Cetylated Fatty Acids (CFAs)
Diehl HW, May EL. Cetyl myristoleate isolated from Swiss albino mice: an apparent protective agent against adjuvant arthritis in rats. J Pharm Sci 1994;83:296-9. View abstract.
Hesslink R Jr, Armstrong D 3rd, Nagendran MV, et al. Cetylated fatty acids improve knee function in patients with osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 2002;29:1708-12. View abstract.
Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Anderson JM, et al. Effect of a cetylated fatty acid topical cream on functional mobility and quality of life of patients with osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 2004;31:767-74. View abstract.
Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Maresh CM, et al. A cetylated fatty acid topical cream with menthol reduces pain and improves functional performance in individuals with arthritis. J Strength Cond Res 2005;19:475-80. View abstract.
Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Maresh CM, et al. Effects of treatment with a cetylated fatty acid topical cream on static postural stability and plantar pressure distribution in patients with knee osteoarthritis. J Strength Cond Res 2005;19:115-21. View abstract.
Golini J, Jones WL. Kre-Celazine® as a viable treatment for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis/juvenile idiopathic arthritis - a pilot study. J Med Food 2014;17(9):1022-6. View abstract.
Ameye LG, Chee WS. Osteoarthritis and nutrition. From nutraceuticals to functional foods: a systematic review of the scientific evidence. Arthritis Res Ther 2006;8(4):R127. View abstract.
Lee SC, Jin HS, Joo Y, Kim YC, Moon JY. The minimal effective dose of cis-9-cetylmyristoleate (CMO) in persons presenting with knee joint pain: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(9):e6149.
Ariani A, Parisi S, Guidelli GM, Bardelli M, Bertini A, Fusaro E. Short-term effect of topical cetylated fatty acid on early and advanced knee osteoarthritis: A multi-center study. Arch Rheumatol. 2018;33(4):438-442. View abstract.
Hudita A, Galateanu B, Dinescu S, et al. In vitro effects of cetylated fatty acids mixture from celadrin on chondrogenesis and inflammation with impact on osteoarthritis. Cartilage. 2020;11(1):88-97. View abstract.
Sharan D, Jacob BN, Ajeesh PS, Bookout JB, Barathur RR. The effect of cetylated fatty esters and physical therapy on myofascial pain syndrome of the neck. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2011;15(3):363-74. View abstract.
EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA), Turck D, et al. Safety of cetylated fatty acids as a novel food pursuant to regulation (EU) 2015/2283. EFSA J 2021;19(7):e06670. View abstract.
Pampaloni E, Pera E, Maggi D, et al. Association of cetylated fatty acid treatment with physical therapy improves athletic pubalgia symptoms in professional roller hockey players. Heliyon 2020;6(7):e04526. View abstract.