergoni, W. [Rehabilitation program in patients with moderate-to-severe intermittent claudication: immediate results and one year follow-up]. Monaldi Arch.Chest Dis 2007;68(2):110-114. View abstract.
58399
Xie, H., Tang, S. Y., Li, H., Luo, X. H., Yuan, L. Q., Wang, D., and Liao, E. Y. L-carnitine protects against apoptosis of murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Amino.Acids 2008;35(2):419-423. View abstract.
58401
Panjwani, U., Thakur, L., Anand, J. P., Singh, S. N., Amitabh, Singh, S. B., and Banerjee, P. K. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on endurance exercise in normobaric/normoxic and hypobaric/hypoxic conditions. Wilderness.Environ.Med. 2007;18(3):169-176. View abstract.
58402
Dealberto, M. J. Valproate-induced hyperammonaemic encephalopathy: review of 14 cases in the psychiatric setting. Int.Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007;22(6):330-337. View abstract.
58405
Romano, M., Vacante, M., Cristaldi, E., Colonna, V., Gargante, M. P., Cammalleri, L., and Malaguarnera, M. L-carnitine treatment reduces steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with alpha-interferon and ribavirin. Dig.Dis Sci 2008;53(4):1114-1121. View abstract.
58406
Balasaraswathi, K., Rajasekar, P., and Anuradha, C. V. Changes in redox ratio and protein glycation in precataractous lens from fructose-fed rats: effects of exogenous L-carnitine. Clin Exp.Pharmacol Physiol 2008;35(2):168-173. View abstract.
58407
Miles, C. L., Candy, B., Jones, L., Williams, R., Tookman, A., and King, M. Interventions for sexual dysfunction following treatments for cancer. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;(4):CD005540. View abstract.
58409
Weinhandl, E. D., Rao, M., Gilbertson, D. T., Collins, A. J., and Pereira, B. J. Protective effect of intravenous levocarnitine on subsequent-month hospitalization among prevalent hemodialysis patients, 1998 to 2003. Am.J Kidney Dis 2007;50(5):803-812. View abstract.
58410
Xue, Y. Z., Wang, L. X., Liu, H. Z., Qi, X. W., Wang, X. H., and Ren, H. Z. L-carnitine as an adjunct therapy to percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2007;21(6):445-448. View abstract.
58412
Chen, J. C., Tsai, T. C., Liu, C. S., and Lu, C. T. Acute hearing loss in a patient with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Acta Neurol.Taiwan. 2007;16(3):168-172. View abstract.
58421
Biolo, G., Stulle, M., Bianco, F., Mengozzi, G., Barazzoni, R., Vasile, A., Panzetta, G., and Guarnieri, G. Insulin action on glucose and protein metabolism during L-carnitine supplementation in maintenance haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2008;23(3):991-997. View abstract.
58422
Rajasekar, P., Palanisamy, N., and Anuradha, C. V. Increase in nitric oxide and reductions in blood pressure, protein kinase C beta II and oxidative stress by L-carnitine: a study in the fructose-fed hypertensive rat. Clin Exp.Hypertens. 2007;29(8):517-530. View abstract.
58424
Katiyar, A. and Aaron, C. Case files of the Children's Hospital of Michigan Regional Poison Control Center: the use of carnitine for the management of acute valproic acid toxicity. J Med.Toxicol. 2007;3(3):129-138. View abstract.
58425
Yokoi, K., Ito, T., Maeda, Y., Nakajima, Y., Ueta, A., Nomura, T., Koyama, N., Kato, I., Suzuki, S., Kurono, Y., Sugiyama, N., and Togari, H. Acylcarnitine profiles during carnitine loading and fasting tests in a Japanese patient with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Tohoku J Exp.Med. 2007;213(4):351-359. View abstract.
58432
Sproule, D. M., Dyme, J., Coku, J., de, Vinck D., Rosenzweig, E., Chung, W. K., and De Vivo, D. C. Pulmonary artery hypertension in a child with MELAS due to a point mutation of the mitochondrial tRNA((Leu)) gene (m.3243A > G). J Inherit.Metab Dis 1-7-2008; View abstract.
58437
Mitwalli, A. H., Al-Wakeel, J. S., Alam, A., Tarif, N., Abu-Aisha, H., Rashed, M., and Al, Nahed N. L-carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients. Saudi.J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2005;16(1):17-22. View abstract.
58438
Williams, S. F., Alvarez, J. R., Pedro, H. F., and Apuzzio, J. J. Glutaric aciduria type II and narcolepsy in pregnancy. Obstet.Gynecol. 2008;111(2 Pt 2):522-524. View abstract.
58440
Young, P., Finn, B. C., Alvarez, F., Bruetman, J. E., and Trimarchi, H. [Valproate-associated hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Report of one case]. Rev.Med.Chil. 2007;135(11):1446-1449. View abstract.
58444
Smith, W. A., Fry, A. C., Tschume, L. C., and Bloomer, R. J. Effect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance. Int.J Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2008;18(1):19-36. View abstract.
58447
Hsieh, C. T., Hwu, W. L., Huang, Y. T., Huang, A. C., Wang, S. F., Hu, M. H., and Chien, Y. H. Early detection of glutaric aciduria type I by newborn screening in Taiwan. J Formos.Med.Assoc. 2008;107(2):139-144. View abstract.
58450
Sugino, T., Aoyagi, S., Shirai, T., Kajimoto, Y., and Kajimoto, O. Effects of Citric Acid and l-Carnitine on Physical Fatigue. J Clin Biochem.Nutr. 2007;41(3):224-230. View abstract.
58451
Arnold, L. E., Amato, A., Bozzolo, H., Hollway, J., Cook, A., Ramadan, Y., Crowl, L., Zhang, D., Thompson, S., Testa, G., Kliewer, V., Wigal, T., McBurnett, K., and Manos, M. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a multi-site, placebo-controlled pilot trial. J Child Adolesc.Psychopharmacol. 2007;17(6):791-802. View abstract.
58453
Andreozzi, G. M., Leone, A., Laudani, R., Martin, R., Deinit, G., and Cataldi, V. Levo-propionyl-carnitine improves the effectiveness of supervised physical training on the absolute claudication distance in patients with intermittent claudication. Angiology 2008;59(1):84-89. View abstract.
58455
Tanner, L. M., Nanto-Salonen, K., Rashed, M. S., Kotilainen, S., Aalto, M., Venetoklis, J., Niinikoski, H., Huoponen, K., and Simell, O. Carnitine deficiency and L-carnitine supplementation in lysinuric protein intolerance. Metabolism 2008;57(4):549-554. View abstract.
58458
Jones, S., Reed, C. A., Vijay, S., Walter, J. H., and Morris, A. A. N-carbamylglutamate for neonatal hyperammonaemia in propionic acidaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31 Suppl 2:S219-S222. View abstract.
58459
Zhang, J. M., Gu, X. F., Shao, X. H., Song, X. Q., Han, L. S., Ye, J., Qiu, W. J., Gao, X. L., Wang, Y., and Wang, M. X. [Values of tandem mass spectrometry in etiologic diagnosis of cerebral developmental retardation]. Zhonghua Er.Ke.Za Zhi. 2007;45(12):932-936. View abstract.
58460
Bjornsson, E. Hepatotoxicity associated with antiepileptic drugs. Acta Neurol.Scand. 2008;118(5):281-290. View abstract.
58462
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Cristaldi, E., Vacante, M., Risino, C., Cammalleri, L., Pennisi, G., and Rampello, L. Acetyl-L-carnitine treatment in minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Dig.Dis Sci 2008;53(11):3018-3025. View abstract.
58463
Jung, J., Eo, E., and Ahn, K. O. A case of hemoperfusion and L-carnitine management in valproic acid overdose. Am.J Emerg.Med. 2008;26(3):388-4. View abstract.
58465
Grandis, D. D. Tolerability and efficacy of L-acetylcarnitine in patients with peripheral neuropathies: a short-term, open multicentre study. Clin Drug Investig. 1998;15(2):73-79. View abstract.
58466
Chan, Y. C., Tse, M. L., and Lau, F. L. Two cases of valproic acid poisoning treated with L-carnitine. Hum.Exp.Toxicol. 2007;26(12):967-969. View abstract.
58467
Fenkci, S. M., Fenkci, V., Oztekin, O., Rota, S., and Karagenc, N. Serum total L-carnitine levels in non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum.Reprod. 2008;23(7):1602-1606. View abstract.
58469
Cheng, H. J. and Chen, T. [Clinical efficacy of combined L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine on idiopathic asthenospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2008;14(2):149-151. View abstract.
58471
Eroglu, H., Senel, O., and Guzel, N. A. Effects of acute L-carnitine intake on metabolic and blood lactate levels of elite badminton players. Neuro.Endocrinol.Lett. 2008;29(2):261-266. View abstract.
58472
Pacheco, A., Torres, R., Sanhueza, M. E., Elgueta, L., Segovia, E., and Cano, M. [Study of aerobic capacity in chronic hemodialized patients: effect of L-carnitine supplementation]. Med.Clin (Barc.) 4-5-2008;130(12):441-445. View abstract.
58473
Boneh, A., Beauchamp, M., Humphrey, M., Watkins, J., Peters, H., and Yaplito-Lee, J. Newborn screening for glutaric aciduria type I in Victoria: treatment and outcome. Mol.Genet.Metab 2008;94(3):287-291. View abstract.
58475
Fujiwara, M., Nakano, T., Tamoto, S., Yamada, Y., Fukai, M., Takada, K., Ashida, H., Shimada, T., Ishihara, T., and Seki, I. [Effect of L-carnitine in patients with ischemic heart disease]. J Cardiol 1991;21(2):493-504. View abstract.
58478
Fan, J. P., Kim, H. S., and Han, G. D. Induction of apoptosis by L-carnitine through regulation of two main pathways in Hepa1c1c 7 cells. Amino.Acids 2009;36(2):365-372. View abstract.
58482
Soczynska, J. K., Kennedy, S. H., Chow, C. S., Woldeyohannes, H. O., Konarski, J. Z., and McIntyre, R. S. Acetyl-L-carnitine and alpha-lipoic acid: possible neurotherapeutic agents for mood disorders? Expert.Opin.Investig.Drugs 2008;17(6):827-843. View abstract.
58486
Allegra, C., Antignani, P. L., Schachter, I., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Virmani, A. Propionyl-L-carnitine in Leriche-Fontaine stage II peripheral arterial obstructive disease. Ann.Vasc.Surg. 2008;22(4):552-558. View abstract.
58487
Sakurabayashi, T., Miyazaki, S., Yuasa, Y., Sakai, S., Suzuki, M., Takahashi, S., and Hirasawa, Y. L-carnitine supplementation decreases the left ventricular mass in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Circ.J 2008;72(6):926-931. View abstract.
58488
Riccioni, C., Sarcinella, R., Palermo, G., Izzo, A., Liguori, M., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Virmani, A. Evaluation of the efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine versus pulsed muscular compressions in diabetic and non-diabetic patients affected by obliterating arteriopathy Leriche stage II. Int.Angiol. 2008;27(3):253-259. View abstract.
58491
Hooshmand, S., Balakrishnan, A., Clark, R. M., Owen, K. Q., Koo, S. I., and Arjmandi, B. H. Dietary l-carnitine supplementation improves bone mineral density by suppressing bone turnover in aged ovariectomized rats. Phytomedicine. 2008;15(8):595-601. View abstract.
58492
Spiering, B. A., Kraemer, W. J., Hatfield, D. L., Vingren, J. L., Fragala, M. S., Ho, J. Y., Thomas, G. A., Hakkinen, K., and Volek, J. S. Effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on muscle oxygenation responses to resistance exercise. J Strength.Cond.Res. 2008;22(4):1130-1135. View abstract.
58493
Zwickler, T., Lindner, M., Aydin, H. I., Baumgartner, M. R., Bodamer, O. A., Burlina, A. B., Das, A. M., DeKlerk, J. B., Gokcay, G., Grunewald, S., Guffon, N., Maier, E. M., Morava, E., Geb, S., Schwahn, B., Walter, J. H., Wendel, U., Wijburg, F. A., Muller, E., Kolker, S., and Horster, F. Diagnostic work-up and management of patients with isolated methylmalonic acidurias in European metabolic centres. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31(3):361-367. View abstract.
58494
Dutta, A., Ray, K., Singh, V. K., Vats, P., Singh, S. N., and Singh, S. B. L-carnitine supplementation attenuates intermittent hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and delays muscle fatigue in rats. Exp.Physiol 2008;93(10):1139-1146. View abstract.
58498
Block, K. I., Koch, A. C., Mead, M. N., Tothy, P. K., Newman, R. A., and Gyllenhaal, C. Impact of antioxidant supplementation on chemotherapeutic toxicity: a systematic review of the evidence from randomized controlled trials. Int.J Cancer 9-15-2008;123(6):1227-1239. View abstract.
