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Cavallini, G., Ferraretti, A. P., Gianaroli, L., Biagiotti, G., and Vitali, G. Cinnoxicam and L-carnitine/acetyl-L-carnitine treatment for idiopathic and varicocele-associated oligoasthenospermia. J Androl 2004;25(5):761-770. View abstract.
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Cruciani, R. A., Dvorkin, E., Homel, P., Culliney, B., Malamud, S., Shaiova, L., Fleishman, S., Lapin, J., Klein, E., Lesage, P., Portenoy, R., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. L-carnitine supplementation for the treatment of fatigue and depressed mood in cancer patients with carnitine deficiency: a preliminary analysis. Ann N.Y.Acad.Sci 2004;1033:168-176. View abstract.
Filipek, P. A., Juranek, J., Nguyen, M. T., Cummings, C., and Gargus, J. J. Relative carnitine deficiency in autism. J Autism Dev.Disord. 2004;34(6):615-623. View abstract.
Rahbar, A. R., Shakerhosseini, R., Saadat, N., Taleban, F., Pordal, A., and Gollestan, B. Effect of L-carnitine on plasma glycemic and lipidemic profile in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. Eur.J Clin.Nutr. 2005;59(4):592-596. View abstract.
Pande, S., Brion, L. P., Campbell, D. E., Gayle, Y., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. V. Lack of effect of L-carnitine supplementation on weight gain in very preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2005;25(7):470-477. View abstract.
Lee, P. J., Harrison, E. L., Jones, M. G., Jones, S., Leonard, J. V., and Chalmers, R. A. L-carnitine and exercise tolerance in medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency: a pilot study. J Inherit.Metab Dis. 2005;28(2):141-152. View abstract.
Maestri, A., De Pasquale, Ceratti A., Cundari, S., Zanna, C., Cortesi, E., and Crino, L. A pilot study on the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine in paclitaxel- and cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Tumori 2005;91(2):135-138. View abstract.
Bianchi, G., Vitali, G., Caraceni, A., Ravaglia, S., Capri, G., Cundari, S., Zanna, C., and Gianni, L. Symptomatic and neurophysiological responses of paclitaxel- or cisplatin-induced neuropathy to oral acetyl-l-carnitine. Eur.J Cancer 7-19-2005; View abstract.
Balercia, G., Regoli, F., Armeni, T., Koverech, A., Mantero, F., and Boscaro, M. Placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial on the use of L-carnitine, L-acetylcarnitine, or combined L-carnitine and L-acetylcarnitine in men with idiopathic asthenozoospermia. Fertil.Steril. 2005;84(3):662-671. View abstract.
Lango, R., Smolenski, R. T., Rogowski, J., Siebert, J., Wujtewicz, M., Slominska, E. M., Lysiak-Szydlowska, W., and Yacoub, M. H. Propionyl-L-carnitine improves hemodynamics and metabolic markers of cardiac perfusion during coronary surgery in diabetic patients. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2005;19(4):267-275. View abstract.
Stuessi, C., Hofer, P., Meier, C., and Boutellier, U. L -Carnitine and the recovery from exhaustive endurance exercise: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Appl Physiol 2005;95(5-6):431-435. View abstract.
Guideri, F., Acampa, M., Hayek, Y., and Zappella, M. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine on cardiac dysautonomia in Rett syndrome: prevention of sudden death? Pediatr Cardiol 2005;26(5):574-577. View abstract.
Waldner, R., Laschan, C., Lohninger, A., Gessner, M., Tuchler, H., Huemer, M., Spiegel, W., and Karlic, H. Effects of doxorubicin-containing chemotherapy and a combination with L-carnitine on oxidative metabolism in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Cancer Res.Clin Oncol. 2006;132(2):121-128. View abstract.
Uzun, N., Sarikaya, S., Uluduz, D., and Aydin, A. Peripheric and automatic neuropathy in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: the effect of L-carnitine treatment on the peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Electromyogr.Clin Neurophysiol. 2005;45(6):343-351. View abstract.
Zanardi, R. and Smeraldi, E. A double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial of acetyl-L-carnitine vs. amisulpride in the treatment of dysthymia. Eur.Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006;16(4):281-287. View abstract.
Calo, L. A., Pagnin, E., Davis, P. A., Semplicini, A., Nicolai, R., Calvani, M., and Pessina, A. C. Antioxidant effect of L-carnitine and its short chain esters: relevance for the protection from oxidative stress related cardiovascular damage. Int.J Cardiol. 2-8-2006;107(1):54-60. View abstract.
Calabrese, V., Giuffrida Stella, A. M., Calvani, M., and Butterfield, D. A. Acetylcarnitine and cellular stress response: roles in nutritional redox homeostasis and regulation of longevity genes. J Nutr.Biochem. 2006;17(2):73-88. View abstract.
El Beshlawy, A., Abd, El Raouf, Mostafa, F., Talaat, M., Isma'eel, H., Aoun, E., Hoffbrand, A. V., and Taher, A. Diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension in sickle cell anemia: is there a role for L-carnitine treatment? Acta Haematol. 2006;115(1-2):91-96. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Pistone, G., Elvira, R., Leotta, C., Scarpello, L., and Liborio, R. Effects of L-carnitine in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. World J Gastroenterol. 12-7-2005;11(45):7197-7202. View abstract.
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Santo, S. S., Sergio, N., Luigi, D. P., Giuseppe, M., Margherita, F., Gea, O. C., Roberto, F., Gabriella, C., Giuseppe, P., and Massimiliano, A. Effect of PLC on functional parameters and oxidative profile in type 2 diabetes-associated PAD. Diabetes Res.Clin Pract. 2006;72(3):231-237. View abstract.
Gramignano, G., Lusso, M. R., Madeddu, C., Massa, E., Serpe, R., Deiana, L., Lamonica, G., Dessi, M., Spiga, C., Astara, G., Maccio, A., and Mantovani, G. Efficacy of l-carnitine administration on fatigue, nutritional status, oxidative stress, and related quality of life in 12 advanced cancer patients undergoing anticancer therapy. Nutrition 2006;22(2):136-145. View abstract.
Sigman, M., Glass, S., Campagnone, J., and Pryor, J. L. Carnitine for the treatment of idiopathic asthenospermia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fertil.Steril. 2006;85(5):1409-1414. View abstract.
Aledo, R., Mir, C., Dalton, R. N., Turner, C., Pie, J., Hegardt, F. G., Casals, N., and Champion, M. P. Refining the diagnosis of mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase deficiency. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(1):207-211. View abstract.
Signorelli, S. S., Fatuzzo, P., Rapisarda, F., Neri, S., Ferrante, M., Oliveri, Conti G., Fallico, R., Di, Pino L., Pennisi, G., Celotta, G., and Massimiliano, A. A randomised, controlled clinical trial evaluating changes in therapeutic efficacy and oxidative parameters after treatment with propionyl L-carnitine in patients with peripheral arterial disease requiring haemodialysis. Drugs Aging 2006;23(3):263-270. View abstract.
Arduini, A., Bonomini, M., Clutterbuck, E. J., Laffan, M. A., and Pusey, C. D. Effect of L-carnitine administration on erythrocyte survival in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2006;21(9):2671-2672. View abstract.
Borghi-Silva, A., Baldissera, V., Sampaio, L. M., Pires-DiLorenzo, V. A., Jamami, M., Demonte, A., Marchini, J. S., and Costa, D. L-carnitine as an ergogenic aid for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease submitted to whole-body and respiratory muscle training programs. Braz.J Med.Biol.Res. 2006;39(4):465-474. View abstract.
Cetinkaya, A., Bulbuloglu, E., Kantarceken, B., Ciralik, H., Kurutas, E. B., Buyukbese, M. A., and Gumusalan, Y. Effects of L-carnitine on oxidant/antioxidant status in acetic acid-induced colitis. Dig.Dis Sci 2006;51(3):488-494. View abstract.
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Kolker, S., Garbade, S. F., Greenberg, C. R., Leonard, J. V., Saudubray, J. M., Ribes, A., Kalkanoglu, H. S., Lund, A. M., Merinero, B., Wajner, M., Troncoso, M., Williams, M., Walter, J. H., Campistol, J., Marti-Herrero, M., Caswill, M., Burlina, A. B., Lagler, F., Maier, E. M., Schwahn, B., Tokatli, A., Dursun, A., Coskun, T., Chalmers, R. A., Koeller, D. M., Zschocke, J., Christensen, E., Burgard, P., and Hoffmann, G. F. Natural history, outcome, and treatment efficacy in children and adults with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Pediatr.Res. 2006;59(6):840-847. View abstract.
Calabrese, V., Colombrita, C., Sultana, R., Scapagnini, G., Calvani, M., Butterfield, D. A., and Stella, A. M. Redox modulation of heat shock protein expression by acetylcarnitine in aging brain: relationship to antioxidant status and mitochondrial function. Antioxid.Redox.Signal. 2006;8(3-4):404-416. View abstract.
Rathod, R., Baig, M. S., Khandelwal, P. N., Kulkarni, S. G., Gade, P. R., and Siddiqui, S. Results of a single blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial to study the effect of intravenous L-carnitine supplementation on health-related quality of life in Indian patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Indian J Med.Sci 2006;60(4):143-153. View abstract.
Tarantini, G., Scrutinio, D., Bruzzi, P., Boni, L., Rizzon, P., and Iliceto, S. Metabolic treatment with L-carnitine in acute anterior ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. A randomized controlled trial. Cardiology 2006;106(4):215-223. View abstract.
