Pea Protein
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients). Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002. Available at:
Diepvens, K., Haberer, D., and Westerterp-Plantenga, M. Different proteins and biopeptides differently affect satiety and anorexigenic/orexigenic hormones in healthy humans. Int J Obes.(Lond) 2008;32(3):510-518. View abstract.
Abou-Samra, R., Keersmaekers, L., Brienza, D., Mukherjee, R., and Mace, K. Effect of different protein sources on satiation and short-term satiety when consumed as a starter. Nutr J 2011;10:139. View abstract.
Pexe-Machado PA, de Oliveira BD, Dock-Nascimento DB, de Aguilar-Nascimento JE. Shrinking preoperative fast time with maltodextrin and protein hydrolysate in gastrointestinal resections due to cancer. Nutrition 2013;29:1054-9. View abstract.
Sirtori CR, Triolo M, Bosisio R, et al. Hypocholesterolaemic effects of lupin protein and pea protein/fibre combinations in moderately hypercholesterolaemic individuals. Br J Nutr 2012;107:1176-83. View abstract.
Dahl WJ, Foster LM, Tyler RT. Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.). Br J Nutr 2012;108 Suppl 1:S3-10. View abstract.
Geraedts MC, Troost FJ, Munsters MJ, et al. Intraduodenal administration of intact pea protein effectively reduces food intake in both lean and obese male subjects. PLoS One 2011;6:e24878. View abstract.
Smith CE, Mollard RC, Luhovyy BL, Anderson GH. The effect of yellow pea protein and fibre on short-term food intake, subjective appetite and glycaemic response in healthy young men. Br J Nutr 2012;108 Suppl 1:S74-80. View abstract.
Park SJ, Kim TW, Baik BK. Relationship between proportion and composition of albumins, and in vitro protein digestibility of raw and cooked pea seeds Pisum sativum L.). J Sci Food Agric 2010;90:1719-25. View abstract.
Rigamonti E, Parolini C, Marchesi M, et al. Hypolipidemic effect of dietary pea proteins: Impact on genes regulating hepatic lipid metabolism. Mol Nutr Food Res 2010;54 Suppl 1:S24-30. View abstract.
Spielmann J, Stangl GI, Eder K. Dietary pea protein stimulates bile acid excretion and lowers hepatic cholesterol concentration in rats. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2008;92(6):683-93. View abstract.
Li H, Prairie N, Udenigwe CC, et al. Blood pressure lowering effect of a pea protein hydrolysate in hypertensive rats and humans. J Agric Food Chem 2011;59:9854-60. View abstract.
Girgih AT, Nwachukwu ID, Onuh JO, et al. Antihypertensive properties of a pea protein hydrolysate during short- and long-term oral administration to spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Food Sci 2016;81:H1281-7. View abstract.
Utrilla MP, Peinado MJ, Ruiz R, et al. Pea (Pisum sativum L.) seed albumin extracts show anti-inflammatory effect in the DSS model of mouse colitis. Mol Nutr Food Res 2015;59:807-19. View abstract.
Ndiaye F, Vuong T, Duarte J, et al. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties of an enzymatic protein hydrolysate from yellow field pea seeds. Eur J Nutr 2012;51:29-37. View abstract.
Li H, Aluko RE. Identification and inhibitory properties of multifunctional peptides from pea protein hydrolysate. J Agric Food Chem 2010;58:11471-6. View abstract.
Niehues M, Euler M, Georgi G, et al. Peptides from Pisum sativum L. enzymatic protein digest with anti-adhesive activity against Helicobacter pylori: structure-activity and inhibitory activity against BabA, SabA, HpaA and a fibronectin-binding adhesin. Mol Nutr Food Res 2010;54:1851-61. View abstract.
Mollard RC, Luhovyy BL, Smith C, Anderson GH. Acute effects of pea protein and hull fibre alone and combined on blood glucose, appetite, and food intake in healthy young men--a randomized crossover trial. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2014;39:1360-5. View abstract.
Boye J, Zare F, Pletch A. Pulse proteins: processing, characterization, functional properties and applications in food and feed. Food Res Int 2011;43:414-43.
Babault N, Païzis C, Deley G, et al. Pea proteins oral supplementation promotes muscle thickness gains during resistance training: a double-blind, randomized, Placebo-controlled clinical trial vs. Whey protein. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2015;12(1):3. View abstract.
Lavine E, Ben-Shoshan M. Anaphylaxis to hidden pea protein: A Canadian pediatric case series. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019;7(6):2070-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.02.010. View abstract.
Banaszek A, Townsend JR, Bender D, Vantrease WC, Marshall AC, Johnson KD. The effects of whey vs. pea protein on physical adaptations following 8-weeks of high-intensity functional training (HIFT): a pilot study. Sports (Basel) 2019;7(1). pii: E12. doi: 10.3390/sports7010012. View abstract.
Nieman DC, Zwetsloot KA, Simonson AJ, et al. Effects of whey and pea protein supplementation on post-eccentric exercise muscle damage: A randomized trial. Nutrients. 2020 Aug 9;12(8):2382. View abstract.
Hawley AL, Gbur E, Tacinelli AM, et al. The short-term effect of whey compared with pea protein on appetite, Food Intake, and Energy Expenditure in Young and Older Men. Curr Dev Nutr. 2020 Jan 22;4(2):nzaa009. View abstract.
Thondre PS, Achebe I, Sampson A, et al. Co-ingestion of NUTRALYS(®) pea protein and a high-carbohydrate beverage influences the glycaemic, insulinaemic, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses: preliminary results of a randomised controlled trial. Eur J Nutr 2021;60(6):3085-93. View abstract.
de Los Rios CC, Falcón BS, Arguelles-Arias F, et al. Long-term safety and efficacy study of a medical device containing xyloglucan, pea protein reticulated with tannins and xylo-oligosaccharides, in patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2021;14:17562848211020570. View abstract.