58502
El Beshlawy, A., Mohtar, G., Abd El, Ghafar E., Abd El Dayem, S. M., El Sayed, M. H., Aly, A. A., and Farok, M. Assessment of puberty in relation to L-carnitine and hormonal replacement therapy in beta-thalassemic patients. J Trop.Pediatr. 2008;54(6):375-381. View abstract.
58507
Bijarnia, S., Wiley, V., Carpenter, K., Christodoulou, J., Ellaway, C. J., and Wilcken, B. Glutaric aciduria type I: outcome following detection by newborn screening. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31(4):503-507. View abstract.
58511
Lynch, K. E., Feldman, H. I., Berlin, J. A., Flory, J., Rowan, C. G., and Brunelli, S. M. Effects of L-carnitine on dialysis-related hypotension and muscle cramps: a meta-analysis. Am.J Kidney Dis 2008;52(5):962-971. View abstract.
58514
Gonzalez-Ortiz, M., Hernandez-Gonzalez, S. O., Hernandez-Salazar, E., and Martinez-Abundis, E. Effect of oral L-carnitine administration on insulin sensitivity and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Ann.Nutr.Metab 2008;52(4):335-338. View abstract.
58517
Horvath, G. A., Davidson, A. G., Stockler-Ipsiroglu, S. G., Lillquist, Y. P., Waters, P. J., Olpin, S., Andresen, B. S., Palaty, J., Nelson, J., and Vallance, H. Newborn screening for MCAD deficiency: experience of the first three years in British Columbia, Canada. Can.J Public Health 2008;99(4):276-280. View abstract.
58519
Miguel-Carrasco, J. L., Mate, A., Monserrat, M. T., Arias, J. L., Aramburu, O., and Vazquez, C. M. The role of inflammatory markers in the cardioprotective effect of L-carnitine in L-NAME-induced hypertension. Am.J Hypertens. 2008;21(11):1231-1237. View abstract.
58522
Pittler, M. H. and Ernst, E. Complementary therapies for neuropathic and neuralgic pain: systematic review. Clin J Pain 2008;24(8):731-733. View abstract.
58523
Cruciani, R. A., Dvorkin, E., Homel, P., Culliney, B., Malamud, S., Lapin, J., Portenoy, R. K., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. L-carnitine supplementation in patients with advanced cancer and carnitine deficiency: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Pain Symptom.Manage. 2009;37(4):622-631. View abstract.
58532
Evans, J. D., Jacobs, T. F., and Evans, E. W. Role of acetyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Ann.Pharmacother. 2008;42(11):1686-1691. View abstract.
58535
Weigel, C., Kiener, C., Meier, N., Schmid, P., Rauh, M., Rascher, W., and Knerr, I. Carnitine status in early-treated children, adolescents and young adults with phenylketonuria on low phenylalanine diets. Ann.Nutr.Metab 2008;53(2):91-95. View abstract.
58536
Bernard, A., Rigault, C., Mazue, F., Le, Borgne F., and Demarquoy, J. L-carnitine supplementation and physical exercise restore age-associated decline in some mitochondrial functions in the rat. J Gerontol.A Biol.Sci Med.Sci 2008;63(10):1027-1033. View abstract.
58537
Uppin, M. S., Sundaram, C., Meena, A. K., Reddy, K. M., Reddy, K. K., Vanniarajan, A., and Thangaraj, K. Lipid storage myopathies with unusual clinical manifestations. Neurol.India 2008;56(3):391-393. View abstract.
58538
Janiri, L., Martinotti, G., Tonioni, F., Ghelardini, C., Nicolai, R., Galeotti, N., Mosconi, L., Calvani, M., Bartolini, A., and Iannoni, E. Acetyl-L-carnitine in the management of pain during methadone withdrawal syndrome. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2009;32(1):35-40. View abstract.
58542
Volek, J. S., Judelson, D. A., Silvestre, R., Yamamoto, L. M., Spiering, B. A., Hatfield, D. L., Vingren, J. L., Quann, E. E., Anderson, J. M., Maresh, C. M., and Kraemer, W. J. Effects of carnitine supplementation on flow-mediated dilation and vascular inflammatory responses to a high-fat meal in healthy young adults. Am.J Cardiol. 11-15-2008;102(10):1413-1417. View abstract.
58553
Chan, A., Paskavitz, J., Remington, R., Rasmussen, S., and Shea, T. B. Efficacy of a vitamin/nutriceutical formulation for early-stage Alzheimer's disease: a 1-year, open-label pilot study with an 16-month caregiver extension. Am.J Alzheimers.Dis Other Demen. 12-20-2008;23(6):571-585. View abstract.
58554
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Avitabile, T., Malaguarnera, M., Cammalleri, L., and Motta, M. L-Carnitine supplementation reduces oxidized LDL cholesterol in patients with diabetes. Am J Clin.Nutr 2009;89(1):71-76. View abstract.
58555
Remington, R., Chan, A., Paskavitz, J., and Shea, T. B. Efficacy of a vitamin/nutriceutical formulation for moderate-stage to later-stage Alzheimer's disease: a placebo-controlled pilot study. Am.J Alzheimers.Dis Other Demen. 2009;24(1):27-33. View abstract.
58556
El-Beshlawy, A., Youssry, I., El-Saidi, S., El, Accaoui R., Mansi, Y., Makhlouf, A., and Taher, A. Pulmonary hypertension in beta-thalassemia major and the role of L-carnitine therapy. Pediatr.Hematol.Oncol. 2008;25(8):734-743. View abstract.
58558
Ye, J., Li, C. J., and Liu, J. H. [A clinical analysis of methylmalonic acidemia in adolescents]. Zhonghua Nei Ke.Za Zhi. 2008;47(10):823-825. View abstract.
58559
Jing, L., Li, W. M., Zhou, L. J., and Song, J. [L-carnitine and cardiac metabolism and remodeling indices in alcoholic cardiomyopathy]. Zhonghua Nei Ke.Za Zhi. 2008;47(11):934-937. View abstract.
58562
Bonilla, Guerrero R., Wolfe, L. A., Payne, N., Tortorelli, S., Matern, D., Rinaldo, P., Gavrilov, D., Melan, M., He, M., Steinberg, S. J., Raymond, G. V., Vockley, J., and Gibson, K. M. Essential fatty acid profiling for routine nutritional assessment unmasks adrenoleukodystrophy in an infant with isovaleric acidaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31 Suppl 2:S453-S456. View abstract.
58574
Asilsoy, S., Bekem, O., Karaman, O., Uzuner, N., and Kavukcu, S. Serum total and free carnitine levels in children with asthma. World J Pediatr. 2009;5(1):60-62. View abstract.
58575
Fortin, G., Yurchenko, K., Collette, C., Rubio, M., Villani, A. C., Bitton, A., Sarfati, M., and Franchimont, D. L-carnitine, a diet component and organic cation transporter OCTN ligand, displays immunosuppressive properties and abrogates intestinal inflammation. Clin Exp.Immunol. 2009;156(1):161-171. View abstract.
58576
Cao, Y., Wang, Y. X., Liu, C. J., Wang, L. X., Han, Z. W., and Wang, C. B. Comparison of pharmacokinetics of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine after single oral administration of L-carnitine in healthy volunteers. Clin Invest Med. 2009;32(1):E13-E19. View abstract.
58579
Valcour, V., Yeh, T. M., Bartt, R., Clifford, D., Gerschenson, M., Evans, S. R., Cohen, B. A., Ebenezer, G. J., Hauer, P., Millar, L., Gould, M., Tran, P., Shikuma, C., Souza, S., and McArthur, J. C. Acetyl-l-carnitine and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-associated neuropathy in HIV infection. HIV.Med. 2009;10(2):103-110. View abstract.
58583
Arenas, J., Ricoy, J. R., Encinas, A. R., Pola, P., D'Iddio, S., Zeviani, M., Didonato, S., and Corsi, M. Carnitine in muscle, serum, and urine of nonprofessional athletes: effects of physical exercise, training, and L-carnitine administration. Muscle Nerve 1991;14(7):598-604. View abstract.
58588
Seo, J. T., Kim, K. T., Moon, M. H., and Kim, W. T. The significance of microsurgical varicocelectomy in the treatment of subclinical varicocele. Fertil.Steril. 2010;93(6):1907-1910. View abstract.
58589
Liang, W. C., Ohkuma, A., Hayashi, Y. K., Lopez, L. C., Hirano, M., Nonaka, I., Noguchi, S., Chen, L. H., Jong, Y. J., and Nishino, I. ETFDH mutations, CoQ10 levels, and respiratory chain activities in patients with riboflavin-responsive multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Neuromuscul.Disord. 2009;19(3):212-216. View abstract.
58605
Jacobs, P. L., Goldstein, E. R., Blackburn, W., Orem, I., and Hughes, J. J. Glycine propionyl-L-carnitine produces enhanced anaerobic work capacity with reduced lactate accumulation in resistance trained males. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2009;6:9. View abstract.
58607
Malaguarnera, M., Risino, C., Cammalleri, L., Malaguarnera, L., Astuto, M., Vecchio, I., and Rampello, L. Branched chain amino acids supplemented with L-acetylcarnitine versus BCAA treatment in hepatic coma: a randomized and controlled double blind study. Eur.J Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2009;21(7):762-770. View abstract.
58608
de Lira-Garcia, C., Souto-Gallardo, M., Bacardi-Gascon, M., and Jimenez-Cruz, A. [A systematic review of the effectiveness of alternative weight-loss products' ingredients]. Rev.Salud Publica (Bogota.) 2008;10(5):818-830. View abstract.
58610
Schoffski, P., Guillem, V., Garcia, M., Rivera, F., Tabernero, J., Cullell, M., Lopez-Martin, J. A., Pollard, P., Dumez, H., del Muro, X. G., and Paz-Ares, L. Phase II randomized study of Plitidepsin (Aplidin), alone or in association with L-carnitine, in patients with unresectable advanced renal cell carcinoma. Mar.Drugs 2009;7(1):57-70. View abstract.
58611
Nasser, M., Javaheri, H., Fedorowicz, Z., and Noorani, Z. Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2009;(2):CD006659. View abstract.
58614
Spiekerkoetter, U., Lindner, M., Santer, R., Grotzke, M., Baumgartner, M. R., Boehles, H., Das, A., Haase, C., Hennermann, J. B., Karall, D., de, Klerk H., Knerr, I., Koch, H. G., Plecko, B., Roschinger, W., Schwab, K. O., Scheible, D., Wijburg, F. A., Zschocke, J., Mayatepek, E., and Wendel, U. Management and outcome in 75 individuals with long-chain fatty acid oxidation defects: results from a workshop. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2009;32(4):488-497. View abstract.
58615
Sharifi, A. M., Zare, B., Keshavarz, M., and Ghaderpanahi, M. Effect of short term treatment of L-carnitine on tissue ACE activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Pathophysiology. 2009;16(1):53-56. View abstract.
58617
Socha, P., Horvath, A., Vajro, P., Dziechciarz, P., Dhawan, A., and Szajewska, H. Pharmacological interventions for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adults and in children: a systematic review. J Pediatr.Gastroenterol.Nutr. 2009;48(5):587-596. View abstract.
58622
Merchant, R., Jain, A., Udani, A., Puri, V., and Kotian, M. L-carnitine in beta thalassemia. Indian Pediatr. 2010;47(2):165-167. View abstract.
58625
Chao, H. H., Chen, C. H., Liu, J. C., Lin, J. W., Wong, K. L., and Cheng, T. H. L-Carnitine attenuates angiotensin II-induced proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts: role of NADPH oxidase inhibition and decreased sphingosine-1-phosphate generation. J Nutr.Biochem. 2010;21(7):580-588. View abstract.
58636
Milio, G., Novo, G., Genova, C., Luigi, Almasio P., Novo, S., and Pinto, A. Pharmacological treatment of patients with chronic critical limb ischemia: L-propionyl-carnitine enhances the short-term effects of PGE-1. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2009;23(4):301-306. View abstract.
58644
Maillart, E., Acquaviva-Bourdain, C., Rigal, O., Brivet, M., Jardel, C., Lombes, A., Eymard, B., Vianey-Saban, C., and Laforet, P. [Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD): a curable cause of genetic muscular lipidosis]. Rev.Neurol.(Paris) 2010;166(3):289-294. View abstract.
58646
Benedini, S., Perseghin, G., Terruzzi, I., Scifo, P., Invernizzi, P. L., Del, Maschio A., Lazzarin, A., and Luzi, L. Effect of L-acetylcarnitine on body composition in HIV-related lipodystrophy. Horm.Metab Res. 2009;41(11):840-845. View abstract.
58647
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Motta, M., Malaguarnera, M., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. Effect of L-carnitine on the size of low-density lipoprotein particles in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients treated with simvastatin. Metabolism 2009;58(11):1618-1623. View abstract.