Hauck, E. W., Diemer, T., Schmelz, H. U., and Weidner, W. A critical analysis of nonsurgical treatment of Peyronie's disease. Eur.Urol. 2006;49(6):987-997. View abstract.
Fietta, P. and Manganelli, P. Carnitine: a therapeutic option for childhood psoriatic onycho-pachydermo-periostitis (POPP). Clin Rheumatol. 2007;26(1):93-94. View abstract.
Touati, G., Valayannopoulos, V., Mention, K., de, Lonlay P., Jouvet, P., Depondt, E., Assoun, M., Souberbielle, J. C., Rabier, D., Ogier de, Baulny H., and Saudubray, J. M. Methylmalonic and propionic acidurias: management without or with a few supplements of specific amino acid mixture. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(2-3):288-298. View abstract.
Segura-Bruna, N., Rodriguez-Campello, A., Puente, V., and Roquer, J. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Acta Neurol.Scand. 2006;114(1):1-7. View abstract.
Isidori, A. M., Pozza, C., Gianfrilli, D., and Isidori, A. Medical treatment to improve sperm quality. Reprod.Biomed.Online. 2006;12(6):704-714. View abstract.
Sethumadhavan, S. and Chinnakannu, P. Carnitine and lipoic acid alleviates protein oxidation in heart mitochondria during aging process. Biogerontology. 2006;7(2):101-109. View abstract.
Crill, C. M., Storm, M. C., Christensen, M. L., Hankins, C. T., Bruce, Jenkins M., and Helms, R. A. Carnitine supplementation in premature neonates: effect on plasma and red blood cell total carnitine concentrations, nutrition parameters and morbidity. Clin Nutr. 2006;25(6):886-896. View abstract.
Signorelli, S. S., Fatuzzo, P., Rapisarda, F., Neri, S., Ferrante, M., Oliveri, Conti G., Fallico, R., Di, Pino L., Pennisi, G., Celotta, G., and Anzaldi, M. Propionyl-L-carnitine therapy: effects on endothelin-1 and homocysteine levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease and end-stage renal disease. Kidney Blood Press Res. 2006;29(2):100-107. View abstract.
Xie, J., Zeng, Q., and Wang, L. The protective effect of L-carnitine on ischemia-reperfusion heart. J Huazhong.Univ Sci Technolog.Med.Sci 2006;26(2):188-191. View abstract.
Duranay, M., Akay, H., Yilmaz, F. M., Senes, M., Tekeli, N., and Yucel, D. Effects of L-carnitine infusions on inflammatory and nutritional markers in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2006;21(11):3211-3214. View abstract.
El-Metwally, T. H., Hamed, E. A., Ahmad, A. R., and Mohamed, N. A. Dyslipidemia, oxidative stress and cardiac dysfunction in children with chronic renal failure: effects of L-carnitine supplementation. Ann.Saudi.Med. 2003;23(5):270-277. View abstract.
Famularo, G., Moretti, S., Alesse, E., Trinchieri, V., Angelucci, A., Santini, G., Cifone, G., and De, Simone C. Reduction of glutamate levels in HIV-infected subjects treated with acetylcarnitine. J NeuroAIDS. 1999;2(2):65-73. View abstract.
Dokmeci, D., Inan, M., Basaran, U. N., Yalcin, O., Aydogdu, N., Turan, F. N., and Uz, Y. H. Protective effect of L-carnitine on testicular ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Cell Biochem.Funct. 2007;25(6):611-618. View abstract.
Toptas, B., Baykal, A., Yesilipek, A., Isbir, M., Kupesiz, A., Yalcin, O., and Baskurt, O. K. L-carnitine deficiency and red blood cell mechanical impairment in beta-thalassemia major. Clin Hemorheol.Microcirc. 2006;35(3):349-357. View abstract.
Angelini, C., Federico, A., Reichmann, H., Lombes, A., Chinnery, P., and Turnbull, D. Task force guidelines handbook: EFNS guidelines on diagnosis and management of fatty acid mitochondrial disorders. Eur.J Neurol. 2006;13(9):923-929. View abstract.
Crill, C. M., Christensen, M. L., Storm, M. C., and Helms, R. A. Relative bioavailability of carnitine supplementation in premature neonates. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr. 2006;30(5):421-425. View abstract.
Loffredo, L., Pignatelli, P., Cangemi, R., Andreozzi, P., Panico, M. A., Meloni, V., and Violi, F. Imbalance between nitric oxide generation and oxidative stress in patients with peripheral arterial disease: effect of an antioxidant treatment. J Vasc.Surg. 2006;44(3):525-530. View abstract.
Kumar, R., Gautam, G., and Gupta, N. P. Drug therapy for idiopathic male infertility: rationale versus evidence. J Urol. 2006;176(4 Pt 1):1307-1312. View abstract.
Huidekoper, H. H., Schneider, J., Westphal, T., Vaz, F. M., Duran, M., and Wijburg, F. A. Prolonged moderate-intensity exercise without and with L-carnitine supplementation in patients with MCAD deficiency. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2006;29(5):631-636. View abstract.
Colon-Soto, M., Peredo, R. A., and Vila, L. M. Systemic lupus erythematosus after mesotherapy with acetyl-L-carnitine. J Clin Rheumatol. 2006;12(5):261-262. View abstract.
El-Beshlawy, A., El, Accaoui R., Abd El-Sattar, M., Gamal El-Deen, M. H., Youssry, I., Shaheen, N., Hamdy, M., El-Ghamrawy, M., and Taher, A. Effect of L-carnitine on the physical fitness of thalassemic patients. Ann.Hematol. 2007;86(1):31-34. View abstract.
Elmslie, J. L., Porter, R. J., Joyce, P. R., Hunt, P. J., and Mann, J. I. Carnitine does not improve weight loss outcomes in valproate-treated bipolar patients consuming an energy-restricted, low-fat diet. Bipolar.Disord. 2006;8(5 Pt 1):503-507. View abstract.
Perez-Oliva, J. F., Guillen, Y., Gutierrez, F., and Parodis, Y. [Reduction of hospitalization thanks to L-carnitine in hemodialyzed patients]. Nefrologia. 2006;26(4):499-500. View abstract.
Bain, M. A., Faull, R., Milne, R. W., and Evans, A. M. Oral L-carnitine: metabolite formation and hemodialysis. Curr.Drug Metab 2006;7(7):811-816. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Pistone, G., Astuto, M., Vecchio, I., Raffaele, R., Lo, Giudice E., and Rampello, L. Effects of L-acetylcarnitine on cirrhotic patients with hepatic coma: randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Dig.Dis Sci 2006;51(12):2242-2247. View abstract.
Gomez-Amores, L., Mate, A., Miguel-Carrasco, J. L., Jimenez, L., Jos, A., Camean, A. M., Revilla, E., Santa-Maria, C., and Vazquez, C. M. L-carnitine attenuates oxidative stress in hypertensive rats. J Nutr.Biochem. 2007;18(8):533-540. View abstract.
Lee, M. S., Lee, H. J., Lee, H. S., and Kim, Y. L-carnitine stimulates lipolysis via induction of the lipolytic gene expression and suppression of the adipogenic gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Med.Food 2006;9(4):468-473. View abstract.
Kolker, S., Christensen, E., Leonard, J. V., Greenberg, C. R., Burlina, A. B., Burlina, A. P., Dixon, M., Duran, M., Goodman, S. I., Koeller, D. M., Muller, E., Naughten, E. R., Neumaier-Probst, E., Okun, J. G., Kyllerman, M., Surtees, R. A., Wilcken, B., Hoffmann, G. F., and Burgard, P. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(1):5-22. View abstract.
Verrina, E., Caruso, U., Calevo, M. G., Emma, F., Sorino, P., De, Palo T., Lavoratti, G., Turrini, Dertenois L., Cassanello, M., Cerone, R., and Perfumo, F. Effect of carnitine supplementation on lipid profile and anemia in children on chronic dialysis. Pediatr.Nephrol. 2007;22(5):727-733. View abstract.
Loffredo, L., Marcoccia, A., Pignatelli, P., Andreozzi, P., Borgia, M. C., Cangemi, R., Chiarotti, F., and Violi, F. Oxidative-stress-mediated arterial dysfunction in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Eur.Heart J 2007;28(5):608-612. View abstract.
Spiering, B. A., Kraemer, W. J., Vingren, J. L., Hatfield, D. L., Fragala, M. S., Ho, J. Y., Maresh, C. M., Anderson, J. M., and Volek, J. S. Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate. J Strength.Cond.Res. 2007;21(1):259-264. View abstract.
Perna, A. F., Acanfora, F., Satta, E., Lombardi, C., Capasso, R., Ingrosso, D., and De Santo, N. G. L-Propionyl carnitine, homocysteine and S-adenosylhomocysteine in hemodialysis. J Nephrol. 2007;20(1):63-65. View abstract.
Sood, A., Barton, D. L., Bauer, B. A., and Loprinzi, C. L. A critical review of complementary therapies for cancer-related fatigue. Integr.Cancer Ther 2007;6(1):8-13. View abstract.
Lagioia, R., Scrutinio, D., Mangini, S. G., Ricci, A., Mastropasqua, F., Valentini, G., Ramunni, G., Totaro, Fila G., and Rizzon, P. Propionil-L-carnitine: a new compound in the metabolic approach to the treatment of effort angina. Int J Cardiol 1992;34(2):167-172. View abstract.
