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Kaplya, O. A., Sherstoboev, E. Y., Zueva, E. P., Razina, T. G., Amosova, E. N., and Krylova, S. G. Effect of baikal skullcap extract administered alone or in combination with cyclophosphamide on natural cytotoxicity system in mice with Lewis lung carcinoma. Bull Exp Biol Med 2004;137(5):471-474. View abstract.
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Lee, E., Enomoto, R., Suzuki, C., Ohno, M., Ohashi, T., Miyauchi, A., Tanimoto, E., Maeda, K., Hirano, H., Yokoi, T., and Sugahara, C. Wogonin, a plant flavone, potentiates etoposide-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2007;1095:521-526. View abstract.
33401
Baumann, S., Fas, S. C., Giaisi, M., Muller, W. W., Merling, A., Gulow, K., Edler, L., Krammer, P. H., and Li-Weber, M. Wogonin preferentially kills malignant lymphocytes and suppresses T-cell tumor growth by inducing PLCgamma1- and Ca2+-dependent apoptosis. Blood 2-15-2008;111(4):2354-2363. View abstract.
33408
Waisundara, V. Y., Hsu, A., Huang, D., and Tan, B. K. Scutellaria baicalensis enhances the anti-diabetic activity of metformin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Am J Chin Med 2008;36(3):517-540. View abstract.
33409
Tarrago, T., Kichik, N., Claasen, B., Prades, R., Teixido, M., and Giralt, E. Baicalin, a prodrug able to reach the CNS, is a prolyl oligopeptidase inhibitor. Bioorg.Med Chem 8-1-2008;16(15):7516-7524. View abstract.
33410
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33413
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Shih, H. C., Hsu, C. S., and Yang, L. L. In vitro study of the tocolytic effect of oroxylin A from Scutellaria baicalensis root. J Biomed.Sci 2009;16:27. View abstract.
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Mu, X., He, G., Cheng, Y., Li, X., Xu, B., and Du, G. Baicalein exerts neuroprotective effects in 6-hydroxydopamine-induced experimental parkinsonism in vivo and in vitro. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2009;92(4):642-648. View abstract.
33426
Chen, Y., Lu, N., Ling, Y., Gao, Y., Wang, L., Sun, Y., Qi, Q., Feng, F., Liu, W., Liu, W., You, Q., and Guo, Q. Wogonoside inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo via toll-like receptor 4 signal transduction. Toxicology 5-2-2009;259(1-2):10-17. View abstract.
33428
Liu, W., Mu, R., Nie, F. F., Yang, Y., Wang, J., Dai, Q. S., Lu, N., Qi, Q., Rong, J. J., Hu, R., Wang, X. T., You, Q. D., and Guo, Q. L. MAC-related mitochondrial pathway in oroxylin-A-induced apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Cancer Lett. 11-1-2009;284(2):198-207. View abstract.
33431
Huang, S. T., Wang, C. Y., Yang, R. C., Chu, C. J., Wu, H. T., and Pang, J. H. Wogonin, an active compound in Scutellaria baicalensis, induces apoptosis and reduces telomerase activity in the HL-60 leukemia cells. Phytomedicine. 2010;17(1):47-54. View abstract.
33432
Yoon, S. B., Lee, Y. J., Park, S. K., Kim, H. C., Bae, H., Kim, H. M., Ko, S. G., Choi, H. Y., Oh, M. S., and Park, W. Anti-inflammatory effects of Scutellaria baicalensis water extract on LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. J Ethnopharmacol. 9-7-2009;125(2):286-290. View abstract.
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Kim, E. H., Shim, B., Kang, S., Jeong, G., Lee, J. S., Yu, Y. B., and Chun, M. Anti-inflammatory effects of Scutellaria baicalensis extract via suppression of immune modulators and MAP kinase signaling molecules. J Ethnopharmacol. 11-12-2009;126(2):320-331. View abstract.