58649
Galvano, F., Li, Volti G., Malaguarnera, M., Avitabile, T., Antic, T., Vacante, M., and Malaguarnera, M. Effects of simvastatin and carnitine versus simvastatin on lipoprotein(a) and apoprotein(a) in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Expert.Opin.Pharmacother. 2009;10(12):1875-1882. View abstract.
58650
Roy, M. J., Dionne, S., Marx, G., Qureshi, I., Sarma, D., Levy, E., and Seidman, E. G. In vitro studies on the inhibition of colon cancer by butyrate and carnitine. Nutrition 2009;25(11-12):1193-1201. View abstract.
58651
Ruggenenti, P., Cattaneo, D., Loriga, G., Ledda, F., Motterlini, N., Gherardi, G., Orisio, S., and Remuzzi, G. Ameliorating hypertension and insulin resistance in subjects at increased cardiovascular risk: effects of acetyl-L-carnitine therapy. Hypertension 2009;54(3):567-574. View abstract.
58661
Le Tourneau, C., Faivre, S., Ciruelos, E., Dominguez, M. J., Lopez-Martin, J. A., Izquierdo, M. A., Jimeno, J., and Raymond, E. Reports of clinical benefit of plitidepsin (Aplidine), a new marine-derived anticancer agent, in patients with advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma. Am.J Clin Oncol. 2010;33(2):132-136. View abstract.
58664
Alvarez, T. M., Guardiola, P. D., Roldan, J. O., Elviro, R., Wevers, R., and Guijarro, G. [Primary trimethylaminuria: the fish odor syndrome]. Endocrinol.Nutr. 2009;56(6):337-340. View abstract.
58665
Augustyniak, A., Stankiewicz, A., and Skrzydlewska, E. The Influence of L-Carnitine on Oxidative Modification of LDL In Vitro. Toxicol.Mech.Methods 2008;18(6):455-462. View abstract.
58667
Head, E., Nukala, V. N., Fenoglio, K. A., Muggenburg, B. A., Cotman, C. W., and Sullivan, P. G. Effects of age, dietary, and behavioral enrichment on brain mitochondria in a canine model of human aging. Exp.Neurol. 2009;220(1):171-176. View abstract.
58676
Zhang, W., Miao, J., Zhang, G., Liu, R., Zhang, D., Wan, Q., Yu, Y., Zhao, G., and Li, Z. Muscle carnitine deficiency: adult onset lipid storage myopathy with sensory neuropathy. Neurol.Sci 2010;31(1):61-64. View abstract.
58677
Ishii, K., Komaki, H., Ohkuma, A., Nishino, I., Nonaka, I., and Sasaki, M. Central nervous system and muscle involvement in an adolescent patient with riboflavin-responsive multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Brain Dev. 2010;32(8):669-672. View abstract.
58679
Karimi, M., Mohammadi, F., Behmanesh, F., Samani, S. M., Borzouee, M., Amoozgar, H., and Haghpanah, S. Effect of combination therapy of hydroxyurea with l-carnitine and magnesium chloride on hematologic parameters and cardiac function of patients with beta-thalassemia intermedia. Eur.J Haematol. 1-1-2010;84(1):52-58. View abstract.
58682
Park, H. D., Kim, S. R., Ki, C. S., Lee, S. Y., Chang, Y. S., Jin, D. K., and Park, W. S. Two novel HADHB gene mutations in a Korean patient with mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency. Ann.Clin Lab Sci 2009;39(4):399-404. View abstract.
58685
Rossignol, D. A. Novel and emerging treatments for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Ann.Clin Psychiatry 2009;21(4):213-236. View abstract.
58690
Auinger, K., Muller, V., Rudiger, A., and Maggiorini, M. Valproic acid intoxication imitating brain death. Am.J Emerg.Med. 2009;27(9):1177-6. View abstract.
58692
Arbeiter, A. K., Kranz, B., Wingen, A. M., Bonzel, K. E., Dohna-Schwake, C., Hanssler, L., Neudorf, U., Hoyer, P. F., and Buscher, R. Continuous venovenous haemodialysis (CVVHD) and continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) in the acute management of 21 children with inborn errors of metabolism. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2010;25(4):1257-1265. View abstract.
58696
Guan, Y., Zheng, X. M., Yang, Z. W., and Li, S. W. [Protective effects of L-carnitine upon testicular ischemia-reperfusion damage in rats]. Zhonghua Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 7-14-2009;89(26):1858-1861. View abstract.
58697
Karanth, J. and Jeevaratnam, K. Effect of dietary lipid, carnitine and exercise on lipid profile in rat blood, liver and muscle. Indian J Exp.Biol. 2009;47(9):748-753. View abstract.
58699
Muniyappa, R. Oral carnitine therapy and insulin resistance. Hypertension 2010;55(2):e13. View abstract.
58701
Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Mancuso, C., Lentile, R., Stella, A. M., and Butterfield, D. A. Redox homeostasis and cellular stress response in aging and neurodegeneration. Methods Mol.Biol. 2010;610:285-308. View abstract.
58703
Pollard, L. M., Williams, N. R., Espinoza, L., Wood, T. C., Spector, E. B., Schroer, R. J., and Holden, K. R. Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outcomes of late-onset (type III) multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. J Child Neurol. 2010;25(8):954-960. View abstract.
58708
O'Brien, D., Chunduri, P., Iyer, A., and Brown, L. L-carnitine attenuates cardiac remodelling rather than vascular remodelling in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2010;106(4):296-301. View abstract.
58709
Ho, J. Y., Kraemer, W. J., Volek, J. S., Fragala, M. S., Thomas, G. A., Dunn-Lewis, C., Coday, M., Hakkinen, K., and Maresh, C. M. l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women. Metabolism 2010;59(8):1190-1199. View abstract.
58715
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Russo, C., Antic, T., Vacante, M., Malaguarnera, M., Avitabile, T., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. L-carnitine supplementation to diet: a new tool in treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis--a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Am.J Gastroenterol. 2010;105(6):1338-1345. View abstract.
58717
Lee, N. C., Tang, N. L., Chien, Y. H., Chen, C. A., Lin, S. J., Chiu, P. C., Huang, A. C., and Hwu, W. L. Diagnoses of newborns and mothers with carnitine uptake defects through newborn screening. Mol.Genet.Metab 2010;100(1):46-50. View abstract.
58722
Sarafoglou, K., Tridgell, A. H., Bentler, K., Redlinger-Grosse, K., Berry, S. A., and Schimmenti, L. A. Cardiac conduction improvement in two heterozygotes for primary carnitine deficiency on L-carnitine supplementation. Clin Genet. 2010;78(2):191-194. View abstract.
58723
Cuturic, M., Abramson, R. K., Moran, R. R., and Hardin, J. W. Clinical outcomes and low-dose levocarnitine supplementation in psychiatric inpatients with documented hypocarnitinemia: a retrospective chart review. J Psychiatr.Pract. 2010;16(1):5-14. View abstract.
58724
Ribas, G. S., Manfredini, V., de Mari, J. F., Wayhs, C. Y., Vanzin, C. S., Biancini, G. B., Sitta, A., Deon, M., Wajner, M., and Vargas, C. R. Reduction of lipid and protein damage in patients with disorders of propionate metabolism under treatment: a possible protective role of L-carnitine supplementation. Int.J Dev.Neurosci. 2010;28(2):127-132. View abstract.
58731
Mantovani, G., Maccio, A., Madeddu, C., Serpe, R., Massa, E., Dessi, M., Panzone, F., and Contu, P. Randomized phase III clinical trial of five different arms of treatment in 332 patients with cancer cachexia. Oncologist. 2010;15(2):200-211. View abstract.
58733
Bohmer, T., Boen, A., and Hoymork, S. C. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy, rapidly improved by i.v. carnitine and glucose/thiamine. Scand.J Gastroenterol. 2010;45(6):762-763. View abstract.
58734
Tejani, A. M., Wasdell, M., Spiwak, R., Rowell, G., and Nathwani, S. Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2010;(2):CD007280. View abstract.
58736
Siami, G., Clinton, M. E., Mrak, R., Griffis, J., and Stone, W. Evaluation of the effect of intravenous L-carnitine therapy on function, structure and fatty acid metabolism of skeletal muscle in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. Nephron 1991;57(3):306-313. View abstract.
58738
Dimitriadis, F., Tsambalas, S., Tsounapi, P., Kawamura, H., Vlachopoulou, E., Haliasos, N., Gratsias, S., Watanabe, T., Saito, M., Miyagawa, I., and Sofikitis, N. Effects of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors on Leydig cell secretory function in oligoasthenospermic infertile men: a randomized trial. BJU.Int. 2010;106(8):1181-1185. View abstract.
58739
Chan, A., Remington, R., Kotyla, E., Lepore, A., Zemianek, J., and Shea, T. B. A vitamin/nutriceutical formulation improves memory and cognitive performance in community-dwelling adults without dementia. J.Nutr.Health Aging 2010;14(3):224-230. View abstract.
58741
Porter, N. S., Jason, L. A., Boulton, A., Bothne, N., and Coleman, B. Alternative medical interventions used in the treatment and management of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. J.Altern.Complement Med. 2010;16(3):235-249. View abstract.
58743
Bavbek, N., Akay, H., Uz, B., Uz, E., Turgut, F., Kanbay, M., Senes, M., Akcay, A., and Duranay, M. The effects of L-carnitine therapy on respiratory function tests in chronic hemodialysis patients. Ren Fail. 2010;32(2):157-161. View abstract.
58748
Bloomer, R. J., Tschume, L. C., and Smith, W. A. Glycine propionyl-L-carnitine modulates lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide in human subjects. Int.J Vitam.Nutr.Res. 2009;79(3):131-141. View abstract.
58750
Baker, S. K. and Lipson, D. M. Vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy in a neonate with congenital acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr.Hematol.Oncol. 2010;32(3):e114-e117. View abstract.
58751
Fatouros, I. G., Douroudos, I., Panagoutsos, S., Pasadakis, P., Nikolaidis, M. G., Chatzinikolaou, A., Sovatzidis, A., Michailidis, Y., Jamurtas, A. Z., Mandalidis, D., Taxildaris, K., and Vargemezis, V. Effects of L-carnitine on oxidative stress responses in patients with renal disease. Med.Sci Sports Exerc. 2010;42(10):1809-1818. View abstract.
58754
Crentsil, V. Mechanistic contribution of carnitine deficiency to geriatric frailty. Ageing Res.Rev. 2010;9(3):265-268. View abstract.
58757
DiMauro, S. and Hirano, M. Mitochondrial DNA Deletion Syndromes. In: Pagon, R. A., Bird, T. D., Dolan, C. R., Stephens, K., and Adam, M. P. GeneReviews [Internet]. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, Seattle;1993. View abstract.
58765
Abd-Allah, A. R., Helal, G. K., Al-Yahya, A. A., Aleisa, A. M., Al-Rejaie, S. S., and Al-Bakheet, S. A. Pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways which compromise sperm motility and survival may be altered by L-carnitine. Oxid.Med.Cell Longev. 2009;2(2):73-81. View abstract.
58766
Pesce, V., Fracasso, F., Cassano, P., Lezza, A. M., Cantatore, P., and Gadaleta, M. N. Acetyl-L-carnitine supplementation to old rats partially reverts the age-related mitochondrial decay of soleus muscle by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha-dependent mitochondrial biogenesis. Rejuvenation.Res. 2010;13(2-3):148-151. View abstract.
58768
Ross, C., Morriss, A., Khairy, M., Khalaf, Y., Braude, P., Coomarasamy, A., and El-Toukhy, T. A systematic review of the effect of oral antioxidants on male infertility. Reprod.Biomed.Online. 2010;20(6):711-723. View abstract.
58771
Xu XQ, Jing ZC, Jiang X, et al. [Clinical efficacy of intravenous L-carnitine in patients with right-sided heart failure induced by pulmonary arterial hypertension]. Zhonghua Xin.Xue.Guan.Bing.Za Zhi. 2010;38:152-5. View abstract.
58774
Genazzani, A. D., Lanzoni, C., Ricchieri, F., Santagni, S., Rattighieri, E., Chierchia, E., Monteleone, P., and Jasonni, V. M. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) administration positively affects reproductive axis in hypogonadotropic women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea. J Endocrinol.Invest 2011;34(4):287-291. View abstract.
58775
Faria, C. C., Mota, J. F., Paula Ravagnani, F. C., and Burini, R. C. [The supplementation of L-carnitine does not promote alterations in the resting metabolic rate and in the use of energetic substrates in physically active individuals]. Arq Bras.Endocrinol.Metabol. 2010;54(1):37-44. View abstract.
58778
Derosa, G., Maffioli, P., Salvadeo, S. A., Ferrari, I., Gravina, A., Mereu, R., D'Angelo, A., Palumbo, I., Randazzo, S., and Cicero, A. F. Effects of combination of sibutramine and L-carnitine compared with sibutramine monotherapy on inflammatory parameters in diabetic patients. Metabolism 2011;60(3):421-429. View abstract.