Zhou, X., Liu, F., and Zhai, S. Effect of L-carnitine and/or L-acetyl-carnitine in nutrition treatment for male infertility: a systematic review. Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr. 2007;16 Suppl 1:383-390. View abstract.
McMackin, C. J., Widlansky, M. E., Hamburg, N. M., Huang, A. L., Weller, S., Holbrook, M., Gokce, N., Hagen, T. M., Keaney, J. F., Jr., and Vita, J. A. Effect of combined treatment with alpha-Lipoic acid and acetyl-L-carnitine on vascular function and blood pressure in patients with coronary artery disease. J Clin Hypertens.(Greenwich.) 2007;9(4):249-255. View abstract.
Spasov, A. A., Iezhitsa, I. N., Kravchenko, M. S., Pisarev, V. B., and Snigur, G. L. Effects of L-, D-, and DL-carnitine on morphometric parameters of skeletal muscle and exercise performance of laboratory animals receiving carnitine-deficient diet. Bull.Exp.Biol.Med. 2006;142(4):458-460. View abstract.
Lund, A. M., Joensen, F., Hougaard, D. M., Jensen, L. K., Christensen, E., Christensen, M., Norgaard-Petersen, B., Schwartz, M., and Skovby, F. Carnitine transporter and holocarboxylase synthetase deficiencies in The Faroe Islands. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(3):341-349. View abstract.
Youle, M. and Osio, M. A double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre study of acetyl L-carnitine in the symptomatic treatment of antiretroviral toxic neuropathy in patients with HIV-1 infection. HIV.Med. 2007;8(4):241-250. View abstract.
Morano, S., Mandosi, E., Fallarino, M., Gatti, A., Tiberti, C., Sensi, M., Gandini, L., Buchetti, B., Lenti, L., Jannini, E. A., and Lenzi, A. Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1768-1774. View abstract.
Salonia, A. Editorial comment on: Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1775-1776. View abstract.
Pickard, R. Editorial comment on: Antioxidant treatment associated with sildenafil reduces monocyte activation and markers of endothelial damage in patients with diabetic erectile dysfunction: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur.Urol. 2007;52(6):1774-1775. View abstract.
Russell, S. Carnitine as an antidote for acute valproate toxicity in children. Curr.Opin.Pediatr. 2007;19(2):206-210. View abstract.
Fornasini, G., Upton, R. N., and Evans, A. M. A pharmacokinetic model for L-carnitine in patients receiving haemodialysis. Br.J Clin Pharmacol 2007;64(3):335-345. View abstract.
Jimenez Caballero, P. E. and Marsal, Alonso C. [Type 1 glutaric aciduria: clinical and therapeutic implications]. Neurologia 2007;22(5):329-332. View abstract.
Rajasekar, P. and Anuradha, C. V. L-Carnitine inhibits protein glycation in vitro and in vivo: evidence for a role in diabetic management. Acta Diabetol. 2007;44(2):83-90. View abstract.
Malvagia, S., Papi, L., Morrone, A., Donati, M. A., Ciani, F., Pasquini, E., la, Marca G., Scholte, H. R., Genuardi, M., and Zammarchi, E. Fatal malonyl CoA decarboxylase deficiency due to maternal uniparental isodisomy of the telomeric end of chromosome 16. Ann.Hum.Genet. 2007;71(Pt 6):705-712. View abstract.
Rossini, M., Di, Munno O., Valentini, G., Bianchi, G., Biasi, G., Cacace, E., Malesci, D., La, Montagna G., Viapiana, O., and Adami, S. Double-blind, multicenter trial comparing acetyl l-carnitine with placebo in the treatment of fibromyalgia patients. Clin Exp.Rheumatol. 2007;25(2):182-188. View abstract.
Miwa, S. and Takikawa, O. [Chronic fatigue syndrome and neurotransmitters]. Nihon Rinsho 2007;65(6):1005-1010. View abstract.
Carroll, J. K., Kohli, S., Mustian, K. M., Roscoe, J. A., and Morrow, G. R. Pharmacologic treatment of cancer-related fatigue. Oncologist. 2007;12 Suppl 1:43-51. View abstract.
Guevara-Campos, J., Gonzalez-Guevara, L., Parada, Y., and Urbaez-Cano, J. [Infantile encephalopathy associated with the MELAS A3243G mutation. Case report]. Invest Clin 2007;48(2):243-248. View abstract.
Malone, M. A., Schocken, D. D., Hanna, S. K., Liang, X., and Malone, J. I. Diabetes-induced bradycardia is an intrinsic metabolic defect reversed by carnitine. Metabolism 2007;56(8):1118-1123. View abstract.
Rajasekar, P. and Anuradha, C. V. Effect of L-carnitine on skeletal muscle lipids and oxidative stress in rats fed high-fructose diet. Exp.Diabetes Res. 2007;2007:72741. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Cristaldi, E., Colonna, V., Messano, M., Koverech, A., Neri, S., Vacante, M., Cammalleri, L., and Motta, M. Acetyl L-carnitine (ALC) treatment in elderly patients with fatigue. Arch.Gerontol.Geriatr. 2008;46(2):181-190. View abstract.
Donnelly, C. T., Hameed, A. B., Abdenur, J. E., and Wing, D. A. Carnitine deficiency in pregnancy. Obstet.Gynecol. 2007;110(2 Pt 2):480-482. View abstract.
Erbas, H., Aydogdu, N., Usta, U., and Erten, O. Protective role of carnitine in breast cancer via decreasing arginase activity and increasing nitric oxide. Cell Biol.Int. 2007;31(11):1414-1419. View abstract.
Youle, M. Acetyl-L-carnitine in HIV-associated antiretroviral toxic neuropathy. CNS.Drugs 2007;21 Suppl 1:25-30. View abstract.
Jirillo, E., Altamura, M., Munno, I., Pellegrino, N. M., Sabato, R., Di Fabio, S., and De Simone, C. Effects of acetyl-L-carnitine oral administration on lymphocyte antibacterial activity and TNF-alpha levels in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. A randomized double blind versus placebo study. Immunopharmacol.Immunotoxicol. 1991;13(1-2):135-146. View abstract.
Orlandi, A., Francesconi, A., Ferlosio, A., Di, Lascio A., Marcellini, M., Pisano, C., and Spagnoli, L. G. Propionyl-L-carnitine prevents age-related myocardial remodeling in the rabbit. J Cardiovasc.Pharmacol 2007;50(2):168-175. View abstract.
Safarinejad, M. R., Hosseini, S. Y., and Kolahi, A. A. Comparison of vitamin E and propionyl-L-carnitine, separately or in combination, in patients with early chronic Peyronie's disease: a double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized study. J Urol. 2007;178(4 Pt 1):1398-1403. View abstract.
Heil, S. G., Hogeveen, M., Kluijtmans, L. A., van Dijken, P. J., van de Berg, G. B., Blom, H. J., and Morava, E. Marfanoid features in a child with combined methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria (CblC type). J Inherit.Metab Dis 2007;30(5):811. View abstract.
Foitzik, K., Hoting, E., Heinrich, U., Tronnier, H., and Paus, R. Indications that topical L-carnitin-L-tartrate promotes human hair growth in vivo. J Dermatol.Sci 2007;48(2):141-144. View abstract.
Wadzinski, J., Franks, R., Roane, D., and Bayard, M. Valproate-associated hyperammonemic encephalopathy. J Am.Board Fam.Med. 2007;20(5):499-502. View abstract.
Kumar, A., Singh, R. B., Saxena, M., Niaz, M. A., Josh, S. R., Chattopadhyay, P., Mechirova, V., Pella, D., and Fedacko, J. Effect of carni Q-gel (ubiquinol and carnitine) on cytokines in patients with heart failure in the Tishcon study. Acta Cardiol. 2007;62(4):349-354. View abstract.
Al'miasheva, M. I., Balashov, V. P., Ivianskii, S. A., Markelova, I. A., Kul'kova, N. P., and Balykova, L. A. [Experimental study of the effects of metabolic drugs on exercise tolerance]. Vopr.Kurortol.Fizioter.Lech.Fiz Kult. 2007;(4):15-17. View abstract.
Rossini, D., Bulckaen, M., Di, Marco S., Giovannetti, R., Giuntoli, F., Lacopetti, L., and Vergoni, W. [Rehabilitation program in patients with moderate-to-severe intermittent claudication: immediate results and one year follow-up]. Monaldi Arch.Chest Dis 2007;68(2):110-114. View abstract.
Xie, H., Tang, S. Y., Li, H., Luo, X. H., Yuan, L. Q., Wang, D., and Liao, E. Y. L-carnitine protects against apoptosis of murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Amino.Acids 2008;35(2):419-423. View abstract.
Panjwani, U., Thakur, L., Anand, J. P., Singh, S. N., Amitabh, Singh, S. B., and Banerjee, P. K. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on endurance exercise in normobaric/normoxic and hypobaric/hypoxic conditions. Wilderness.Environ.Med. 2007;18(3):169-176. View abstract.
Dealberto, M. J. Valproate-induced hyperammonaemic encephalopathy: review of 14 cases in the psychiatric setting. Int.Clin Psychopharmacol. 2007;22(6):330-337. View abstract.
Romano, M., Vacante, M., Cristaldi, E., Colonna, V., Gargante, M. P., Cammalleri, L., and Malaguarnera, M. L-carnitine treatment reduces steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with alpha-interferon and ribavirin. Dig.Dis Sci 2008;53(4):1114-1121. View abstract.