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Guo, H. X., Liu, D. H., Ma, Y., Liu, J. F., Wang, Y., Du, Z. Y., Wang, X., Shen, J. K., and Peng, H. L. Long-term baicalin administration ameliorates metabolic disorders and hepatic steatosis in rats given a high-fat diet. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2009;30(11):1505-1512. View abstract.
33445
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You, J., Gao, S., Jin, H., Li, W., Zhang, H., and Yu, A. On-line continuous flow ultrasonic extraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatographic separation for determination of the flavonoids from root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. J Chromatogr.A 3-19-2010;1217(12):1875-1881. View abstract.
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Xu, X. F., Cai, B. L., Guan, S. M., Li, Y., Wu, J. Z., Wang, Y., and Liu, B. Baicalin induces human mucoepidermoid carcinoma Mc3 cells apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Invest New Drugs 2011;29(4):637-645. View abstract.
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Jiang, R. H., Su, W. C., Liu, H. F., Huang, H. S., and Chao, J. I. Opposite expression of securin and gamma-H2AX regulates baicalein-induced cancer cell death. J Cell Biochem 10-1-2010;111(2):274-283. View abstract.
33459
Lixuan, Z., Jingcheng, D., Wenqin, Y., Jianhua, H., Baojun, L., and Xiaotao, F. Baicalin attenuates inflammation by inhibiting NF-kappaB activation in cigarette smoke induced inflammatory models. Pulm.Pharmacol Ther 2010;23(5):411-419. View abstract.
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Linnebur, S. A., Rapacchietta, O. C., and Vejar, M. Hepatotoxicity associated with chinese skullcap contained in Move Free Advanced dietary supplement: two case reports and review of the literature. Pharmacotherapy 2010;30(7):750, 258e-750, 262e. View abstract.
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Enomoto, R., Koshiba, C., Suzuki, C., and Lee, E. Wogonin potentiates the antitumor action of etoposide and ameliorates its adverse effects. Cancer Chemother.Pharmacol 2011;67(5):1063-1072. View abstract.
33464
Hou, Y. C., Lin, S. P., Tsai, S. Y., Ko, M. H., Chang, Y. C., and Chao, P. D. Flavonoid pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution after repeated dosing of the roots of Scutellaria baicalensis in rats. Planta Med 2011;77(5):455-460. View abstract.
33470
Gasiorowski, K., Lamer-Zarawska, E., Leszek, J., Parvathaneni, K., Yendluri, B. B., Blach-Olszewska, Z., and Aliev, G. Flavones from root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi: drugs of the future in neurodegeneration? CNS.Neurol.Disord Drug Targets. 2011;10(2):184-191. View abstract.
33473
Lin, A. M., Ping, Y. H., Chang, G. F., Wang, J. Y., Chiu, J. H., Kuo, C. D., and Chi, C. W. Neuroprotective effect of oral S/B remedy (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Bupleurum scorzonerifolfium Willd) on iron-induced neurodegeneration in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system of rat brain. J Ethnopharmacol. 4-12-2011;134(3):884-891. View abstract.
33477
Chang, H. H., Yi, P. L., Cheng, C. H., Lu, C. Y., Hsiao, Y. T., Tsai, Y. F., Li, C. L., and Chang, F. C. Biphasic effects of baicalin, an active constituent of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, in the spontaneous sleep-wake regulation. J Ethnopharmacol. 5-17-2011;135(2):359-368. View abstract.
33479
Gao, J., Morgan, W. A., Sanchez-Medina, A., and Corcoran, O. The ethanol extract of Scutellaria baicalensis and the active compounds induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis including upregulation of p53 and Bax in human lung cancer cells. Toxicol.Appl.Pharmacol 8-1-2011;254(3):221-228. View abstract.
33484
Li, T., Li, N., Guo, Q., Ji, H., Zhao, D., Xie, S., Li, X., Qiu, Z., Han, D., Chen, X., and You, Q. Inhibitory effects of wogonin on catalytic activity of cytochrome P450 enzyme in human liver microsomes. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 6-29-2011; View abstract.