58780
Sabry, A. A. The role of oral L-carnitine therapy in chronic hemodialysis patients. Saudi.J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010;21(3):454-459. View abstract.
58781
Soyucen, E., Demirci, E., and Aydin, A. Outpatient treatment of propionic acidemia-associated hyperammonemia with N-carbamoyl-L-glutamate in an infant. Clin Ther 2010;32(4):710-713. View abstract.
58792
Bloomer, R. J., Farney, T. M., Trepanowski, J. F., McCarthy, C. G., Canale, R. E., and Schilling, B. K. Comparison of pre-workout nitric oxide stimulating dietary supplements on skeletal muscle oxygen saturation, blood nitrate/nitrite, lipid peroxidation, and upper body exercise performance in resistance trained men. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2010;7:16. View abstract.
58793
Molfino, A., Cascino, A., Conte, C., Ramaccini, C., Rossi, Fanelli F., and Laviano, A. Caloric restriction and L-carnitine administration improves insulin sensitivity in patients with impaired glucose metabolism. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 2010;34(3):295-299. View abstract.
58795
Mantovani, G. Randomised phase III clinical trial of 5 different arms of treatment on 332 patients with cancer cachexia. Eur.Rev.Med.Pharmacol Sci 2010;14(4):292-301. View abstract.
58796
Mate, A., Miguel-Carrasco, J. L., Monserrat, M. T., and Vazquez, C. M. Systemic antioxidant properties of L-carnitine in two different models of arterial hypertension. J Physiol Biochem. 2010;66(2):127-136. View abstract.
58800
Seong, S. H., Cho, S. C., Park, Y., and Cha, Y. S. L-carnitine-supplemented parenteral nutrition improves fat metabolism but fails to support compensatory growth in premature Korean infants. Nutr.Res. 2010;30(4):233-239. View abstract.
58804
Footitt, E. J., Stafford, J., Dixon, M., Burch, M., Jakobs, C., Salomons, G. S., and Cleary, M. A. Use of a long-chain triglyceride-restricted/medium-chain triglyceride-supplemented diet in a case of malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency with cardiomyopathy. J Inherit.Metab Dis 6-15-2010; View abstract.
58808
Lim, C. Y., Jun, D. W., Jang, S. S., Cho, W. K., Chae, J. D., and Jun, J. H. Effects of carnitine on peripheral blood mitochondrial DNA copy number and liver function in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2010;55(6):384-389. View abstract.
58809
Musso, G., Gambino, R., Cassader, M., and Pagano, G. A meta-analysis of randomized trials for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology 2010;52(1):79-104. View abstract.
58810
Perrott, J., Murphy, N. G., and Zed, P. J. L-carnitine for acute valproic acid overdose: a systematic review of published cases. Ann.Pharmacother. 2010;44(7-8):1287-1293. View abstract.
58813
Martinotti, G., Reina, D., Di, Nicola M., Andreoli, S., Tedeschi, D., Ortolani, I., Pozzi, G., Iannoni, E., D'Iddio, S., and Janiri, L. Acetyl-L-carnitine for alcohol craving and relapse prevention in anhedonic alcoholics: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial. Alcohol Alcohol 2010;45(5):449-455. View abstract.
58816
Shi, J. Z., Zhang, S. S., Zhang, Z., Liang, Q., Shi, Y., Hua, J. L., and Sun, T. [Expressions of sperm-specific genes in carnitine-cultured testis sperm of obstructive azoospermia patients]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2010;16(6):504-509. View abstract.
58824
Serati AR, Motamedi MR, Emami S, et al. L-carnitine treatment in patients with mild diastolic heart failure is associated with improvement in diastolic function and symptoms. Cardiology 2010;116:178-82. View abstract.
58827
Csiky, B., Nyul, Z., Toth, G., Wittmann, I., Melegh, B., Rauh, M., Rascher, W., and Sulyok, E. L-carnitine supplementation and adipokines in patients with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis. Exp.Clin Endocrinol.Diabetes 2010;118(10):735-740. View abstract.
58830
Derosa, G., Maffioli, P., Ferrari, I., D'Angelo, A., Fogari, E., Palumbo, I., Randazzo, S., and Cicero, A. F. Orlistat and L-carnitine compared to orlistat alone on insulin resistance in obese diabetic patients. Endocr.J 2010;57(9):777-786. View abstract.
58831
Wang, Y. X., Yang, S. W., Qu, C. B., Huo, H. X., Li, W., Li, J. D., Chang, X. L., and Cai, G. Z. [L-carnitine: safe and effective for asthenozoospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2010;16(5):420-422. View abstract.
58834
Laforet, P. and Vianey-Saban, C. Disorders of muscle lipid metabolism: diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Neuromuscul.Disord. 2010;20(11):693-700. View abstract.
58836
Al-Sannaa, N. A. and Cheriyan, G. M. Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency. Clinical course of three Saudi children with a severe phenotype. Saudi.Med.J 2010;31(8):931-934. View abstract.
58837
Derosa, G., Maffioli, P., Salvadeo, S. A., Ferrari, I., Gravina, A., Mereu, R., D'Angelo, A., Palumbo, I., Randazzo, S., and Cicero, A. F. Sibutramine and L-carnitine compared to sibutramine alone on insulin resistance in diabetic patients. Intern.Med 2010;49(16):1717-1725. View abstract.
58840
Karanth, J. and Jeevaratnam, K. Effect of carnitine supplementation on mitochondrial enzymes in liver and skeletal muscle of rat after dietary lipid manipulation and physical activity. Indian J Exp.Biol. 2010;48(5):503-510. View abstract.
58841
Swoboda, K. J., Scott, C. B., Crawford, T. O., Simard, L. R., Reyna, S. P., Krosschell, K. J., Acsadi, G., Elsheik, B., Schroth, M. K., D'Anjou, G., LaSalle, B., Prior, T. W., Sorenson, S. L., Maczulski, J. A., Bromberg, M. B., Chan, G. M., and Kissel, J. T. SMA CARNI-VAL trial part I: double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of L-carnitine and valproic acid in spinal muscular atrophy. PLoS.One. 2010;5(8):e12140. View abstract.
58842
Shakeri, A., Tabibi, H., and Hedayati, M. Effects of L-carnitine supplement on serum inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, lipoprotein (a), and oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients with Lp (a) hyperlipoproteinemia. Hemodial.Int. 2010;14(4):498-504. View abstract.
58843
Bodea, F., Bocea, A., and Decea, N. [L-carnitine decreases oxidative stress induced by experimental hypobaric hypoxia]. Pediatr.Endocrinol.Diabetes Metab 2010;16(2):78-81. View abstract.
58844
Vivekanandan, S. and Nayak, S. D. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy enhanced by topiramate and phenobarbitone: a case report and an update. Ann.Indian Acad.Neurol. 2010;13(2):145-147. View abstract.
58845
Brunel-Guitton, C., Costa, T., Mitchell, G. A., and Lambert, M. Treatment of cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency during pregnancy. J Inherit.Metab Dis 9-10-2010; View abstract.
58846
Spiekerkoetter, U., Bastin, J., Gillingham, M., Morris, A., Wijburg, F., and Wilcken, B. Current issues regarding treatment of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation disorders. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2010;33(5):555-561. View abstract.
58849
Moradi, M., Moradi, A., Alemi, M., Ahmadnia, H., Abdi, H., Ahmadi, A., and Bazargan-Hejazi, S. Safety and efficacy of clomiphene citrate and L-carnitine in idiopathic male infertility: a comparative study. Urol.J 2010;7(3):188-193. View abstract.
58851
Hiatt, W. R., Creager, M. A., Amato, A., and Brass, E. P. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine on a background of monitored exercise in patients with claudication secondary to peripheral artery disease. J Cardiopulm.Rehabil.Prev. 2011;31(2):125-132. View abstract.
58852
Hakeshzadeh, F., Tabibi, H., Ahmadinejad, M., Malakoutian, T., and Hedayati, M. Effects of L-Carnitine supplement on plasma coagulation and anticoagulation factors in hemodialysis patients. Ren Fail. 2010;32(9):1109-1114. View abstract.
58854
De Pasquale, B., Righetti, G., and Menotti, A. [L-carnitine for the treatment of acute myocardial infarct]. Cardiologia 1990;35(7):591-596. View abstract.
58864
Riccioni, C., Sarcinella, R., Izzo, A., Palermo, G., Liguori, M., Caliumi, C., Carloni, E., Paolucci, A. M., D'andrea, P., and Pompili, S. Rehabilitative treatment in peripheral artery disease: protocol application and follow-up. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2010;58(5):551-565. View abstract.
58869
Jacobs, P. L. and Goldstein, E. R. Long-term glycine propionyl-l-carnitine supplemention and paradoxical effects on repeated anaerobic sprint performance. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2010;7:35. View abstract.
58870
Heringer, J., Boy, S. P., Ensenauer, R., Assmann, B., Zschocke, J., Harting, I., Lucke, T., Maier, E. M., Muhlhausen, C., Haege, G., Hoffmann, G. F., Burgard, P., and Kolker, S. Use of guidelines improves the neurological outcome in glutaric aciduria type I. Ann.Neurol. 2010;68(5):743-752. View abstract.
58871
Desbree, A., Houdon, L., Touati, G., Djemili, S., Choker, G., and Flodrops, H. [EBV infection revealing a long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency in a 3-year-old boy]. Arch.Pediatr. 2011;18(1):18-22. View abstract.
58872
del Olmo, J. A., Castillo, M., Rodrigo, J. M., Aparisi, L., Serra, M. A., Wassel, A., and Bixquert, M. Effect of L-carnitine upon ammonia tolerance test in cirrhotic patients. Adv Exp Med Biol 1990;272:197-208. View abstract.
58882
Derosa, G., Maffioli, P., Ferrari, I., D'Angelo, A., Fogari, E., Palumbo, I., Randazzo, S., and Cicero, A. F. Comparison between orlistat plus l-carnitine and orlistat alone on inflammation parameters in obese diabetic patients. Fundam.Clin Pharmacol 2011;25(5):642-651. View abstract.
58885
Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Stella, A. M., and Calabrese, E. J. Cellular stress responses, mitostress and carnitine insufficiencies as critical determinants in aging and neurodegenerative disorders: role of hormesis and vitagenes. Neurochem.Res. 2010;35(12):1880-1915. View abstract.
58886
Wolfe, L. A., He, M., Vockley, J., Payne, N., Rhead, W., Hoppel, C., Spector, E., Gernert, K., and Gibson, K. M. Novel ETF dehydrogenase mutations in a patient with mild glutaric aciduria type II and complex II-III deficiency in liver and muscle. J Inherit.Metab Dis 11-19-2010; View abstract.
58889
Hoffman, J. R., Ratamess, N. A., Gonzalez, A., Beller, N. A., Hoffman, M. W., Olson, M., Purpura, M., and Jager, R. The effects of acute and prolonged CRAM supplementation on reaction time and subjective measures of focus and alertness in healthy college students. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2010;7:39. View abstract.
58891
Jing, L., Zhou, L. J., Li, W. M., Zhang, F. M., Yuan, L., Li, S., Song, J., and Sang, Y. Carnitine regulates myocardial metabolism by Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in alcoholic cardiomyopathy. Med.Sci Monit. 2011;17(1):BR1-BR9. View abstract.
58896
Reuter, S. E. and Evans, A. M. Long-chain acylcarnitine deficiency in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Potential involvement of altered carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I activity. J Intern.Med. 2011;270(1):76-84. View abstract.
58902
Helms, R. A., Mauer, E. C., Hay, W. W., Jr., Christensen, M. L., and Storm, M. C. Effect of intravenous L-carnitine on growth parameters and fat metabolism during parenteral nutrition in neonates. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 1990;14(5):448-453. View abstract.
58906
Larsson, L. E., Olegard, R., Ljung, B. M., Niklasson, A., Rubensson, A., and Cederblad, G. Parenteral nutrition in preterm neonates with and without carnitine supplementation. Acta Anaesthesiol.Scand. 1990;34(6):501-505. View abstract.
58907
Sulkers, E. J., Lafeber, H. N., Degenhart, H. J., Przyrembel, H., Schlotzer, E., and Sauer, P. J. Effects of high carnitine supplementation on substrate utilization in low-birth-weight infants receiving total parenteral nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;52(5):889-894. View abstract.
58909
Lu, S. M., Li, X., Zhang, H. B., Hu, J. M., Yan, J. H., Liu, J. L., and Chen, Z. J. [Use of L-carnitine before percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration-intracytoplasmic sperm injection for obstructive azoospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2010;16(10):919-921. View abstract.
58910
Martinotti, G., Andreoli, S., Reina, D., Di, Nicola M., Ortolani, I., Tedeschi, D., Fanella, F., Pozzi, G., Iannoni, E., D'Iddio, S., and Prof, L. J. Acetyl-l-Carnitine in the treatment of anhedonia, melancholic and negative symptoms in alcohol dependent subjects. Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry 6-1-2011;35(4):953-958. View abstract.