Balasaraswathi, K., Rajasekar, P., and Anuradha, C. V. Changes in redox ratio and protein glycation in precataractous lens from fructose-fed rats: effects of exogenous L-carnitine. Clin Exp.Pharmacol Physiol 2008;35(2):168-173. View abstract.
Miles, C. L., Candy, B., Jones, L., Williams, R., Tookman, A., and King, M. Interventions for sexual dysfunction following treatments for cancer. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2007;(4):CD005540. View abstract.
Weinhandl, E. D., Rao, M., Gilbertson, D. T., Collins, A. J., and Pereira, B. J. Protective effect of intravenous levocarnitine on subsequent-month hospitalization among prevalent hemodialysis patients, 1998 to 2003. Am.J Kidney Dis 2007;50(5):803-812. View abstract.
Xue, Y. Z., Wang, L. X., Liu, H. Z., Qi, X. W., Wang, X. H., and Ren, H. Z. L-carnitine as an adjunct therapy to percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2007;21(6):445-448. View abstract.
Chen, J. C., Tsai, T. C., Liu, C. S., and Lu, C. T. Acute hearing loss in a patient with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Acta Neurol.Taiwan. 2007;16(3):168-172. View abstract.
Biolo, G., Stulle, M., Bianco, F., Mengozzi, G., Barazzoni, R., Vasile, A., Panzetta, G., and Guarnieri, G. Insulin action on glucose and protein metabolism during L-carnitine supplementation in maintenance haemodialysis patients. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2008;23(3):991-997. View abstract.
Rajasekar, P., Palanisamy, N., and Anuradha, C. V. Increase in nitric oxide and reductions in blood pressure, protein kinase C beta II and oxidative stress by L-carnitine: a study in the fructose-fed hypertensive rat. Clin Exp.Hypertens. 2007;29(8):517-530. View abstract.
Katiyar, A. and Aaron, C. Case files of the Children's Hospital of Michigan Regional Poison Control Center: the use of carnitine for the management of acute valproic acid toxicity. J Med.Toxicol. 2007;3(3):129-138. View abstract.
Yokoi, K., Ito, T., Maeda, Y., Nakajima, Y., Ueta, A., Nomura, T., Koyama, N., Kato, I., Suzuki, S., Kurono, Y., Sugiyama, N., and Togari, H. Acylcarnitine profiles during carnitine loading and fasting tests in a Japanese patient with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Tohoku J Exp.Med. 2007;213(4):351-359. View abstract.
Sproule, D. M., Dyme, J., Coku, J., de, Vinck D., Rosenzweig, E., Chung, W. K., and De Vivo, D. C. Pulmonary artery hypertension in a child with MELAS due to a point mutation of the mitochondrial tRNA((Leu)) gene (m.3243A > G). J Inherit.Metab Dis 1-7-2008; View abstract.
Mitwalli, A. H., Al-Wakeel, J. S., Alam, A., Tarif, N., Abu-Aisha, H., Rashed, M., and Al, Nahed N. L-carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients. Saudi.J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2005;16(1):17-22. View abstract.
Williams, S. F., Alvarez, J. R., Pedro, H. F., and Apuzzio, J. J. Glutaric aciduria type II and narcolepsy in pregnancy. Obstet.Gynecol. 2008;111(2 Pt 2):522-524. View abstract.
Young, P., Finn, B. C., Alvarez, F., Bruetman, J. E., and Trimarchi, H. [Valproate-associated hyperammonemic encephalopathy. Report of one case]. Rev.Med.Chil. 2007;135(11):1446-1449. View abstract.
Smith, W. A., Fry, A. C., Tschume, L. C., and Bloomer, R. J. Effect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance. Int.J Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2008;18(1):19-36. View abstract.
Hsieh, C. T., Hwu, W. L., Huang, Y. T., Huang, A. C., Wang, S. F., Hu, M. H., and Chien, Y. H. Early detection of glutaric aciduria type I by newborn screening in Taiwan. J Formos.Med.Assoc. 2008;107(2):139-144. View abstract.
Sugino, T., Aoyagi, S., Shirai, T., Kajimoto, Y., and Kajimoto, O. Effects of Citric Acid and l-Carnitine on Physical Fatigue. J Clin Biochem.Nutr. 2007;41(3):224-230. View abstract.
Arnold, L. E., Amato, A., Bozzolo, H., Hollway, J., Cook, A., Ramadan, Y., Crowl, L., Zhang, D., Thompson, S., Testa, G., Kliewer, V., Wigal, T., McBurnett, K., and Manos, M. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a multi-site, placebo-controlled pilot trial. J Child Adolesc.Psychopharmacol. 2007;17(6):791-802. View abstract.
Andreozzi, G. M., Leone, A., Laudani, R., Martin, R., Deinit, G., and Cataldi, V. Levo-propionyl-carnitine improves the effectiveness of supervised physical training on the absolute claudication distance in patients with intermittent claudication. Angiology 2008;59(1):84-89. View abstract.
Tanner, L. M., Nanto-Salonen, K., Rashed, M. S., Kotilainen, S., Aalto, M., Venetoklis, J., Niinikoski, H., Huoponen, K., and Simell, O. Carnitine deficiency and L-carnitine supplementation in lysinuric protein intolerance. Metabolism 2008;57(4):549-554. View abstract.
Jones, S., Reed, C. A., Vijay, S., Walter, J. H., and Morris, A. A. N-carbamylglutamate for neonatal hyperammonaemia in propionic acidaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31 Suppl 2:S219-S222. View abstract.
Zhang, J. M., Gu, X. F., Shao, X. H., Song, X. Q., Han, L. S., Ye, J., Qiu, W. J., Gao, X. L., Wang, Y., and Wang, M. X. [Values of tandem mass spectrometry in etiologic diagnosis of cerebral developmental retardation]. Zhonghua Er.Ke.Za Zhi. 2007;45(12):932-936. View abstract.
Bjornsson, E. Hepatotoxicity associated with antiepileptic drugs. Acta Neurol.Scand. 2008;118(5):281-290. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Cristaldi, E., Vacante, M., Risino, C., Cammalleri, L., Pennisi, G., and Rampello, L. Acetyl-L-carnitine treatment in minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Dig.Dis Sci 2008;53(11):3018-3025. View abstract.
Jung, J., Eo, E., and Ahn, K. O. A case of hemoperfusion and L-carnitine management in valproic acid overdose. Am.J Emerg.Med. 2008;26(3):388-4. View abstract.
Grandis, D. D. Tolerability and efficacy of L-acetylcarnitine in patients with peripheral neuropathies: a short-term, open multicentre study. Clin Drug Investig. 1998;15(2):73-79. View abstract.
Chan, Y. C., Tse, M. L., and Lau, F. L. Two cases of valproic acid poisoning treated with L-carnitine. Hum.Exp.Toxicol. 2007;26(12):967-969. View abstract.
Fenkci, S. M., Fenkci, V., Oztekin, O., Rota, S., and Karagenc, N. Serum total L-carnitine levels in non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum.Reprod. 2008;23(7):1602-1606. View abstract.
Cheng, H. J. and Chen, T. [Clinical efficacy of combined L-carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine on idiopathic asthenospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2008;14(2):149-151. View abstract.
Eroglu, H., Senel, O., and Guzel, N. A. Effects of acute L-carnitine intake on metabolic and blood lactate levels of elite badminton players. Neuro.Endocrinol.Lett. 2008;29(2):261-266. View abstract.
Pacheco, A., Torres, R., Sanhueza, M. E., Elgueta, L., Segovia, E., and Cano, M. [Study of aerobic capacity in chronic hemodialized patients: effect of L-carnitine supplementation]. Med.Clin (Barc.) 4-5-2008;130(12):441-445. View abstract.
Boneh, A., Beauchamp, M., Humphrey, M., Watkins, J., Peters, H., and Yaplito-Lee, J. Newborn screening for glutaric aciduria type I in Victoria: treatment and outcome. Mol.Genet.Metab 2008;94(3):287-291. View abstract.
Fujiwara, M., Nakano, T., Tamoto, S., Yamada, Y., Fukai, M., Takada, K., Ashida, H., Shimada, T., Ishihara, T., and Seki, I. [Effect of L-carnitine in patients with ischemic heart disease]. J Cardiol 1991;21(2):493-504. View abstract.
Fan, J. P., Kim, H. S., and Han, G. D. Induction of apoptosis by L-carnitine through regulation of two main pathways in Hepa1c1c 7 cells. Amino.Acids 2009;36(2):365-372. View abstract.
Soczynska, J. K., Kennedy, S. H., Chow, C. S., Woldeyohannes, H. O., Konarski, J. Z., and McIntyre, R. S. Acetyl-L-carnitine and alpha-lipoic acid: possible neurotherapeutic agents for mood disorders? Expert.Opin.Investig.Drugs 2008;17(6):827-843. View abstract.
Allegra, C., Antignani, P. L., Schachter, I., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Virmani, A. Propionyl-L-carnitine in Leriche-Fontaine stage II peripheral arterial obstructive disease. Ann.Vasc.Surg. 2008;22(4):552-558. View abstract.
Sakurabayashi, T., Miyazaki, S., Yuasa, Y., Sakai, S., Suzuki, M., Takahashi, S., and Hirasawa, Y. L-carnitine supplementation decreases the left ventricular mass in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Circ.J 2008;72(6):926-931. View abstract.