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33488
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Razina, T. G., Zueva, E. P., Litvinenko, V. I., and Kovalev, I. P. [A semisynthetic flavonoid from the Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis) as an agent to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy in experimental tumors]. Eksp.Klin Farmakol. 1998;61(2):54-56. View abstract.
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Orzechowska B, Chaber R, Wisniewska A, et al. Baicalin from the extract of Scutellaria baicalensis affects the innate immunity and apoptosis in leukocytes of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia. Int Immunopharmacol 2014;23(2):558-67. View abstract.
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Arjmandi BH, Ormsbee LT, Elam ML, et al. A combination of Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu for short-term symptomatic relief of joint discomfort associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. J Med Food 2014;17(6):707-13. View abstract.
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Ye F, Wang H, Jiang S, et al. Quality evaluation of commercial extracts of Scutellaria baicalensis. Nutr Cancer 2004;49(2):217-22. View abstract.
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PC-SPES (PDQ) - Health Professional Version. NIH National Cancer Institute. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/cam/hp/pc-spes-pdq. Accessed Sept 30, 2016.
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Lin H, Zhou J, Lin K, et al. Efficacy of Scutellaria baicalensis for the treatment of hand, foot, and mouth disease associated with encephalitis in patients infected with EV71: a multicenter, retrospective analysis. Biomed Res Int 2016;2016:5697571. View abstract.
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Papafragkakis C, Ona MA, Reddy M, Anand S. Acute hepatitis after ingestion of a preparation of Chinese skullcap and black catechu for joint pain. Case Reports Heptal 2016;2016:4356749. View abstract.
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Kim M, Lee BC. Therapeutic effect of Scutellaria baicalensis on L-thyroxine-induced hyperthyroidism rats. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019;2019:3239649. View abstract.
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Braude MR, Bassily R. Drug-induced liver injury secondary to Scutellaria baicalensis (Chinese skullcap). Intern Med J. 2019;49(4):544-546. View abstract.
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Shin NR, Gu N, Choi HS, Kim H. Combined effects of Scutellaria baicalensis with metformin on glucose tolerance of patients with type 2 diabetes via gut microbiota modulation. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2020;318(1):E52-E61. View abstract.
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Puri BK, White N, Monro JA. The effect of supplementation with Scutellaria baicalensis on hepatic function. Med Hypotheses. 2019;133:109402. View abstract.
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Jin BR, Chung KS, Kim HJ, An HJ. Chinese skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi) inhibits inflammation and proliferation on benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2019;235:481-488. View abstract.
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Li WJ, Bao J, Zheng DC, et al. Treatments of Peyronie's disease with Scutellaria baicalensis and surgery according to the disease course: a single-center retrospective study of 261 patients. Ann Palliat Med. 2021 Mar;10(3):2979-2989. View abstract.
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Dong R, Li L, Gao H, et al. Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and food effect of baicalein tablets in healthy Chinese subjects: A single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose phase I study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Jun 28;274:114052. View abstract.
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Adam T, Bursztejn AC, Schmutz JL. Facial eczema from a sunscreen: Scutellaria baicalensis, a novel allergen beginning to attract attention. Contact Dermatitis. 2020 Apr;82(4):253-254. View abstract.
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Luna-Bastante L, Gatica-Ortega ME, Pastor-Nieto MA, et al. Allergic contact dermatitis to Tinosorb S, Scutellaria baicalensis, and other emerging allergens in cosmetics. Contact Dermatitis. 2020 May;82(5):307-309. View abstract.
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US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA Alerts Consumers About Potentially Life-Threatening Health Problems Linked to Limbrel. December 19, 2017. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/food/alerts-advisories-safety-information/fda-alerts-consumers-about-potentially-life-threatening-health-problems-linked-limbrel. Accessed on September 1, 2021.