58912
Rossignol, D. A. and Frye, R. E. Mitochondrial dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mol.Psychiatry 2012;17(3):290-314. View abstract.
58922
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Giordano, M., Pennisi, G., Bella, R., Rampello, L., Malaguarnera, M., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. Oral acetyl-L-carnitine therapy reduces fatigue in overt hepatic encephalopathy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Am.J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(4):799-808. View abstract.
58925
Abbasi, S. H., Heidari, S., Mohammadi, M. R., Tabrizi, M., Ghaleiha, A., and Akhondzadeh, S. Acetyl-L-carnitine as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: a placebo-controlled trial. Child Psychiatry Hum.Dev. 2011;42(3):367-375. View abstract.
58927
Gesuete, V., Ragni, L., and Picchio, F. M. [The "big heart" of carnitine]. G.Ital.Cardiol.(Rome) 2010;11(9):703-705. View abstract.
58932
Calandrella, N., De, Seta C., Scarsella, G., and Risuleo, G. Carnitine reduces the lipoperoxidative damage of the membrane and apoptosis after induction of cell stress in experimental glaucoma. Cell Death.Dis 2010;1:e62. View abstract.
58938
Cipolli, C. and Chiari, G. [Effects of L-acetylcarnitine on mental deterioration in the aged: initial results]. Clin Ter 3-31-1990;132(6 Suppl):479-510. View abstract.
58939
Bellinghieri, G., Savica, V., Barbera, C. M., Ricciardi, B., Egitto, M., Torre, F., Valentini, G., D'Iddio, S., Bagiella, E., Mallamace, A., and . L-carnitine and platelet aggregation in uremic patients subjected to hemodialysis. Nephron 1990;55(1):28-32. View abstract.
58947
Goetz, C. G., Tanner, C. M., Cohen, J. A., Thelen, J. A., Carroll, V. S., Klawans, H. L., and Fariello, R. G. L-acetyl-carnitine in Huntington's disease: double-blind placebo controlled crossover study of drug effects on movement disorder and dementia. Mov Disord. 1990;5(3):263-265. View abstract.
58948
Tabibi, H., Hakeshzadeh, F., Hedayati, M., and Malakoutian, T. Effects of l-carnitine supplement on serum amyloid A and vascular inflammation markers in hemodialysis patients: a randomized controlled trial. J Ren Nutr. 2011;21(6):485-491. View abstract.
58949
Malaguarnera, M., Bella, R., Vacante, M., Giordano, M., Malaguarnera, G., Gargante, M. P., Motta, M., Mistretta, A., Rampello, L., and Pennisi, G. Acetyl-L-carnitine reduces depression and improves quality of life in patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Scand.J Gastroenterol. 2011;46(6):750-759. View abstract.
58950
Silverio, R., Laviano, A., Rossi, Fanelli F., and Seelaender, M. L-Carnitine induces recovery of liver lipid metabolism in cancer cachexia. Amino.Acids 2012;42(5):1783-1792. View abstract.
58957
Moustafa, A. M. and Boshra, V. The possible role of L-carnitine on the skeletal muscle of ovariectomized rats. J Mol.Histol. 2011;42(3):217-225. View abstract.
58961
Liu, S., Wu, H. J., Zhang, Z. Q., Chen, Q., Liu, B., Wu, J. P., and Zhu, L. L-carnitine ameliorates cancer cachexia in mice by regulating the expression and activity of carnitine palmityl transferase. Cancer Biol.Ther 7-15-2011;12(2):125-130. View abstract.
58965
La, Vignera S., Condorelli, R., Vicari, E., D'Agata, R., and Calogero, A. E. Endothelial antioxidant compound prolonged the endothelial antiapoptotic effects registered after tadalafil treatment in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction. J Androl 2012;33(2):170-175. View abstract.
58970
Ma, Y. Y., Song, J. Q., Wu, T. F., Liu, Y. P., Xiao, J. X., Jiang, Y. W., and Yang, Y. L. [Leucodystrophy induced by late onset 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria]. Zhongguo Dang.Dai Er.Ke.Za Zhi. 2011;13(5):392-395. View abstract.
58975
Amen, D. G., Wu, J. C., Taylor, D., and Willeumier, K. Reversing brain damage in former NFL players: implications for traumatic brain injury and substance abuse rehabilitation. J Psychoactive Drugs 2011;43(1):1-5. View abstract.
58976
Annadurai, T., Vigneshwari, S., Thirukumaran, R., Thomas, P. A., and Geraldine, P. Acetyl-L-carnitine prevents carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress in various tissues of Wistar rats. J Physiol Biochem. 2011;67(4):519-530. View abstract.
58981
Geier, D. A., Kern, J. K., Davis, G., King, P. G., Adams, J. B., Young, J. L., and Geier, M. R. A prospective double-blind, randomized clinical trial of levocarnitine to treat autism spectrum disorders. Med.Sci Monit. 2011;17(6):I15-I23. View abstract.
58991
Yang, L., Yin, H., Yang, R., and Huang, X. Diagnosis, treatment and outcome of glutaric aciduria type I in Zhejiang Province, China. Med.Sci Monit. 2011;17(7):H55-H59. View abstract.
58996
Kimmoun, A., Munagamage, G., Dessalles, N., Gerard, A., Feillet, F., and Levy, B. Unexpected awakening from comatose thyroid storm after a single intravenous injection of L-carnitine. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(10):1716-1717. View abstract.
58997
Pignatelli, P., Tellan, G., Marandola, M., Carnevale, R., Loffredo, L., Schillizzi, M., Proietti, M., Violi, F., Chirletti, P., and Delogu, G. Effect of L-carnitine on oxidative stress and platelet activation after major surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol.Scand. 2011;55(8):1022-1028. View abstract.
58998
De Vecchi, A. F., Arduini, A., Di, Liberato L., and Bonomini, M. [L-carnitine in peritoneal dialysis]. G.Ital.Nefrol. 2011;28(4):393-400. View abstract.
59000
Broad, E. M., Maughan, R. J., and Galloway S DR. Effects of exercise intensity and altered substrate availability on cardiovascular and metabolic responses to exercise after oral carnitine supplementation in athletes. Int.J Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2011;21(5):385-397. View abstract.
59001
Sarris, J., Kean, J., Schweitzer, I., and Lake, J. Complementary medicines (herbal and nutritional products) in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a systematic review of the evidence. Complement Ther Med 2011;19(4):216-227. View abstract.
59002
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Motta, M., Giordano, M., Malaguarnera, G., Bella, R., Nunnari, G., Rampello, L., and Pennisi, G. Acetyl-L-carnitine improves cognitive functions in severe hepatic encephalopathy: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Metab Brain Dis 2011;26(4):281-289. View abstract.
59003
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Bertino, G., Neri, S., Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Motta, M., Lupo, L., Chisari, G., Bruno, C. M., Pennisi, G., and Bella, R. The supplementation of acetyl-L-carnitine decreases fatigue and increases quality of life in patients with hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon-alpha 2b plus ribavirin. J Interferon Cytokine Res 2011;31(9):653-659. View abstract.
59004
Mikhailova, T. L., Sishkova, E., Poniewierka, E., Zhidkov, K. P., Bakulin, I. G., Kupcinskas, L., Lesniakowski, K., Grinevich, V. B., Malecka-Panas, E., Ardizzone, S., D'Arienzo, A., Valpiani, D., Koch, M., Denapiene, G., Vago, G., Fociani, P., Zerbi, P., Ceracchi, M., Camerini, R., and Gasbarrini, G. Randomised clinical trial: the efficacy and safety of propionyl-L-carnitine therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis receiving stable oral treatment. Aliment.Pharmacol Ther 2011;34(9):1088-1097. View abstract.
59006
Cai, T., Wagenlehner, F. M., Mazzoli, S., Meacci, F., Mondaini, N., Nesi, G., Tiscione, D., Malossini, G., and Bartoletti, R. Semen quality in patients with Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection treated concurrently with prulifloxacin and a phytotherapeutic agent. J Androl 2012;33(4):615-623. View abstract.
59007
Evangelista, M., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Pescosolido, N. Comparison of three lubricant eye drop solutions in dry eye patients. Optom.Vis.Sci 2011;88(12):1439-1444. View abstract.
59008
Herrmann, W. M., Dietrich, B., and Hiersemenzel, R. Pharmaco-electroencephalographic and clinical effects of the cholinergic substance--acetyl-L-carnitine--in patients with organic brain syndrome. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1990;10(1-2):81-84. View abstract.
59009
Suchitra, M. M., Ashalatha, V. L., Sailaja, E., Rao, A. M., Reddy, V. S., Bitla, A. R., Sivakumar, V., and Rao, P. V. The effect of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid parameters, inflammatory and nutritional markers in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Saudi.J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2011;22(6):1155-1159. View abstract.
59010
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Giordano, M., Motta, M., Bertino, G., Pennisi, M., Neri, S., Malaguarnera, M., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. L-carnitine supplementation improves hematological pattern in patients affected by HCV treated with Peg interferon-alpha 2b plus ribavirin. World J Gastroenterol. 10-21-2011;17(39):4414-4420. View abstract.
59011
Sun, Z. J., Yang, C. B., Wang, H., and Li, Y. [The impact of L-carnitine administration on the serum level of myocardium injury markers in patients with acute carbon monoxide poisoning]. Zhongguo Wei Zhong.Bing.Ji.Jiu.Yi Xue 2011;23(12):739-742. View abstract.
59012
Maccio, A., Madeddu, C., Gramignano, G., Mulas, C., Floris, C., Sanna, E., Cau, M. C., Panzone, F., and Mantovani, G. A randomized phase III clinical trial of a combined treatment for cachexia in patients with gynecological cancers: evaluating the impact on metabolic and inflammatory profiles and quality of life. Gynecol.Oncol 2012;124(3):417-425. View abstract.
59013
Molyneux, R., Seymour, A. M., and Bhandari, S. Value of carnitine therapy in kidney dialysis patients and effects on cardiac function from human and animal studies. Curr Drug Targets. 2012;13(2):285-293. View abstract.
59014
Demeyere, R., Lormans, P., Weidler, B., Minten, J., Van Aken, H., and Flameng, W. Cardioprotective effects of carnitine in extensive aortocoronary bypass grafting: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Anesth.Analg. 1990;71(5):520-528. View abstract.
59015
Feillet, F., Ogier, H., Cheillan, D., Aquaviva, C., Labarthe, F., Baruteau, J., Chabrol, B., de, Lonlay P., Valayanopoulos, V., Garnotel, R., Dobbelaere, D., Briand, G., Jeannesson, E., Vassault, A., and Vianey-Saban, C. [Medium-chain acyl-CoA-dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency: French consensus for neonatal screening, diagnosis, and management]. Arch.Pediatr 2012;19(2):184-193. View abstract.
59016
Payne, C., Wiffen, P. J., and Martin, S. Interventions for fatigue and weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;1:CD008427. [RETRACTED]. View abstract.
59017
Baudouin, C., Cochener, B., Pisella, P. J., Girard, B., Pouliquen, P., Cooper, H., and Creuzot-Garcher, C. Randomized, phase III study comparing osmoprotective carboxymethylcellulose with sodium hyaluronate in dry eye disease. Eur.J Ophthalmol. 2012;22(5):751-761. View abstract.
59018
Nasser, M., Javaheri, H., Fedorowicz, Z., and Noorani, Z. Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;2:CD006659. View abstract.
59020
Wu, Z. M., Lu, X., Wang, Y. W., Sun, J., Tao, J. W., Yin, F. H., and Cheng, H. J. [Short-term medication of L-carnitine before intracytoplasmic sperm injection for infertile men with oligoasthenozoospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue 2012;18(3):253-256. View abstract.
59022
Tejani, A. M., Wasdell, M., Spiwak, R., Rowell, G., and Nathwani, S. Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2012;5:CD007280. View abstract.
59023
Goldenberg, N. A., Krantz, M. J., and Hiatt, W. R. L-Carnitine plus cilostazol versus cilostazol alone for the treatment of claudication in patients with peripheral artery disease: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Vasc.Med 2012;17(3):145-154. View abstract.
59025
Golper, T. A., Wolfson, M., Ahmad, S., Hirschberg, R., Kurtin, P., Katz, L. A., Nicora, R., Ashbrook, D., and Kopple, J. D. Multicenter trial of L-carnitine in maintenance hemodialysis patients. I. Carnitine concentrations and lipid effects. Kidney Int 1990;38(5):904-911. View abstract.
59026
Chen, X. F., Li, Z., Ping, P., Dai, J. C., Zhang, F. B., and Shang, X. J. [Efficacy of natural vitamin E on oligospermia and asthenospermia: a prospective multi-centered randomized controlled study of 106 cases]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue 2012;18(5):428-431. View abstract.