Riccioni, C., Sarcinella, R., Palermo, G., Izzo, A., Liguori, M., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Virmani, A. Evaluation of the efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine versus pulsed muscular compressions in diabetic and non-diabetic patients affected by obliterating arteriopathy Leriche stage II. Int.Angiol. 2008;27(3):253-259. View abstract.
Hooshmand, S., Balakrishnan, A., Clark, R. M., Owen, K. Q., Koo, S. I., and Arjmandi, B. H. Dietary l-carnitine supplementation improves bone mineral density by suppressing bone turnover in aged ovariectomized rats. Phytomedicine. 2008;15(8):595-601. View abstract.
Spiering, B. A., Kraemer, W. J., Hatfield, D. L., Vingren, J. L., Fragala, M. S., Ho, J. Y., Thomas, G. A., Hakkinen, K., and Volek, J. S. Effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on muscle oxygenation responses to resistance exercise. J Strength.Cond.Res. 2008;22(4):1130-1135. View abstract.
Zwickler, T., Lindner, M., Aydin, H. I., Baumgartner, M. R., Bodamer, O. A., Burlina, A. B., Das, A. M., DeKlerk, J. B., Gokcay, G., Grunewald, S., Guffon, N., Maier, E. M., Morava, E., Geb, S., Schwahn, B., Walter, J. H., Wendel, U., Wijburg, F. A., Muller, E., Kolker, S., and Horster, F. Diagnostic work-up and management of patients with isolated methylmalonic acidurias in European metabolic centres. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31(3):361-367. View abstract.
Dutta, A., Ray, K., Singh, V. K., Vats, P., Singh, S. N., and Singh, S. B. L-carnitine supplementation attenuates intermittent hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and delays muscle fatigue in rats. Exp.Physiol 2008;93(10):1139-1146. View abstract.
Block, K. I., Koch, A. C., Mead, M. N., Tothy, P. K., Newman, R. A., and Gyllenhaal, C. Impact of antioxidant supplementation on chemotherapeutic toxicity: a systematic review of the evidence from randomized controlled trials. Int.J Cancer 9-15-2008;123(6):1227-1239. View abstract.
El Beshlawy, A., Mohtar, G., Abd El, Ghafar E., Abd El Dayem, S. M., El Sayed, M. H., Aly, A. A., and Farok, M. Assessment of puberty in relation to L-carnitine and hormonal replacement therapy in beta-thalassemic patients. J Trop.Pediatr. 2008;54(6):375-381. View abstract.
Bijarnia, S., Wiley, V., Carpenter, K., Christodoulou, J., Ellaway, C. J., and Wilcken, B. Glutaric aciduria type I: outcome following detection by newborn screening. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31(4):503-507. View abstract.
Lynch, K. E., Feldman, H. I., Berlin, J. A., Flory, J., Rowan, C. G., and Brunelli, S. M. Effects of L-carnitine on dialysis-related hypotension and muscle cramps: a meta-analysis. Am.J Kidney Dis 2008;52(5):962-971. View abstract.
Gonzalez-Ortiz, M., Hernandez-Gonzalez, S. O., Hernandez-Salazar, E., and Martinez-Abundis, E. Effect of oral L-carnitine administration on insulin sensitivity and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Ann.Nutr.Metab 2008;52(4):335-338. View abstract.
Horvath, G. A., Davidson, A. G., Stockler-Ipsiroglu, S. G., Lillquist, Y. P., Waters, P. J., Olpin, S., Andresen, B. S., Palaty, J., Nelson, J., and Vallance, H. Newborn screening for MCAD deficiency: experience of the first three years in British Columbia, Canada. Can.J Public Health 2008;99(4):276-280. View abstract.
Miguel-Carrasco, J. L., Mate, A., Monserrat, M. T., Arias, J. L., Aramburu, O., and Vazquez, C. M. The role of inflammatory markers in the cardioprotective effect of L-carnitine in L-NAME-induced hypertension. Am.J Hypertens. 2008;21(11):1231-1237. View abstract.
Pittler, M. H. and Ernst, E. Complementary therapies for neuropathic and neuralgic pain: systematic review. Clin J Pain 2008;24(8):731-733. View abstract.
Cruciani, R. A., Dvorkin, E., Homel, P., Culliney, B., Malamud, S., Lapin, J., Portenoy, R. K., and Esteban-Cruciani, N. L-carnitine supplementation in patients with advanced cancer and carnitine deficiency: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Pain Symptom.Manage. 2009;37(4):622-631. View abstract.
Evans, J. D., Jacobs, T. F., and Evans, E. W. Role of acetyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Ann.Pharmacother. 2008;42(11):1686-1691. View abstract.
Weigel, C., Kiener, C., Meier, N., Schmid, P., Rauh, M., Rascher, W., and Knerr, I. Carnitine status in early-treated children, adolescents and young adults with phenylketonuria on low phenylalanine diets. Ann.Nutr.Metab 2008;53(2):91-95. View abstract.
Bernard, A., Rigault, C., Mazue, F., Le, Borgne F., and Demarquoy, J. L-carnitine supplementation and physical exercise restore age-associated decline in some mitochondrial functions in the rat. J Gerontol.A Biol.Sci Med.Sci 2008;63(10):1027-1033. View abstract.
Uppin, M. S., Sundaram, C., Meena, A. K., Reddy, K. M., Reddy, K. K., Vanniarajan, A., and Thangaraj, K. Lipid storage myopathies with unusual clinical manifestations. Neurol.India 2008;56(3):391-393. View abstract.
Janiri, L., Martinotti, G., Tonioni, F., Ghelardini, C., Nicolai, R., Galeotti, N., Mosconi, L., Calvani, M., Bartolini, A., and Iannoni, E. Acetyl-L-carnitine in the management of pain during methadone withdrawal syndrome. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2009;32(1):35-40. View abstract.
Volek, J. S., Judelson, D. A., Silvestre, R., Yamamoto, L. M., Spiering, B. A., Hatfield, D. L., Vingren, J. L., Quann, E. E., Anderson, J. M., Maresh, C. M., and Kraemer, W. J. Effects of carnitine supplementation on flow-mediated dilation and vascular inflammatory responses to a high-fat meal in healthy young adults. Am.J Cardiol. 11-15-2008;102(10):1413-1417. View abstract.
Chan, A., Paskavitz, J., Remington, R., Rasmussen, S., and Shea, T. B. Efficacy of a vitamin/nutriceutical formulation for early-stage Alzheimer's disease: a 1-year, open-label pilot study with an 16-month caregiver extension. Am.J Alzheimers.Dis Other Demen. 12-20-2008;23(6):571-585. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Avitabile, T., Malaguarnera, M., Cammalleri, L., and Motta, M. L-Carnitine supplementation reduces oxidized LDL cholesterol in patients with diabetes. Am J Clin.Nutr 2009;89(1):71-76. View abstract.
Remington, R., Chan, A., Paskavitz, J., and Shea, T. B. Efficacy of a vitamin/nutriceutical formulation for moderate-stage to later-stage Alzheimer's disease: a placebo-controlled pilot study. Am.J Alzheimers.Dis Other Demen. 2009;24(1):27-33. View abstract.
El-Beshlawy, A., Youssry, I., El-Saidi, S., El, Accaoui R., Mansi, Y., Makhlouf, A., and Taher, A. Pulmonary hypertension in beta-thalassemia major and the role of L-carnitine therapy. Pediatr.Hematol.Oncol. 2008;25(8):734-743. View abstract.
Ye, J., Li, C. J., and Liu, J. H. [A clinical analysis of methylmalonic acidemia in adolescents]. Zhonghua Nei Ke.Za Zhi. 2008;47(10):823-825. View abstract.
Jing, L., Li, W. M., Zhou, L. J., and Song, J. [L-carnitine and cardiac metabolism and remodeling indices in alcoholic cardiomyopathy]. Zhonghua Nei Ke.Za Zhi. 2008;47(11):934-937. View abstract.
Bonilla, Guerrero R., Wolfe, L. A., Payne, N., Tortorelli, S., Matern, D., Rinaldo, P., Gavrilov, D., Melan, M., He, M., Steinberg, S. J., Raymond, G. V., Vockley, J., and Gibson, K. M. Essential fatty acid profiling for routine nutritional assessment unmasks adrenoleukodystrophy in an infant with isovaleric acidaemia. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2008;31 Suppl 2:S453-S456. View abstract.
Asilsoy, S., Bekem, O., Karaman, O., Uzuner, N., and Kavukcu, S. Serum total and free carnitine levels in children with asthma. World J Pediatr. 2009;5(1):60-62. View abstract.
Fortin, G., Yurchenko, K., Collette, C., Rubio, M., Villani, A. C., Bitton, A., Sarfati, M., and Franchimont, D. L-carnitine, a diet component and organic cation transporter OCTN ligand, displays immunosuppressive properties and abrogates intestinal inflammation. Clin Exp.Immunol. 2009;156(1):161-171. View abstract.
Cao, Y., Wang, Y. X., Liu, C. J., Wang, L. X., Han, Z. W., and Wang, C. B. Comparison of pharmacokinetics of L-carnitine, acetyl-L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine after single oral administration of L-carnitine in healthy volunteers. Clin Invest Med. 2009;32(1):E13-E19. View abstract.
Valcour, V., Yeh, T. M., Bartt, R., Clifford, D., Gerschenson, M., Evans, S. R., Cohen, B. A., Ebenezer, G. J., Hauer, P., Millar, L., Gould, M., Tran, P., Shikuma, C., Souza, S., and McArthur, J. C. Acetyl-l-carnitine and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-associated neuropathy in HIV infection. HIV.Med. 2009;10(2):103-110. View abstract.
Arenas, J., Ricoy, J. R., Encinas, A. R., Pola, P., D'Iddio, S., Zeviani, M., Didonato, S., and Corsi, M. Carnitine in muscle, serum, and urine of nonprofessional athletes: effects of physical exercise, training, and L-carnitine administration. Muscle Nerve 1991;14(7):598-604. View abstract.
Seo, J. T., Kim, K. T., Moon, M. H., and Kim, W. T. The significance of microsurgical varicocelectomy in the treatment of subclinical varicocele. Fertil.Steril. 2010;93(6):1907-1910. View abstract.
Liang, W. C., Ohkuma, A., Hayashi, Y. K., Lopez, L. C., Hirano, M., Nonaka, I., Noguchi, S., Chen, L. H., Jong, Y. J., and Nishino, I. ETFDH mutations, CoQ10 levels, and respiratory chain activities in patients with riboflavin-responsive multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Neuromuscul.Disord. 2009;19(3):212-216. View abstract.
Jacobs, P. L., Goldstein, E. R., Blackburn, W., Orem, I., and Hughes, J. J. Glycine propionyl-L-carnitine produces enhanced anaerobic work capacity with reduced lactate accumulation in resistance trained males. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2009;6:9. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Risino, C., Cammalleri, L., Malaguarnera, L., Astuto, M., Vecchio, I., and Rampello, L. Branched chain amino acids supplemented with L-acetylcarnitine versus BCAA treatment in hepatic coma: a randomized and controlled double blind study. Eur.J Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2009;21(7):762-770. View abstract.
de Lira-Garcia, C., Souto-Gallardo, M., Bacardi-Gascon, M., and Jimenez-Cruz, A. [A systematic review of the effectiveness of alternative weight-loss products' ingredients]. Rev.Salud Publica (Bogota.) 2008;10(5):818-830. View abstract.
Schoffski, P., Guillem, V., Garcia, M., Rivera, F., Tabernero, J., Cullell, M., Lopez-Martin, J. A., Pollard, P., Dumez, H., del Muro, X. G., and Paz-Ares, L. Phase II randomized study of Plitidepsin (Aplidin), alone or in association with L-carnitine, in patients with unresectable advanced renal cell carcinoma. Mar.Drugs 2009;7(1):57-70. View abstract.
Nasser, M., Javaheri, H., Fedorowicz, Z., and Noorani, Z. Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2009;(2):CD006659. View abstract.
Spiekerkoetter, U., Lindner, M., Santer, R., Grotzke, M., Baumgartner, M. R., Boehles, H., Das, A., Haase, C., Hennermann, J. B., Karall, D., de, Klerk H., Knerr, I., Koch, H. G., Plecko, B., Roschinger, W., Schwab, K. O., Scheible, D., Wijburg, F. A., Zschocke, J., Mayatepek, E., and Wendel, U. Management and outcome in 75 individuals with long-chain fatty acid oxidation defects: results from a workshop. J Inherit.Metab Dis 2009;32(4):488-497. View abstract.
Sharifi, A. M., Zare, B., Keshavarz, M., and Ghaderpanahi, M. Effect of short term treatment of L-carnitine on tissue ACE activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Pathophysiology. 2009;16(1):53-56. View abstract.
Socha, P., Horvath, A., Vajro, P., Dziechciarz, P., Dhawan, A., and Szajewska, H. Pharmacological interventions for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adults and in children: a systematic review. J Pediatr.Gastroenterol.Nutr. 2009;48(5):587-596. View abstract.
Merchant, R., Jain, A., Udani, A., Puri, V., and Kotian, M. L-carnitine in beta thalassemia. Indian Pediatr. 2010;47(2):165-167. View abstract.
Chao, H. H., Chen, C. H., Liu, J. C., Lin, J. W., Wong, K. L., and Cheng, T. H. L-Carnitine attenuates angiotensin II-induced proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts: role of NADPH oxidase inhibition and decreased sphingosine-1-phosphate generation. J Nutr.Biochem. 2010;21(7):580-588. View abstract.
Milio, G., Novo, G., Genova, C., Luigi, Almasio P., Novo, S., and Pinto, A. Pharmacological treatment of patients with chronic critical limb ischemia: L-propionyl-carnitine enhances the short-term effects of PGE-1. Cardiovasc.Drugs Ther 2009;23(4):301-306. View abstract.
Maillart, E., Acquaviva-Bourdain, C., Rigal, O., Brivet, M., Jardel, C., Lombes, A., Eymard, B., Vianey-Saban, C., and Laforet, P. [Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD): a curable cause of genetic muscular lipidosis]. Rev.Neurol.(Paris) 2010;166(3):289-294. View abstract.
Benedini, S., Perseghin, G., Terruzzi, I., Scifo, P., Invernizzi, P. L., Del, Maschio A., Lazzarin, A., and Luzi, L. Effect of L-acetylcarnitine on body composition in HIV-related lipodystrophy. Horm.Metab Res. 2009;41(11):840-845. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Motta, M., Malaguarnera, M., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. Effect of L-carnitine on the size of low-density lipoprotein particles in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients treated with simvastatin. Metabolism 2009;58(11):1618-1623. View abstract.
Galvano, F., Li, Volti G., Malaguarnera, M., Avitabile, T., Antic, T., Vacante, M., and Malaguarnera, M. Effects of simvastatin and carnitine versus simvastatin on lipoprotein(a) and apoprotein(a) in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Expert.Opin.Pharmacother. 2009;10(12):1875-1882. View abstract.
Roy, M. J., Dionne, S., Marx, G., Qureshi, I., Sarma, D., Levy, E., and Seidman, E. G. In vitro studies on the inhibition of colon cancer by butyrate and carnitine. Nutrition 2009;25(11-12):1193-1201. View abstract.
Ruggenenti, P., Cattaneo, D., Loriga, G., Ledda, F., Motterlini, N., Gherardi, G., Orisio, S., and Remuzzi, G. Ameliorating hypertension and insulin resistance in subjects at increased cardiovascular risk: effects of acetyl-L-carnitine therapy. Hypertension 2009;54(3):567-574. View abstract.
Le Tourneau, C., Faivre, S., Ciruelos, E., Dominguez, M. J., Lopez-Martin, J. A., Izquierdo, M. A., Jimeno, J., and Raymond, E. Reports of clinical benefit of plitidepsin (Aplidine), a new marine-derived anticancer agent, in patients with advanced medullary thyroid carcinoma. Am.J Clin Oncol. 2010;33(2):132-136. View abstract.
Alvarez, T. M., Guardiola, P. D., Roldan, J. O., Elviro, R., Wevers, R., and Guijarro, G. [Primary trimethylaminuria: the fish odor syndrome]. Endocrinol.Nutr. 2009;56(6):337-340. View abstract.
Augustyniak, A., Stankiewicz, A., and Skrzydlewska, E. The Influence of L-Carnitine on Oxidative Modification of LDL In Vitro. Toxicol.Mech.Methods 2008;18(6):455-462. View abstract.
Head, E., Nukala, V. N., Fenoglio, K. A., Muggenburg, B. A., Cotman, C. W., and Sullivan, P. G. Effects of age, dietary, and behavioral enrichment on brain mitochondria in a canine model of human aging. Exp.Neurol. 2009;220(1):171-176. View abstract.
Zhang, W., Miao, J., Zhang, G., Liu, R., Zhang, D., Wan, Q., Yu, Y., Zhao, G., and Li, Z. Muscle carnitine deficiency: adult onset lipid storage myopathy with sensory neuropathy. Neurol.Sci 2010;31(1):61-64. View abstract.
Ishii, K., Komaki, H., Ohkuma, A., Nishino, I., Nonaka, I., and Sasaki, M. Central nervous system and muscle involvement in an adolescent patient with riboflavin-responsive multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. Brain Dev. 2010;32(8):669-672. View abstract.
Karimi, M., Mohammadi, F., Behmanesh, F., Samani, S. M., Borzouee, M., Amoozgar, H., and Haghpanah, S. Effect of combination therapy of hydroxyurea with l-carnitine and magnesium chloride on hematologic parameters and cardiac function of patients with beta-thalassemia intermedia. Eur.J Haematol. 1-1-2010;84(1):52-58. View abstract.
Park, H. D., Kim, S. R., Ki, C. S., Lee, S. Y., Chang, Y. S., Jin, D. K., and Park, W. S. Two novel HADHB gene mutations in a Korean patient with mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency. Ann.Clin Lab Sci 2009;39(4):399-404. View abstract.
Rossignol, D. A. Novel and emerging treatments for autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review. Ann.Clin Psychiatry 2009;21(4):213-236. View abstract.
Auinger, K., Muller, V., Rudiger, A., and Maggiorini, M. Valproic acid intoxication imitating brain death. Am.J Emerg.Med. 2009;27(9):1177-6. View abstract.
Arbeiter, A. K., Kranz, B., Wingen, A. M., Bonzel, K. E., Dohna-Schwake, C., Hanssler, L., Neudorf, U., Hoyer, P. F., and Buscher, R. Continuous venovenous haemodialysis (CVVHD) and continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) in the acute management of 21 children with inborn errors of metabolism. Nephrol.Dial Transplant 2010;25(4):1257-1265. View abstract.