59028
Hlais, S., Reslan, D. R., Sarieddine, H. K., Nasreddine, L., Taan, G., Azar, S., and Obeid, O. A. Effect of lysine, vitamin B(6), and carnitine supplementation on the lipid profile of male patients with hypertriglyceridemia: a 12-week, open-label, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Ther 2012;34(8):1674-1682. View abstract.
59029
Kraft, M., Kraft, K., Gartner, S., Mayerle, J., Simon, P., Weber, E., Schutte, K., Stieler, J., Koula-Jenik, H., Holzhauer, P., Grober, U., Engel, G., Muller, C., Feng, Y. S., Aghdassi, A., Nitsche, C., Malfertheiner, P., Patrzyk, M., Kohlmann, T., and Lerch, M. M. L-Carnitine-supplementation in advanced pancreatic cancer (CARPAN)--a randomized multicentre trial. Nutr J 2012;11:52. View abstract.
59030
Tarighat, Esfanjani A., Mahdavi, R., Ebrahimi, Mameghani M., Talebi, M., Nikniaz, Z., and Safaiyan, A. The effects of magnesium, L-carnitine, and concurrent magnesium-L-carnitine supplementation in migraine prophylaxis. Biol.Trace Elem.Res 2012;150(1-3):42-48. View abstract.
59031
Mercadal, L., Coudert, M., Vassault, A., Pieroni, L., Debure, A., Ouziala, M., Depreneuf, H., Fumeron, C., Servais, A., Bassilios, N., Becart, J., Assogba, U., Allouache, M., Bouali, B., Luong, N., Dousseaux, M. P., Tezenas-du, Montcel S., and Deray, G. L-carnitine treatment in incident hemodialysis patients: the multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled CARNIDIAL trial. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012;7(11):1836-1842. View abstract.
59032
De Marchi, S., Zecchetto, S., Rigoni, A., Prior, M., Fondrieschi, L., Scuro, A., Rulfo, F., and Arosio, E. Propionyl-L-carnitine improves endothelial function, microcirculation and pain management in critical limb ischemia. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2012;26(5):401-408. View abstract.
59033
Wyss, V., Ganzit, G. P., and Rienzi, A. Effects of L-carnitine administration on VO2max and the aerobic- anaerobic threshold in normoxia and acute hypoxia. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup.Physiol 1990;60(1):1-6. View abstract.
59036
Warady, B. A., Borum, P., Stall, C., Millspaugh, J., Taggart, E., and Lum, G. Carnitine status of pediatric patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Am J Nephrol 1990;10(2):109-114. View abstract.
59037
DiNicolantonio, J. J., Lavie, C. J., Fares, H., Menezes, A. R., and O'Keefe, J. H. L-carnitine in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013;88(6):544-551. View abstract.
59038
Arrigo, A., Casale, R., Buonocore, M., and Ciano, C. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine on reaction times in patients with cerebrovascular insufficiency. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1990;10(1-2):133-137. View abstract.
59039
Pichard, C., Roulet, M., Schutz, Y., Rossle, C., Chiolero, R., Temler, E., Schindler, C., Zurlo, F., Furst, P., and Jequier, E. Clinical relevance of L-carnitine-supplemented total parenteral nutrition in postoperative trauma. Metabolic effects of continuous or acute carnitine administration with special reference to fat oxidation and nitrogen utilization. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49(2):283-289. View abstract.
59040
Rogerson, M. E., Rylance, P. B., Wilson, R., De Sousa, C., Lanigan, C., Rose, P. E., Howard, J., and Parsons, V. Carnitine and weakness in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dial.Transplant. 1989;4(5):366-371. View abstract.
59041
Dragan, I. G., Vasiliu, A., Georgescu, E., and Eremia, N. Studies concerning chronic and acute effects of L-carnitina in elite athletes. Physiologie. 1989;26(2):111-129. View abstract.
59043
Digiesi, V., Palchetti, R., and Cantini, F. [The benefits of L-carnitine therapy in essential arterial hypertension with diabetes mellitus type II]. Minerva Med 1989;80(3):227-231. View abstract.
59044
Rizzon, P., Biasco, G., Di Biase, M., Boscia, F., Rizzo, U., Minafra, F., Bortone, A., Siliprandi, N., Procopio, A., Bagiella, E., and . High doses of L-carnitine in acute myocardial infarction: metabolic and antiarrhythmic effects. Eur Heart J 1989;10(6):502-508. View abstract.
59045
Gorostiaga, E. M., Maurer, C. A., and Eclache, J. P. Decrease in respiratory quotient during exercise following L-carnitine supplementation. Int J Sports Med 1989;10(3):169-174. View abstract.
59046
Ricci, A., Caiati, C., Galantino, A., Scrutinio, D., Valentini, G., Chiddo, A., and Rizzon, P. [Acute effects of propionyl-L-carnitine on anomalies of parietal kinetics of the left ventricle induced by atrial pacing in patients with ischemic heart disease. A bidimensional echocardiographic study]. Cardiologia 1989;34(7):651-655. View abstract.
59047
Brevetti, G., Attisano, T., Perna, S., Rossini, A., Policicchio, A., and Corsi, M. Effect of L-carnitine on the reactive hyperemia in patients affected by peripheral vascular disease: a double-blind, crossover study. Angiology 1989;40(10):857-862. View abstract.
59048
Zilleruelo, G., Novak, M., Hsia, S. L., Goldberg, R., Abitbol, C., Monkus, E., and Strauss, J. Effect of dialysate composition on the lipid response to L-carnitine supplementation. Kidney Int Suppl 1989;27:S259-S263. View abstract.
59050
Vacha, G. M., Giorcelli, G., D'Iddio, S., Valentini, G., Bagiella, E., Procopio, A., di Donato, S., Ashbrook, D., and Corsi, M. L-carnitine addition to dialysis fluid. A therapeutic alternative for hemodialysis patients. Nephron 1989;51(2):237-242. View abstract.
59053
Genger, H., Enzelsberger, H., and Salzer, H. [Carnitine in therapy of placental insufficiency--initial experiences]. Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol. 1988;192(4):155-157. View abstract.
59056
Helms, R. A., Whitington, P. F., Mauer, E. C., Catarau, E. M., Christensen, M. L., and Borum, P. R. Enhanced lipid utilization in infants receiving oral L-carnitine during long-term parenteral nutrition. J Pediatr 1986;109(6):984-988. View abstract.
59057
Balogh, D., Hackl, J. M., Legenstein, E., and Musil, H. E. [Experiences with L-carnitine in the post-stress phase]. Infusionsther.Klin Ernahr. 1986;13(5):204-208. View abstract.
59058
Heller, W., Musil, H. E., Gaebel, G., Hempel, V., Krug, W., and Kohn, H. J. [Effect of L-carnitine on post-stress metabolism in surgical patients]. Infusionsther.Klin.Ernahr. 1986;13(6):268-276. View abstract.
59059
Yderstraede, K. B., Pedersen, F. B., Dragsholt, C., Trostmann, A., Laier, E., and Larsen, H. F. The effect of L-carnitine on lipid metabolism in patients on chronic haemodialysis. Nephrol.Dial.Transplant. 1987;1(4):238-241. View abstract.
59060
Dragan, G. I., Vasiliu, A., Georgescu, E., and Dumas, I. Studies concerning chronic and acute effects of L-carnitine on some biological parameters in elite athletes. Physiologie. 1987;24(1):23-28. View abstract.
59061
Dragan, A. M., Vasiliu, D., Eremia, N. M., and Georgescu, E. Studies concerning some acute biological changes after endovenous administration of 1 g l-carnitine, in elite athletes. Physiologie. 1987;24(4):231-234. View abstract.
59062
Dal Negro, R., Turco, P., Pomari, C., and De Conti, F. Effects of L-carnitine on physical performance in chronic respiratory insufficiency. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1988;26(5):269-272. View abstract.
59063
Pichard, C., Roulet, M., Rossle, C., Chiolero, R., Schutz, Y., Temler, E., Boumghar, M., Schindler, C., Zurlo, F., Jequier, E., and . Effects of L-carnitine supplemented total parenteral nutrition on lipid and energy metabolism in postoperative stress. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 1988;12(6):555-562. View abstract.
59064
Rossle, C., Pichard, C., Roulet, M., Chiolero, R., Schutz, Y., Temler, E., Schindler, C., Zurlo, F., Jequier, E., and Furst, P. [Effect of L-carnitine supplemented total parenteral nutrition on postoperative lipid and nitrogen utilization]. Klin.Wochenschr 12-15-1988;66(24):1202-1211. View abstract.
59066
Passeri, M., Iannuccelli, M., Ciotti, G., Bonati, P. A., Nolfe, G., and Cucinotta, D. Mental impairment in aging: selection of patients, methods of evaluation and therapeutic possibilities of acetyl-L-carnitine. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1988;8(5):367-376. View abstract.
59067
Harper, P., Elwin, C. E., and Cederblad, G. Pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral bolus doses of L-carnitine in healthy subjects. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1988;35(5):555-562. View abstract.
59068
Thomsen, J. H., Shug, A. L., Yap, V. U., Patel, A. K., Karras, T. J., and DeFelice, S. L. Improved pacing tolerance of the ischemic human myocardium after administration of carnitine. Am J Cardiol. 1979;43(2):300-306. View abstract.
59069
Greig, C., Finch, K. M., Jones, D. A., Cooper, M., Sargeant, A. J., and Forte, C. A. The effect of oral supplementation with L-carnitine on maximum and submaximum exercise capacity. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup.Physiol 1987;56(4):457-460. View abstract.
59070
Gibault, J. P., Frey, A., Guiraud, M., Schirardin, H., Bouletreau, P., and Bach, A. C. Effects of L-carnitine infusion on intralipid clearance and utilization. Study carried out in septic patients of an intensive care unit. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 1988;12(1):29-34. View abstract.
59074
Melegh, B., Kerner, J., Sandor, A., Vinceller, M., and Kispal, G. Effects of oral L-carnitine supplementation in low-birth-weight premature infants maintained on human milk. Biol.Neonate 1987;51(4):185-193. View abstract.
59078
Bonavita, E. Study of the efficacy and tolerability of L-acetylcarnitine therapy in the senile brain. Int J Clin Pharmacol.Ther Toxicol. 1986;24(9):511-516. View abstract.
59079
Fagher, B., Cederblad, G., Eriksson, M., Monti, M., Moritz, U., Nilsson-Ehle, P., and Thysell, H. L-carnitine and haemodialysis: double blind study on muscle function and metabolism and peripheral nerve function. Scand.J Clin Lab Invest 1985;45(2):169-178. View abstract.
59080
Nilsson-Ehle, P., Cederblad, G., Fagher, B., Monti, M., and Thysell, H. Plasma lipoproteins, liver function and glucose metabolism in haemodialysis patients: lack of effect of L-carnitine supplementation. Scand.J Clin Lab Invest 1985;45(2):179-184. View abstract.
59081
Fagher, B., Cederblad, G., Monti, M., Olsson, L., Rasmussen, B., and Thysell, H. Carnitine and left ventricular function in haemodialysis patients. Scand.J Clin Lab Invest 1985;45(3):193-198. View abstract.
59083
Yeh, Y. Y., Cooke, R. J., and Zee, P. Impairment of lipid emulsion metabolism associated with carnitine insufficiency in premature infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1985;4(5):795-798. View abstract.
59086
Lacour, B., Di Giulio, S., Chanard, J., Ciancioni, C., Haguet, M., Lebkiri, B., Basile, C., Drueke, T., Assan, R., and Funck-Brentano, J. L. Carnitine improves lipid anomalies in haemodialysis patients. Lancet 10-11-1980;2(8198):763-764. View abstract.
59087
Casciani, C. U., Caruso, U., Cravotto, E., Corsi, M., Pola, P., Savi, L., and Grilli, M. Effect of L-carnitine on lipid pattern in haemodialysis. Lancet 12-13-1980;2(8207):1309-1310. View abstract.
59090
Suzuki, Y., Narita, M., and Yamazaki, N. Effects of L-carnitine on arrhythmias during hemodialysis. Jpn Heart J 1982;23(3):349-359. View abstract.
59094
Carlsson, M., Forsberg, E., and Thorne, A. Observations during L-carnitine infusion in two long-term critically ill patients. Clin Physiol 1984;4(4):363-365. View abstract.
59095
Weschler, A., Aviram, M., Levin, M., Better, O. S., and Brook, J. G. High dose of L-carnitine increases platelet aggregation and plasma triglyceride levels in uremic patients on hemodialysis. Nephron 1984;38(2):120-124. View abstract.
59096
Kamikawa, T., Suzuki, Y., Kobayashi, A., Hayashi, H., Masumura, Y., Nishihara, K., Abe, M., and Yamazaki, N. Effects of L-carnitine on exercise tolerance in patients with stable angina pectoris. Jpn Heart J 1984;25(4):587-597. View abstract.