Guan, Y., Zheng, X. M., Yang, Z. W., and Li, S. W. [Protective effects of L-carnitine upon testicular ischemia-reperfusion damage in rats]. Zhonghua Yi.Xue.Za Zhi. 7-14-2009;89(26):1858-1861. View abstract.
Karanth, J. and Jeevaratnam, K. Effect of dietary lipid, carnitine and exercise on lipid profile in rat blood, liver and muscle. Indian J Exp.Biol. 2009;47(9):748-753. View abstract.
Muniyappa, R. Oral carnitine therapy and insulin resistance. Hypertension 2010;55(2):e13. View abstract.
Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Mancuso, C., Lentile, R., Stella, A. M., and Butterfield, D. A. Redox homeostasis and cellular stress response in aging and neurodegeneration. Methods Mol.Biol. 2010;610:285-308. View abstract.
Pollard, L. M., Williams, N. R., Espinoza, L., Wood, T. C., Spector, E. B., Schroer, R. J., and Holden, K. R. Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outcomes of late-onset (type III) multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. J Child Neurol. 2010;25(8):954-960. View abstract.
O'Brien, D., Chunduri, P., Iyer, A., and Brown, L. L-carnitine attenuates cardiac remodelling rather than vascular remodelling in deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertensive rats. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2010;106(4):296-301. View abstract.
Ho, J. Y., Kraemer, W. J., Volek, J. S., Fragala, M. S., Thomas, G. A., Dunn-Lewis, C., Coday, M., Hakkinen, K., and Maresh, C. M. l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women. Metabolism 2010;59(8):1190-1199. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Russo, C., Antic, T., Vacante, M., Malaguarnera, M., Avitabile, T., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. L-carnitine supplementation to diet: a new tool in treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis--a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Am.J Gastroenterol. 2010;105(6):1338-1345. View abstract.
Lee, N. C., Tang, N. L., Chien, Y. H., Chen, C. A., Lin, S. J., Chiu, P. C., Huang, A. C., and Hwu, W. L. Diagnoses of newborns and mothers with carnitine uptake defects through newborn screening. Mol.Genet.Metab 2010;100(1):46-50. View abstract.
Sarafoglou, K., Tridgell, A. H., Bentler, K., Redlinger-Grosse, K., Berry, S. A., and Schimmenti, L. A. Cardiac conduction improvement in two heterozygotes for primary carnitine deficiency on L-carnitine supplementation. Clin Genet. 2010;78(2):191-194. View abstract.
Cuturic, M., Abramson, R. K., Moran, R. R., and Hardin, J. W. Clinical outcomes and low-dose levocarnitine supplementation in psychiatric inpatients with documented hypocarnitinemia: a retrospective chart review. J Psychiatr.Pract. 2010;16(1):5-14. View abstract.
Ribas, G. S., Manfredini, V., de Mari, J. F., Wayhs, C. Y., Vanzin, C. S., Biancini, G. B., Sitta, A., Deon, M., Wajner, M., and Vargas, C. R. Reduction of lipid and protein damage in patients with disorders of propionate metabolism under treatment: a possible protective role of L-carnitine supplementation. Int.J Dev.Neurosci. 2010;28(2):127-132. View abstract.
Mantovani, G., Maccio, A., Madeddu, C., Serpe, R., Massa, E., Dessi, M., Panzone, F., and Contu, P. Randomized phase III clinical trial of five different arms of treatment in 332 patients with cancer cachexia. Oncologist. 2010;15(2):200-211. View abstract.
Bohmer, T., Boen, A., and Hoymork, S. C. Valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy, rapidly improved by i.v. carnitine and glucose/thiamine. Scand.J Gastroenterol. 2010;45(6):762-763. View abstract.
Tejani, A. M., Wasdell, M., Spiwak, R., Rowell, G., and Nathwani, S. Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev. 2010;(2):CD007280. View abstract.
Siami, G., Clinton, M. E., Mrak, R., Griffis, J., and Stone, W. Evaluation of the effect of intravenous L-carnitine therapy on function, structure and fatty acid metabolism of skeletal muscle in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. Nephron 1991;57(3):306-313. View abstract.
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Abd-Allah, A. R., Helal, G. K., Al-Yahya, A. A., Aleisa, A. M., Al-Rejaie, S. S., and Al-Bakheet, S. A. Pro-inflammatory and oxidative stress pathways which compromise sperm motility and survival may be altered by L-carnitine. Oxid.Med.Cell Longev. 2009;2(2):73-81. View abstract.
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Martinotti, G., Reina, D., Di, Nicola M., Andreoli, S., Tedeschi, D., Ortolani, I., Pozzi, G., Iannoni, E., D'Iddio, S., and Janiri, L. Acetyl-L-carnitine for alcohol craving and relapse prevention in anhedonic alcoholics: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial. Alcohol Alcohol 2010;45(5):449-455. View abstract.
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Swoboda, K. J., Scott, C. B., Crawford, T. O., Simard, L. R., Reyna, S. P., Krosschell, K. J., Acsadi, G., Elsheik, B., Schroth, M. K., D'Anjou, G., LaSalle, B., Prior, T. W., Sorenson, S. L., Maczulski, J. A., Bromberg, M. B., Chan, G. M., and Kissel, J. T. SMA CARNI-VAL trial part I: double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of L-carnitine and valproic acid in spinal muscular atrophy. PLoS.One. 2010;5(8):e12140. View abstract.
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Heringer, J., Boy, S. P., Ensenauer, R., Assmann, B., Zschocke, J., Harting, I., Lucke, T., Maier, E. M., Muhlhausen, C., Haege, G., Hoffmann, G. F., Burgard, P., and Kolker, S. Use of guidelines improves the neurological outcome in glutaric aciduria type I. Ann.Neurol. 2010;68(5):743-752. View abstract.
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Calabrese, V., Cornelius, C., Stella, A. M., and Calabrese, E. J. Cellular stress responses, mitostress and carnitine insufficiencies as critical determinants in aging and neurodegenerative disorders: role of hormesis and vitagenes. Neurochem.Res. 2010;35(12):1880-1915. View abstract.
Wolfe, L. A., He, M., Vockley, J., Payne, N., Rhead, W., Hoppel, C., Spector, E., Gernert, K., and Gibson, K. M. Novel ETF dehydrogenase mutations in a patient with mild glutaric aciduria type II and complex II-III deficiency in liver and muscle. J Inherit.Metab Dis 11-19-2010; View abstract.
Hoffman, J. R., Ratamess, N. A., Gonzalez, A., Beller, N. A., Hoffman, M. W., Olson, M., Purpura, M., and Jager, R. The effects of acute and prolonged CRAM supplementation on reaction time and subjective measures of focus and alertness in healthy college students. J Int.Soc.Sports Nutr. 2010;7:39. View abstract.
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Larsson, L. E., Olegard, R., Ljung, B. M., Niklasson, A., Rubensson, A., and Cederblad, G. Parenteral nutrition in preterm neonates with and without carnitine supplementation. Acta Anaesthesiol.Scand. 1990;34(6):501-505. View abstract.
Sulkers, E. J., Lafeber, H. N., Degenhart, H. J., Przyrembel, H., Schlotzer, E., and Sauer, P. J. Effects of high carnitine supplementation on substrate utilization in low-birth-weight infants receiving total parenteral nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;52(5):889-894. View abstract.
Lu, S. M., Li, X., Zhang, H. B., Hu, J. M., Yan, J. H., Liu, J. L., and Chen, Z. J. [Use of L-carnitine before percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration-intracytoplasmic sperm injection for obstructive azoospermia]. Zhonghua Nan.Ke.Xue. 2010;16(10):919-921. View abstract.
Martinotti, G., Andreoli, S., Reina, D., Di, Nicola M., Ortolani, I., Tedeschi, D., Fanella, F., Pozzi, G., Iannoni, E., D'Iddio, S., and Prof, L. J. Acetyl-l-Carnitine in the treatment of anhedonia, melancholic and negative symptoms in alcohol dependent subjects. Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry 6-1-2011;35(4):953-958. View abstract.
Rossignol, D. A. and Frye, R. E. Mitochondrial dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Mol.Psychiatry 2012;17(3):290-314. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Giordano, M., Pennisi, G., Bella, R., Rampello, L., Malaguarnera, M., Li, Volti G., and Galvano, F. Oral acetyl-L-carnitine therapy reduces fatigue in overt hepatic encephalopathy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Am.J Clin Nutr. 2011;93(4):799-808. View abstract.
Abbasi, S. H., Heidari, S., Mohammadi, M. R., Tabrizi, M., Ghaleiha, A., and Akhondzadeh, S. Acetyl-L-carnitine as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: a placebo-controlled trial. Child Psychiatry Hum.Dev. 2011;42(3):367-375. View abstract.
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Calandrella, N., De, Seta C., Scarsella, G., and Risuleo, G. Carnitine reduces the lipoperoxidative damage of the membrane and apoptosis after induction of cell stress in experimental glaucoma. Cell Death.Dis 2010;1:e62. View abstract.
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Bellinghieri, G., Savica, V., Barbera, C. M., Ricciardi, B., Egitto, M., Torre, F., Valentini, G., D'Iddio, S., Bagiella, E., Mallamace, A., and . L-carnitine and platelet aggregation in uremic patients subjected to hemodialysis. Nephron 1990;55(1):28-32. View abstract.