59097
Curran, J. S., Williams, P. R., Kanarek, K. S., Novak, M., and Monkus, E. F. An evaluation of orally supplemented L-carnitine in premature infants receiving Intralipid 20%. Acta Chir Scand Suppl 1983;517:157-164. View abstract.
59098
Pola, P., Tondi, P., Flore, R., Serricchio, M., Dal Lago, A., Amanti, C., Consorti, F., Benedetti, M., and Midiri, H. Effect of l-carnitine on lipid pattern in debilitated patients treated with Intralipid. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 1983;3(3):179-184. View abstract.
59101
Bellinghieri, G., Savica, V., Mallamace, A., Di, Stefano C., Consolo, F., Spagnoli, L. G., Villaschi, S., Palmieri, G., Corsi, M., and Maccari, F. Correlation between increased serum and tissue L-carnitine levels and improved muscle symptoms in hemodialyzed patients. Am.J Clin Nutr. 1983;38(4):523-531. View abstract.
59102
Biagini, A., Opie, L., Rovai, D., Mazzei, M. G., Carpeggiani, C., and Maseri, A. Intravenous dl-carnitine fails to increase the double-product during atrial pacing in patients with effort angina. A double-blind randomized study. G Ital Cardiol 1983;13(11):291-294. View abstract.
59105
Fagher, B., Thysell, H., Nilsson-Ehle, P., Monti, M., Olsson, L., Eriksson, M., Lindstedt, S., and Lindholm, T. The effect of D,L-carnitine supplementation on muscle metabolism, neuropathy, cardiac and hepatic function in hemodialysis patients. A pilot study. Acta Med Scand 1982;212(3):115-120. View abstract.
59106
Penn, D., Schmidt-Sommerfeld, E., and Wolf, H. Carnitine deficiency in premature infants receiving total parenteral nutrition. Early Hum.Dev. 1980;4(1):23-34. View abstract.
59107
Penn, D., Schmidt-Sommerfeld, E., and Pascu, F. Decreased tissue carnitine concentrations in newborn infants receiving total parenteral nutrition. J Pediatr 1981;98(6):976-978. View abstract.
59108
Sandor, A., Pecsuvac, K., Kerner, J., and Alkonyi, I. On carnitine content of the human breast milk. Pediatr.Res 1982;16(2):89-91. View abstract.
59109
Casciani, C. U., Caruso, U., Cravotto, E., D'Iddio, S., Corsi, M., Pola, P., Savi, L., and Grilli, M. L-carnitine in haemodialysed patients. Changes in lipid pattern. Arzneimittelforschung 1982;32(3):293-297. View abstract.
59112
Bertoli, M., Battistella, P. A., Vergani, L., Naso, A., Gasparotto, M. L., Romagnoli, G. F., and Angelini, C. Carnitine deficiency induced during hemodialysis and hyperlipidemia: effect of replacement therapy. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34(8):1496-1500. View abstract.
59113
Schiavoni, G., Lucente, M., Di Folca, A., Alessandri, N., Mongiardo, R., and Manzoli, U. [The anti-arrhythmic effect of L-carnitine in subjects with ischemic cardiopathy]. Clin Ter. 2-15-1981;96(3):263-270. View abstract.
59114
Rossini, P. M., Marchionno, L., Gambi, D., Pirchio, M., Del Rosso, G., and Albertazzi, A. EMG changes in chronically dialyzed uraemic subjects undergoing d, 1- Carnitine treatment. Ital J Neurol Sci 1981;2(3):255-262. View abstract.
59115
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Watanabe, S., Ajisaka, R., Masuoka, T., Yamanouchi, T., Saitou, T., Toyama, M., Takeyasu, N., Sakamoto, K., and Sugishita, Y. Effects of L- and DL-carnitine on patients with impaired exercise tolerance. Jpn Heart J 1995;36(3):319-331. View abstract.
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Sahajwalla, C. G., Helton, E. D., Purich, E. D., Hoppel, C. L., and Cabana, B. E. Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of L-carnitine 330-mg tablet versus 1-g chewable tablet versus enteral solution in healthy adult male volunteers. J Pharm Sci 1995;84(5):627-633. View abstract.
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Pietropaoli, P., Caporelli, S., De Pace, F., Donati, A., Adrario, E., Luzi, A., Munch, C., Giovannini, C., and Frezzotti, A. R. [Intraoperative lactic acidosis, can it be treated? Clinico- experimental, prospective, sequential study]. Minerva Anestesiol. 1994;60(12):707-713. View abstract.
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De Simone, C., Tzantzoglou, S., Famularo, G., Moretti, S., Paoletti, F., Vullo, V., and Delia, S. High dose L-carnitine improves immunologic and metabolic parameters in AIDS patients. Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 1993;15(1):1-12. View abstract.
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Mondillo, S., Faglia, S., D'Aprile, N., Mangiacotti, L., Campolo, M. A., Agricola, E., and Palazzuoli, V. [Therapy of arrhythmia induced by myocardial ischemia. Association of L- carnitine, propafenone and mexiletine]. Clin Ter. 1995;146(12):769-774. View abstract.
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Giamberardino, M. A., Dragani, L., Valente, R., di Lisa, F., Saggini, R., and Vecchiet, L. Effects of prolonged L-carnitine administration on delayed muscle pain and CK release after eccentric effort. Int J Sports Med 1996;17(5):320-324. View abstract.
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Huang, W. W., Wang, M. Y., Shi, H. M., Peng, Y., Peng, C. S., Zhang, M., Li, Y., Lu, J., and Li, X. B. Comparative study of bioactive constituents in crude and processed Glycyrrhizae radix and their respective metabolic profiles in gastrointestinal tract in vitro by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-ESI/MS analyses. Arch.Pharm Res 2012;35(11):1945-1952. View abstract.
90622
Lai CL, Ahn SH, Lee KS, Um SH, Cho M, Yoon SK, Lee JW, Park NH, Kweon YO, Sohn JH, Lee J, Kim JA, Han KH, Yuen MF. Phase IIb multicentred randomised trial of besifovir (LB80380) versus entecavir in Asian patients with chronic hepatitis B. Gut. 2014 Jun;63(6):996-1004. View abstract.
90623
Madsen KL, Preisler N, Orngreen MC, Andersen SP, Olesen JH, Lund AM, Vissing J. Patients with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency have impaired oxidation of fat during exercise but no effect of L-carnitine supplementation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Apr;98(4):1667-75. View abstract.
90624
Miyagawa T, Kawamura H, Obuchi M, Ikesaki A, Ozaki A, Tokunaga K, Inoue Y, Honda M. Effects of oral L-carnitine administration in narcolepsy patients: a randomized, double-blind, cross-over and placebo-controlled trial. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53707. View abstract.
90625
Nebbioso M, Evangelista M, Librando A, Plateroti AM, Pescosolido N. Iatrogenic dry eye disease: an eledoisin/carnitine and osmolyte drops study. Biomed Pharmacother. 2013 Sep;67(7):659-63. View abstract.
90626
Pons-Rejraji H, Brugnon F, Sion B, Maqdasy S, Gouby G, Pereira B, Marceau G, Gremeau AS, Drevet J, Grizard G, Janny L, Tauveron I. Evaluation of torvastatin efficacy and toxicity on spermatozoa, accessory glands and gonadal hormones of healthy men: a pilot prospective clinical trial. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2014 Jul 12;12:65. View abstract.
90627
Pourmand G, Movahedin M, Dehghani S, Mehrsai A, Ahmadi A, Pourhosein M, Hoseini M, Ziloochi M, Heidari F, Beladi L, Noori M. Does L-carnitine therapy add any extra benefit to standard inguinal varicocelectomy in terms of deoxyribonucleic acid damage or sperm quality factor indices: a randomized study. Urology. 2014 Oct;84(4):821-5. View abstract.
90628
Prohaska ES, Muzyk AJ, Rivelli SK. Levocarnitine-induced hypophosphatemia in a hemodialysis patient with acute valproic acid toxicity. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2012 Winter;24(1):E18-9. View abstract.
90629
Rondanelli M, Opizzi A, Perna S, Faliva M, Solerte SB, Fioravanti M, Klersy C, Edda C, Maddalena P, Luciano S, Paola C, Emanuela C, Claudia S, Donini LM. Acute effect on satiety, resting energy expenditure, respiratory quotient, glucagon-like peptide-1, free fatty acids, and glycerol following consumption of a combination of bioactive food ingredients in overweight subjects. J Am Coll Nutr. 2013;32(1):41-9. View abstract.
90630
Shang R, Sun Z, Li H. Effective dosing of L-carnitine in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2014 Jul 21;14:88. View abstract.
90631
Tabei SM, Mazloom M, Shahriari M, Zareifar S, Azimi A, Hadaegh A, Karimi M. Determining and surveying the role of carnitine and folic acid to decrease fatigue in ß-thalassemia minor subjects. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Nov;30(8):742-7. View abstract.
90632
Vidal-Casariego A, Burgos-Peláez R, Martínez-Faedo C, Calvo-Gracia F, Valero-Zanuy MÁ, Luengo-Pérez LM, Cuerda-Compés C. Metabolic effects of L-carnitine on type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2013 Apr;121(4):234-8. View abstract.
90633
Yang SK, Xiao L, Song PA, Xu X, Liu FY, Sun L. Effect of L-carnitine therapy on patients in maintenance hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Nephrol. 2014 Jun;27(3):317-29. View abstract.
90634
Zhang JJ, Wu ZB, Cai YJ, Ke B, Huang YJ, Qiu CP, Yang YB, Shi LY, Qin J. L-carnitine ameliorated fasting-induced fatigue, hunger, and metabolic abnormalities in patients with metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled study. Nutr J. 2014 Nov 26;13:110. View abstract.
90635
Koeth RA, Wang Z, Levison BS, Buffa JA, Org E, Sheehy BT, Britt EB, Fu X, Wu Y, Li L, Smith JD, DiDonato JA, Chen J, Li H, Wu GD, Lewis JD, Warrier M, Brown JM, Krauss RM, Tang WH, Bushman FD, Lusis AJ, Hazen SL. Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis. Nat Med. 2013 May;19(5):576-85. View abstract.
90921
Baudouin C, Labbé A, Liang H, Pauly A, Brignole-Baudouin F. Preservatives in eyedrops: the good, the bad and the ugly. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2010;29(4):312-34. View abstract.
90922
Liu Q, Garner P, Wang Y, Huang B, Smith H. Drugs and herbs given to prevent hepatotoxicity of tuberculosis therapy: systematic review of ingredients and evaluation studies. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:365. View abstract.
91723
Huang H, Song L, Zhang H, Zhang H, Zhang J, Zhao W. Influence of L-carnitine supplementation on serum lipid profile in hemodialysis patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Kidney Blood Press Res. 2013;38(1):31-41. View abstract.
91724
Jun DW, Kim BI, Cho YK, Kim HJ, Kwon YO, Park SY, Han SY, Baek YH, Jung YJ, Kim HY, Kim W, Heo J, Woo HY, Hwang SG, Rim KS, Choi JY, Bae SH, Lee YS, Lim YS,Cheong JY, Cho SW, Lee BS, Kim SH, Sohn JH, Kim TY, Paik YH, Kim JK, Lee KS. Efficacy and safety of entecavir plus carnitine complex (GODEX®) compared to entecavir monotherapy in patient with ALT elevated chronic hepatitis B: randomized, multicenter open-label trials. The GOAL study. Clin Mol Hepatol. 2013 Jun;19(2):165-72. View abstract.
95061
Baek SM, Zheng R, Seo EJ, Hwang DY, Kim BH. Pharmacokinetic comparisons of two acetyl-L-carnitine formulations in healthy Korean volunteers. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2015;53(11):980-6. View abstract.
95062
Goodison G, Overeem K, de Monte V, Siskind D. Mania associated with self-prescribed acetyl-l-carnitine in a man with bipolar I disorder. Australas Psychiatry. 2017;25(1):13-4. View abstract.
95063
Bruno A, Pandolfo G, Crucitti M, Lorusso S, Zoccali RA, Muscatello MR. Acetyl-L-Carnitine Augmentation of Clozapine in Partial-Responder Schizophrenia: A 12-Week, Open-Label Uncontrolled Preliminary Study. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2016;39(6):277-80. View abstract.
95068
Cattaneo CI, Ressico F, Valsesia R, D'Innella P, Ballabio M, Fornaro M. Sudden valproate-induced hyperammonemia managed with L-carnitine in a medically healthy bipolar patient: Essential review of the literature and case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96(39):e8117 View abstract.
95069
An JH, Kim YJ, Kim KJ, et al. L-carnitine supplementation for the management of fatigue in patients with hypothyroidism on levothyroxine treatment: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Endocr J. 2016;63(10):885-95. View abstract.
95070
Chen N, Yang M, Zhou M, Xiao J, Guo J, He L. L-carnitine for cognitive enhancement in people without cognitive impairment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;3:CD009374. View abstract.