Goetz, C. G., Tanner, C. M., Cohen, J. A., Thelen, J. A., Carroll, V. S., Klawans, H. L., and Fariello, R. G. L-acetyl-carnitine in Huntington's disease: double-blind placebo controlled crossover study of drug effects on movement disorder and dementia. Mov Disord. 1990;5(3):263-265. View abstract.
Tabibi, H., Hakeshzadeh, F., Hedayati, M., and Malakoutian, T. Effects of l-carnitine supplement on serum amyloid A and vascular inflammation markers in hemodialysis patients: a randomized controlled trial. J Ren Nutr. 2011;21(6):485-491. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Bella, R., Vacante, M., Giordano, M., Malaguarnera, G., Gargante, M. P., Motta, M., Mistretta, A., Rampello, L., and Pennisi, G. Acetyl-L-carnitine reduces depression and improves quality of life in patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Scand.J Gastroenterol. 2011;46(6):750-759. View abstract.
Silverio, R., Laviano, A., Rossi, Fanelli F., and Seelaender, M. L-Carnitine induces recovery of liver lipid metabolism in cancer cachexia. Amino.Acids 2012;42(5):1783-1792. View abstract.
Moustafa, A. M. and Boshra, V. The possible role of L-carnitine on the skeletal muscle of ovariectomized rats. J Mol.Histol. 2011;42(3):217-225. View abstract.
Liu, S., Wu, H. J., Zhang, Z. Q., Chen, Q., Liu, B., Wu, J. P., and Zhu, L. L-carnitine ameliorates cancer cachexia in mice by regulating the expression and activity of carnitine palmityl transferase. Cancer Biol.Ther 7-15-2011;12(2):125-130. View abstract.
La, Vignera S., Condorelli, R., Vicari, E., D'Agata, R., and Calogero, A. E. Endothelial antioxidant compound prolonged the endothelial antiapoptotic effects registered after tadalafil treatment in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction. J Androl 2012;33(2):170-175. View abstract.
Ma, Y. Y., Song, J. Q., Wu, T. F., Liu, Y. P., Xiao, J. X., Jiang, Y. W., and Yang, Y. L. [Leucodystrophy induced by late onset 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria]. Zhongguo Dang.Dai Er.Ke.Za Zhi. 2011;13(5):392-395. View abstract.
Amen, D. G., Wu, J. C., Taylor, D., and Willeumier, K. Reversing brain damage in former NFL players: implications for traumatic brain injury and substance abuse rehabilitation. J Psychoactive Drugs 2011;43(1):1-5. View abstract.
Annadurai, T., Vigneshwari, S., Thirukumaran, R., Thomas, P. A., and Geraldine, P. Acetyl-L-carnitine prevents carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative stress in various tissues of Wistar rats. J Physiol Biochem. 2011;67(4):519-530. View abstract.
Geier, D. A., Kern, J. K., Davis, G., King, P. G., Adams, J. B., Young, J. L., and Geier, M. R. A prospective double-blind, randomized clinical trial of levocarnitine to treat autism spectrum disorders. Med.Sci Monit. 2011;17(6):I15-I23. View abstract.
Yang, L., Yin, H., Yang, R., and Huang, X. Diagnosis, treatment and outcome of glutaric aciduria type I in Zhejiang Province, China. Med.Sci Monit. 2011;17(7):H55-H59. View abstract.
Kimmoun, A., Munagamage, G., Dessalles, N., Gerard, A., Feillet, F., and Levy, B. Unexpected awakening from comatose thyroid storm after a single intravenous injection of L-carnitine. Intensive Care Med. 2011;37(10):1716-1717. View abstract.
Pignatelli, P., Tellan, G., Marandola, M., Carnevale, R., Loffredo, L., Schillizzi, M., Proietti, M., Violi, F., Chirletti, P., and Delogu, G. Effect of L-carnitine on oxidative stress and platelet activation after major surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol.Scand. 2011;55(8):1022-1028. View abstract.
De Vecchi, A. F., Arduini, A., Di, Liberato L., and Bonomini, M. [L-carnitine in peritoneal dialysis]. G.Ital.Nefrol. 2011;28(4):393-400. View abstract.
Broad, E. M., Maughan, R. J., and Galloway S DR. Effects of exercise intensity and altered substrate availability on cardiovascular and metabolic responses to exercise after oral carnitine supplementation in athletes. Int.J Sport Nutr.Exerc.Metab 2011;21(5):385-397. View abstract.
Sarris, J., Kean, J., Schweitzer, I., and Lake, J. Complementary medicines (herbal and nutritional products) in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a systematic review of the evidence. Complement Ther Med 2011;19(4):216-227. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Motta, M., Giordano, M., Malaguarnera, G., Bella, R., Nunnari, G., Rampello, L., and Pennisi, G. Acetyl-L-carnitine improves cognitive functions in severe hepatic encephalopathy: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Metab Brain Dis 2011;26(4):281-289. View abstract.
Malaguarnera, M., Vacante, M., Bertino, G., Neri, S., Malaguarnera, M., Gargante, M. P., Motta, M., Lupo, L., Chisari, G., Bruno, C. M., Pennisi, G., and Bella, R. The supplementation of acetyl-L-carnitine decreases fatigue and increases quality of life in patients with hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon-alpha 2b plus ribavirin. J Interferon Cytokine Res 2011;31(9):653-659. View abstract.
Mikhailova, T. L., Sishkova, E., Poniewierka, E., Zhidkov, K. P., Bakulin, I. G., Kupcinskas, L., Lesniakowski, K., Grinevich, V. B., Malecka-Panas, E., Ardizzone, S., D'Arienzo, A., Valpiani, D., Koch, M., Denapiene, G., Vago, G., Fociani, P., Zerbi, P., Ceracchi, M., Camerini, R., and Gasbarrini, G. Randomised clinical trial: the efficacy and safety of propionyl-L-carnitine therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis receiving stable oral treatment. Aliment.Pharmacol Ther 2011;34(9):1088-1097. View abstract.
Cai, T., Wagenlehner, F. M., Mazzoli, S., Meacci, F., Mondaini, N., Nesi, G., Tiscione, D., Malossini, G., and Bartoletti, R. Semen quality in patients with Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection treated concurrently with prulifloxacin and a phytotherapeutic agent. J Androl 2012;33(4):615-623. View abstract.
Evangelista, M., Koverech, A., Messano, M., and Pescosolido, N. Comparison of three lubricant eye drop solutions in dry eye patients. Optom.Vis.Sci 2011;88(12):1439-1444. View abstract.
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Bertoli, M., Battistella, P. A., Vergani, L., Naso, A., Gasparotto, M. L., Romagnoli, G. F., and Angelini, C. Carnitine deficiency induced during hemodialysis and hyperlipidemia: effect of replacement therapy. Am J Clin Nutr 1981;34(8):1496-1500. View abstract.
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Rossini, P. M., Marchionno, L., Gambi, D., Pirchio, M., Del Rosso, G., and Albertazzi, A. EMG changes in chronically dialyzed uraemic subjects undergoing d, 1- Carnitine treatment. Ital J Neurol Sci 1981;2(3):255-262. View abstract.
Guarnieri, G. F., Ranieri, F., Toigo, G., Vasile, A., Ciman, M., Rizzoli, V., Moracchiello, M., and Campanacci, L. Lipid-lowering effect of carnitine in chronically uremic patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis. Am J Clin Nutr 1980;33(7):1489-1492. View abstract.
Labonia, W. D. L-carnitine effects on anemia in hemodialyzed patients treated with erythropoietin. Am J Kidney Dis 1995;26(5):757-764. View abstract.
Corsi, C., Pollastri, M., Marrapodi, E., Leanza, D., Giordano, S., and D'Iddio, S. L-propionylcarnitine effect on postexercise and postischemic hyperemia in patients affected by peripheral vascular disease. Angiology 1995;46(8):705-713. View abstract.
Watanabe, S., Ajisaka, R., Masuoka, T., Yamanouchi, T., Saitou, T., Toyama, M., Takeyasu, N., Sakamoto, K., and Sugishita, Y. Effects of L- and DL-carnitine on patients with impaired exercise tolerance. Jpn Heart J 1995;36(3):319-331. View abstract.
Sahajwalla, C. G., Helton, E. D., Purich, E. D., Hoppel, C. L., and Cabana, B. E. Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of L-carnitine 330-mg tablet versus 1-g chewable tablet versus enteral solution in healthy adult male volunteers. J Pharm Sci 1995;84(5):627-633. View abstract.
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Pietropaoli, P., Caporelli, S., De Pace, F., Donati, A., Adrario, E., Luzi, A., Munch, C., Giovannini, C., and Frezzotti, A. R. [Intraoperative lactic acidosis, can it be treated? Clinico- experimental, prospective, sequential study]. Minerva Anestesiol. 1994;60(12):707-713. View abstract.
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Maebashi, M., Kawamura, N., Sato, M., Imamura, A., and Yoshinaga, K. Lipid-lowering effect of carnitine in patients with type-IV hyperlipoproteinaemia. Lancet 10-14-1978;2(8094):805-807. View abstract.
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Mondillo, S., Faglia, S., D'Aprile, N., Mangiacotti, L., Campolo, M. A., Agricola, E., and Palazzuoli, V. [Therapy of arrhythmia induced by myocardial ischemia. Association of L- carnitine, propafenone and mexiletine]. Clin Ter. 1995;146(12):769-774. View abstract.
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