95071
Lee BJ, Lin JS, Lin YC, Lin PT. Effects of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid profiles in patients with coronary artery disease. Lipids Health Dis. 2016;15:107. View abstract.
95073
Serban MC, Sahebkar A, Mikhailidis DP, et al. Impact of L-carnitine on plasma lipoprotein(a) concentrations: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sci Rep. 2016;6:19188. View abstract.
95074
Pooyandjoo M, Nouhi M, Shab-Bidar S, Djafarian K, Olyaeemanesh A. The effect of (L-)carnitine on weight loss in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Obes Rev. 2016;17(10):970-6. View abstract.
96922
Imbe A, Tanimoto K, Inaba Y, et al. Effects of L-carnitine supplementation on the quality of life in diabetic patients with muscle cramps. Endocr J 2018;65(5):521-6. View abstract.
96930
Sawicka AK, Hartmane D, Lipinska P, Wojtowicz E, Lysiak-Szydlowska W, Olek RA. L-Carnitine supplementation in older women. A pilot study on aging skeletal muscle mass and function. Nutrients 2018;10(2). pii: E255. View abstract.
96932
Agarwal A, Sengupta P, Durairajanayagam D. Role of L-carnitine in female infertility. Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2018;16(1):5. View abstract.
96933
Kitano Y, Hashimoto S, Matsumoto H, et al. Oral administration of l-carnitine improves the clinical outcome of fertility in patients with IVF treatment. Gynecol Endocrinol 2018;34(8):684-8. View abstract.
96934
Ismail AM, Hamed AH, Saso S, Thabet HH. Adding L-carnitine to clomiphene resistant PCOS women improves the quality of ovulation and the pregnancy rate. A randomized clinical trial. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2014;180:148-52. View abstract.
96935
Samimi M, Jamilian M, Ebrahimi FA, Rahimi M, Tajbakhsh B, Asemi Z. Oral carnitine supplementation reduces body weight and insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2016;84(6):851-7. View abstract.
96936
Latifian S, Hamdi K, Totakneh R. Effect of addition of l-carnitine in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with clomiphene citrate and gonadotropin resistant. Int J Curr Res Acad Rev 2015;3:469-76.
100351
Wang Y, Xu Y, Zou R, et al. Effect of Levocarnitine on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Conventional Therapy in Children with Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Results of a Randomized Trial in 29 Children. Paediatr Drugs. 2018 Jun;20(3):285-290. View abstract.
100352
Shindo T, Kobayashi K, Tanaka T, Masumori N. Can levocarnitine supplementation improve fatigue caused by sunitinib as a treatment for renal cell carcinoma? A single-center prospective pilot study. Support Care Cancer. 2019 Apr;27(4):1491-1496. View abstract.
100353
Schulte RR, Madiwale MV, Flower A, et al. Levocarnitine for asparaginase-induced hepatic injury: a multi-institutional case series and review of the literature. Leuk Lymphoma. 2018 Oct;59(10):2360-2368. View abstract.
100354
Rausch CR, Paul S, Marx KR, et al. L-carnitine and Vitamin B Complex for the Treatment of Pegasparaginase-induced Hyperbilirubinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2018 May;18(5):e191-e195. View abstract.
101560
Zhang X, Cui Y, Dong L, Sun M, Zhang Y. The efficacy of combined l-carnitine and l-acetyl carnitine in men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Andrologia. 2020;52(2):e13470. View abstract.
101561
Karalis DT, Karalis T, Karalis S, Kleisiari AS. L-Carnitine as a diet supplement in patients with type II diabetes. Cureus. 2020;12(5):e7982. View abstract.
101562
Khajeh B, Dashti-Khavidaki S, Nasiri-Toosi M, Mohammadi K, Jafari A. Effects of pre-transplant L-carnitine supplementation on primary graft dysfunction in liver transplant recipients: a pilot, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Res Pharm Sci. 2019;14(6):504-514. View abstract.
101563
Askarpour M, Hadi A, Miraghajani M, Symonds ME, Sheikhi A, Ghaedi E. Beneficial effects of l-carnitine supplementation for weight management in overweight and obese adults: An updated systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Pharmacol Res. 2020;151:104554. View abstract.
101564
Talenezhad N, Mohammadi M, Ramezani-Jolfaie N, Mozaffari-Khosravi H, Salehi-Abargouei A. Effects of l-carnitine supplementation on weight loss and body composition: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 37 randomized controlled clinical trials with dose-response analysis. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020;37:9-23. View abstract.
101565
Shahidi M, Hashemi SR, Fattahi N, et al. The eEffects of L-carnitine on echocardiographic changes in patients with β-thalassemia major and intermedia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2020;42(6):386-390. View abstract.
101566
Sherif NA, El-Banna AS, ElBourini MM, Khalil NO. Efficacy of L-carnitine and propranolol in the management of acute theophylline toxicity. Toxicol Res (Camb). 2020;9(1):45-54. View abstract.
101567
Yarizadh H, Shab-Bidar S, Zamani B, Vanani AN, Baharlooi H, Djafarian K. The effect of L-carnitine supplementation on exercise-induced muscle damage: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Am Coll Nutr. 2020;39(5):457-468. View abstract.
101568
Gheissari A, Aslani N, Eshraghi A, et al. Preventive effect of L-carnitine on scar formation during acute pyelonephritis: A randomized placebo-controlled trial. Am J Ther. 2020;27(3):e229-e234. View abstract.
102017
Micic S, Lalic N, Djordjevic D, et al. Double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial on the effect of L-carnitine and L-acetylcarnitine on sperm parameters in men with idiopathic oligoasthenozoospermia. Andrologia 2019;51(6):e13267. doi: 10.1111/and.13267. View abstract.
102018
Fathizadeh H, Milajerdi A, Reiner Z, Kolahdooz F, Asemi Z. The effects of L-carnitine supplementation on glycemic control: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. EXCLI J 2019;18:631-43. doi: 10.17179/excli2019-1447. eCollection 2019. View abstract.
102019
Askarpour M, Hadi A, Symonds ME, et al. Efficacy of l-carnitine supplementation for management of blood lipids: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2019;29(11):1151-67. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2019.07.012. View abstract.
102121
El Sharkwy IA, Abd El Aziz WM. Randomized controlled trial of N-acetylcysteine versus l-carnitine among women with clomiphene-citrate-resistant polycystic ovary syndrome. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019;147(1):59-64. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.12902. View abstract.
102122
Abbasnezhad A, Choghakhori R, Kashkooli S, Alipour M, Asbaghi O, Mohammadi R. Effect of L-carnitine on liver enzymes and biochemical factors in hepatic encephalopathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019;34(12):2062-70. doi: 10.1111/jgh.14765. View abstract.
102123
El Sharkwy I, Sharaf El-Din M. l-Carnitine plus metformin in clomiphene-resistant obese PCOS women, reproductive and metabolic effects: a randomized clinical trial. Gynecol Endocrinol 2019;35(8):701-5. doi: 10.1080/09513590.2019.1576622. View abstract.
102124
Hiraoka A, Kiguchi D, Ninomiya T, et al. Can L-carnitine supplementation and exercise improve muscle complications in patients with liver cirrhosis who receive branched-chain amino acid supplementation? Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019;31(7):878-84. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000001368. View abstract.
102125
Haghighatdoost F, Jabbari M, Hariri M. The effect of L-carnitine on inflammatory mediators: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2019;75(8):1037-46. doi: 10.1007/s00228-019-02666-5.
102126
Rolim LC, da Silva EM, Flumignan RL, Abreu MM, Dib SA. Acetyl-L-carnitine for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Jun 15;6:CD011265. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011265.pub2. View abstract.
104176
Kuwasawa-Iwasaki M, Io H, Muto M, et al. Effects of L-carnitine supplementation in patients receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Nutrients 2020;12(11):3371. View abstract.
104177
Sato S, Namisaki T, Furukawa M, et al. Effect of L-carnitine on health-related quality of life in patients with liver cirrhosis. Biomed Rep 2020;13(6):65. View abstract.
104178
Abbasnezhad A, Hasanavand A, Falahi E, Kashkooli S, Asbaghi O, Choghakhori R. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid profiles of patients with liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Prev Nutr Food Sci 2020;25(2):124-32. View abstract.
104179
Yano J, Kaida Y, Maeda T, et al. L-carnitine supplementation vs cycle ergometer exercise for physical activity and muscle status in hemodialysis patients: a randomized clinical trial. Ther Apher Dial 2020. Online ahead of print. View abstract.
104180
Abdollahi H, Abdolahi M, Sedighiyan M, Jafarieh A. The effect of L-carnitine on mortality rate in septic patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis on randomized clinical trials. Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2020. Online ahead of print. View abstract.
107393
Wang DD, Wang TY, Yang Y, He SM, Wang YM. The Effects of L-Carnitine, Acetyl-L-Carnitine, and Propionyl-L-Carnitine on Body Mass in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Front Nutr 2021;8:748075. View abstract.
107394
Wei G, Zhou Z, Cui Y, et al. A Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of L-Carnitine/L-Acetyl-Carnitine or N-Acetyl-Cysteine in Men With Idiopathic Asthenozoospermia. Am J Mens Health 2021;15(2):15579883211011371. View abstract.
107395
Szymanski M, Wandtke T, Wasilow K, Andryszczyk M, Janicki R, Domaracki P. Comparison of 3- and 6-Month Outcomes of Combined Oral L-Carnitine Fumarate and Acetyl-L-Carnitine Therapy, Included in an Antioxidant Formulation, in Patients with Idiopathic Infertility. Am J Mens Health 2021;15(5):15579883211036790. View abstract.
107397
Asbaghi O, Kashkooli S, Amini MR, et al. The effects of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid concentrations inpatients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2020;12(4):246-255. View abstract.
107398
Stefan M, Sharp M, Gheith R, et al. L-Carnitine Tartrate Supplementation for 5 Weeks Improves Exercise Recovery in Men and Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2021;13(10):3432. View abstract.
107399
Hamedi-Kalajahi F, Zarezadeh M, Mojtahedi SY, Shabbidar S, Fahimi D, Imani H. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on lipid profile and apolipoproteins in children on hemodialysis: a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Pediatr Nephrol 2021;36(11):3741-3747. View abstract.
107400
Hamedi-Kalajahi F, Imani H, Mojtahedi S, Shabbidar S. Effect of L-Carnitine Supplementation on Inflammatory Markers and Serum Glucose in Hemodialysis Children: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. J Ren Nutr 2021;S1051-2276(21)00091-1. View abstract.
107401
Saneian H, Khalilian L, Heidari-Beni M, et al. Effect of l-carnitine supplementation on children and adolescents with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): a randomized, triple-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021;34(7):897-904. View abstract.
107402
Sangouni AA, Sasanfar B, Ghadiri-Anari A, Hosseinzadeh M. Effect of l-carnitine supplementation on liver fat content and cardiometabolic indices in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized controlled trial. Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021;46:54-59. View abstract.
107403
Baghban F, Hosseinzadeh M, Mozaffari-Khosravi H, Dehghan A, Fallahzadeh H. The effect of L-Carnitine supplementation on clinical symptoms, C-reactive protein and malondialdehyde in obese women with knee osteoarthritis: a double blind randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021;22(1):195. View abstract.
107404
Sangouni AA, Pakravanfar F, Ghadiri-Anari A, Nadjarzadeh A, Fallahzadeh H, Hosseinzadeh M. The effect of L-carnitine supplementation on insulin resistance, sex hormone-binding globulin and lipid profile in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. Eur J Nutr 2022;61(3):1199-1207. View abstract.
107405
Weng Y, Zhang S, Huang W, Xie X, Ma Z, Fan Q. Efficacy of L-Carnitine for Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Biomed Res Int 2021;2021:9491615. View abstract.
107406
Zhu Y, Xue C, Ou J, Xie Z, Deng J. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on renal anemia in patients on hemodialysis: a meta-analysis. Int Urol Nephrol 2021;53(10):2149-2158. View abstract.
107407
Naito J, Ohashi H, Ohno M, et al. Long-Term Levocarnitine Ameliorates Left Ventricular Diastolic as Well as Systolic Dysfunction in Hemodialysis Patients - Multi-Center Study. Circ Rep 2019;1(11):508-516. View abstract.
107408
Shingu Y, Katoh N, Ooka T, Katoh H, Wakasa S. L-Carnitine supplementation for the prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation in aortic valve surgery. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021;69(11):1460-1466. View abstract.
107409
Sheida A, Davar R, Tabibnejad N, Eftekhar M. The effect of adding L-Carnitine to the GnRH-antagonist protocol on assisted reproductive technology outcome in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a randomized clinical trial. Gynecol Endocrinol 2021;1-5. View abstract.
107410
Kubota K, Uojima H, Shao X, et al. Additional L-carnitine Reduced the Risk of Hospitalization in Patients with Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy on Rifaximin. Dig Dis 2021. View abstract.